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Evesham Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Evesham
Thomas Hollinshead House, Marlton
Thomas Hollinshead House, Marlton
Evesham Township highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Evesham Township highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Evesham Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Evesham Township, New Jersey
Evesham Township, New Jersey is located in Burlington County, New Jersey
Evesham Township, New Jersey
Evesham Township, New Jersey
Location in Burlington County, New Jersey
Evesham Township, New Jersey is located in New Jersey
Evesham Township, New Jersey
Evesham Township, New Jersey
Location in New Jersey
Evesham Township, New Jersey is located in the United States
Evesham Township, New Jersey
Evesham Township, New Jersey
Location in the United States
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Flag of Burlington County, New Jersey.gifBurlington
Formed November 6, 1688
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Named for Evesham, Worcestershire or
settler Thomas Eves
Government
 • Type Faulkner Act (council–manager)
 • Body Township Council
Area
 • Total 29.59 sq mi (76.62 km2)
 • Land 29.16 sq mi (75.51 km2)
 • Water 0.43 sq mi (1.11 km2)  1.45%
Area rank 91st of 565 in state
9th of 40 in county
Elevation
59 ft (18 m)
Population
 • Total 45,538
 • Estimate 
(2019)
45,188
 • Rank 41st of 566 in state
1st of 40 in county
 • Density 1,555.1/sq mi (600.4/km2)
 • Density rank 330th of 566 in state
19th of 40 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
08053 - Marlton
Area code 856
FIPS code 34-22110
GNIS ID 882082

Evesham Township is a township in Burlington County, New Jersey, United States. It is a suburb of Philadelphia. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 45,538, reflecting an increase of 3,263 (+7.7%) from the 42,275 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 6,966 (+19.7%) from the 35,309 counted in the 1990 Census. Colloquially, the area is referred to as Marlton, the name of a community within the township.

History

The area now known as Evesham Township was originally settled by Quakers in 1672. The township was named either for the town of the same name in England or for prominent English settler Thomas Eves.

Evesham Township was formed on November 6, 1688, as Eversham (with an "R" in the middle of the name that was lost in subsequent years) in the Province of West Jersey before the county was formed. It was incorporated by the Township Act of 1798 of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, as one of New Jersey's original group of 104 townships. Portions of the township were taken to form Washington Township (November 19, 1802), Medford Township (March 1, 1847) and Mount Laurel Township (March 7, 1872).

The Township was substantially larger than it is today, originally including what are now Mount Laurel, Medford, Lumberton, Hainesport, Shamong, and Washington Townships. The South Branch of the Rancocas on the East Side and Cropwell Creek on the West Side bound this area. Evesham Township was eventually incorporated in 1692 as one of the thirteen Townships in Burlington County. In 1802, a tract was cut off for Washington Township; in 1847, the Township was then divided in half, with the eastern half becoming Medford Township; and in 1872, Evesham was divided again, for the last time, with the northern part becoming Mount Laurel Township.

Marlton is a name commonly associated and interchangeable with the name Evesham, derived from the census-designated place within Evesham. The name Marlton came about in the early 19th century and stems from the word "marl", a naturally occurring mixture of green clay with remnants of shells that was used as a fertilizer, like manure. Its discovery helped local commerce and fueled the first "building boom", which took place in the 1830s and 1840s. Marl continued to be mined locally until 1930, when the pits were finally closed.

The Marlton area was recognized as a village in 1758. The village was named Marlton in 1845. The same year the "Evesham" Post Office and the "Evesham" Baptist Church both had their names changed to "Marlton" Post Office and the "Marlton" Baptist Church. The names remain the same today. Most maps and directional signs refer to Marlton instead of Evesham. The historic village, Olde Marlton, remains mostly intact and is a locally regulated Historic District. Full-time police services began in 1966.

Evesham remained mostly unchanged until the 1950s, when developers began buying farms and building the township's first housing developments. Today, no significant farmland remains.

In 1955, the United States Army opened the PH-32 Nike Ajax facility on Tomlinson Mill Road. This battery was one of twelve used to shield Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from aerial assault during the Cold War. The base was decommissioned in the mid-1960s and used for various functions, including a civil defense center. The site of the base is now a housing development which was built in the mid-1990s.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 29.708 square miles (76.942 km2), including 29.284 square miles (75.845 km2) of land and 0.424 square miles (1.097 km2) of water (1.43%).

Marlton is an historic community, census-designated place (CDP) and unincorporated area located within Evesham Township with 10,260 residents (as of Census 2010) that covers 3.235 square miles (8.38 km2) of the township. "Marlton" is often used in place of the township's name, even when referring to locations beyond the boundaries of the CDP.

Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Berlin Heights, Cropwell, Crowfoot, Donlontown, Elmwood Road, Evans Corner, Evesboro, Gibbs Mill, Milford, Pine Grove and Tomlinsons Mill.

The township borders the municipalities of Mount Laurel Township and Medford Township in Burlington County and Berlin Township, Cherry Hill, Voorhees Township and Waterford Township in Camden County.

The township is one of 56 South Jersey municipalities that are included within the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve, a protected natural area of unique ecology covering 1,100,000 acres (450,000 ha), that has been classified as a United States Biosphere Reserve and established by Congress in 1978 as the nation's first National Reserve. Part of the township is included in the state-designated Pinelands Area, which includes portions of Burlington County, along with areas in Atlantic, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester and Ocean counties.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 3,381
1810 3,445 1.9%
1820 3,977 15.4%
1830 4,239 6.6%
1840 5,060 19.4%
1850 3,067 −39.4%
1860 3,145 2.5%
1870 3,351 6.6%
1880 1,602 −52.2%
1890 1,501 −6.3%
1900 1,429 −4.8%
1910 1,408 −1.5%
1920 1,284 −8.8%
1930 1,694 31.9%
1940 1,655 −2.3%
1950 2,121 28.2%
1960 4,548 114.4%
1970 13,477 196.3%
1980 21,508 59.6%
1990 35,309 64.2%
2000 42,275 19.7%
2010 45,538 7.7%
2019 (est.) 45,188 −0.8%
Population sources: 1800-2000
1800-1920 1840 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010
*= Lost territory in previous decade.

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 45,538 people, 17,620 households, and 12,316 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,555.1 per square mile (600.4/km2). There were 18,303 housing units at an average density of 625.0 per square mile (241.3/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 86.98% (39,609) White, 4.19% (1,910) Black or African American, 0.12% (54) Native American, 6.16% (2,804) Asian, 0.02% (9) Pacific Islander, 0.78% (357) from other races, and 1.75% (795) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.39% (1,542) of the population.

There were 17,620 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.1% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the township, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.5 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 87.9 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $88,980 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,687) and the median family income was $104,784 (+/- $3,519). Males had a median income of $73,801 (+/- $3,907) versus $50,667 (+/- $3,039) for females. The township's per capita income was $39,910 (+/- $1,464). About 1.5% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.5% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

2021-08-30 17 02 13 View east along New Jersey State Route 70 from the overpass for New Jersey State Route 73 in Evesham Township, Burlington County, New Jersey
Route 70 eastbound at Route 73 in Evesham Township

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had 183.43 miles (295.20 km) of roadways, of which 159.35 miles (256.45 km) were maintained by the municipality, 15.28 miles (24.59 km) by Burlington County and 8.80 miles (14.16 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Evesham Township was the location of the Marlton Circle, which served as the junction of Route 70 and Route 73. In 2011, the circle, which handled 90,000 vehicles a day and was the site of as many as 175 accidents a year, was replaced by a grade-separated interchange that allows Route 73 to pass over Route 70.

Public transportation

NJ Transit provides bus service in the township on the 406 route that runs between Berlin and Philadelphia.

The Atco station, in Waterford Township just south of the township's border, provides New Jersey Transit train service to the 30th Street Station in Philadelphia and the Atlantic City Rail Terminal in Atlantic City on the Atlantic City Line.

Education

The Evesham Township School District serves students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of eight schools, had an enrollment of 4,440 students and 355.1 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.5:1. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Helen L. Beeler Elementary School with 592 students in grades K-5, Frances S. DeMasi Elementary School with 272 students in grades K-5, Robert B. Jaggard Elementary School with 440 students in grades K-5, Marlton Elementary School with 438 students in grades K-5, Richard L. Rice Elementary School with 555 students in grades PreK-5, J. Harold Van Zant Elementary School with 513 students in grades K-5, Frances S. DeMasi Middle School with 774 students in grades 6-8 and Marlton Middle School with 825 students in grades 6–8. Florence V. Evans Elementary School, which served grades K-5, was closed in June 2017, in the wake of a decline of enrollment in the district.

Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Cherokee High School, which opened a 210,000-square-foot (20,000 m2) addition in September 2001. As of the 2018–19 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 2,144 students and 177.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.1:1. The high school is part of the Lenape Regional High School District, which also serves students from Medford Lakes, Medford Township, Mount Laurel Township, Shamong Township, Southampton Township, Tabernacle Township and Woodland Township.

Students from Evesham Township, and from all of Burlington County, are eligible to attend the Burlington County Institute of Technology, a countywide public school district that serves the vocational and technical education needs of students at the high school and post-secondary level at its campuses in Medford and Westampton Township.

Private schools include St. Joan of Arc School, a Catholic school established in 1965 that serves students in preschool through eighth grade. The school operates under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton.

Notable people

See also (related category): People from Evesham Township, New Jersey

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Evesham Township include:

  • Dawn Marie Addiego (born 1962), member of the New Jersey Senate since 2010 who served on the Evesham Township Council from 1993 to 2000.
  • Shawn Andrews (born 1982), offensive lineman for the New York Giants, formerly played for the Philadelphia Eagles.
  • Brian Baldinger (born 1960), former NFL offensive tackle and current Fox Sports commentator.
  • Esther E. Baldwin (1840-1910), missionary, teacher and writer.
  • Jay Black (born 1976), stand-up comic and screenwriter.
  • Braille (stage name of Bryan Winchester, born 1981), rapper.
  • Christopher J. Brown (born 1971), member of the New Jersey General Assembly.
  • Sheldon Brown (born 1979), defensive back for the Philadelphia Eagles and the Cleveland Browns.
  • Anthony Caruso (born 1966), entrepreneur.
  • Mike Devlin (born 1969), former NFL offensive lineman who has been an assistant coach with the New York Jets.
  • Joshua Evans (1731–1798), Quaker minister, journalist and abolitionist.
  • Christina Grimmie (1994–2016), YouTube musician and season 6 contestant on The Voice.
  • Ashley Harder (born 1986), winner of the Miss New Jersey USA 2007 title.
  • Brian Herzlinger (born 1976), film director and star of My Date with Drew.
  • LeRoy Homer Jr., (1965–2001), co-pilot of United Airlines Flight 93 who was killed in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.
  • Joe Howarth (born 1955), politician who has represented the 8th Legislative District in the New Jersey General Assembly since 2016.
  • John Inskeep (1757–1834), Mayor of Philadelphia from 1800 to 1801, and from 1805 to 1806.
  • Pam Jenoff (born 1971, class of 1989), author of Quill award-nominated The Kommandant's Girl.
  • Andy Kim (born 1982), representative of New Jersey's 3rd congressional district.
  • Tom Knight (born 1974), former NFL cornerback.
  • Pelle Lindbergh (1959–1985), former goaltender for the Philadelphia Flyers.
  • LeSean McCoy (born 1988), running back with the Buffalo Bills.
  • Jody McDonald (born 1959), sports radio talk show host on WTEL 610 and also on WFAN 660.
  • Brit Morgan (born 1987), actress who has portrayed Debbie Pelt in the HBO series True Blood.
  • Blaine Neal (born 1978), former Major League Baseball relief pitcher.
  • Dennis Norman (born 1980), football player.
  • Jessica O'Rourke (born 1986), professional soccer player.
  • Jerry Penacoli (born 1956), actor, former newscaster, current correspondent on Extra.
  • Mike Quick (born 1959), former wide receiver and current color commentator for the Philadelphia Eagles.
  • Raymond Rizzo (born 1992), pro-gamer, three-time Pokémon Video Game World Champion and first American to win the Pokémon Video Game World Championship.
  • Sav Rocca (born 1973), punter for the Washington Redskins, formerly played for the Philadelphia Eagles.
  • Maria Rodriguez-Gregg (born 1981), member of the New Jersey General Assembly.
  • Richard Ruccolo (born 1972), actor who has appeared in Two Guys and a Girl and Rita Rocks.
  • Chris Therien (born 1971), former defenseman for the Philadelphia Flyers and Dallas Stars. Currently works as a color commentator for the Philadelphia Flyers.
  • Carl Truscott (born 1957), former Director of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives.
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