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Fauna of Maine facts for kids

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The fauna of Maine include several diverse land and aquatic animal species, especially those common to the North Atlantic Ocean and deciduous forests of North America. Some of these creatures' habitats has been reduced or fully removed.


Even-toed ungulates


The deer of Maine include the moose, caribou, and the white-tailed deer.

Wading moose


Large baleen whales

The large baleen whales of Maine include the blue whale, Bryde’s whale, finback whale, humpback whale, minke whale, northern right whale, and the sei whale

Large toothed whales

The large toothed whales of Maine include the beluga, beaked whale, false killer whale, grampus, killer whale, northern bottlenose whale, pygmy sperm whale, short-finned pilot whale, sperm whale, and the long-finned pilot whale.

Dolphins and porpoises


The rodents of Maine include the North American deermouse, white-footed deermouse, meadow jumping mouse, woodland jumping mouse, meadow vole, southern red-backed vole, rock vole, woodland vole, southern bog lemming, northern bog lemming

Hares, pikas, and rabbits


The rabbits of Maine include the New England cottontail, and the eastern cottontail.


The hares of Maine include the snowshoe hare.


The carnivores of Maine include the red fox, gray fox, bobcat, Canadian lynx, gray wolf, eastern cougar, and the American black bear.

Black Bear


The bats of Maine include the eastern pipistrelle, big brown bat, little brown bat, eastern small-footed myotis, northern myotis, eastern red bat, hoary bat, and the silver-haired bat.



The apes of Maine include the human.

Other small mammals

Other small mammals of Maine include species of several different families. These include the following: hairy-tailed mole, star-nosed mole, water shrew, smoky shrew, long-tailed shrew, pygmy shrew, cinereus shrew, and the northern short-tailed shrew.


The various species of weasels include: northern river otter, American mink, long-tailed weasel, ermine or short-tailed weasel, fisher (in New England is known as a fisher cat), and the American marten (Known as pine marten in some areas of New England even though the pine marten is a separate species.).

Other mammals

Ondatra zibethicus FWS

The mammals not included in the text above are the white-tailed deer, moose, woodland caribou, red squirrel, eastern gray squirrel, eastern chipmunk, woodchuck, northern raccoon, Virginia opossum, striped skunk, North American porcupine, common muskrat, eastern cottontail, New England cottontail, and the American beaver.


Of the many birds in Maine, a small fraction of them are the bald eagle, peregrine falcon, great horned owl, barn owl, barred owl, long-eared owl, great gray owl, northern saw-whet owl, common nighthawk, whip-poor-will, chimney swift, common loon, pied-billed grebe, horned grebe, red-necked grebe, northern fulmar, greater shearwater, sooty shearwater, manx shearwater, Wilson's storm-petrel, Leach's storm-petrel, piping plover, American pipit, Arctic tern, Atlantic puffin, black tern, harlequin duck, razorbill, black-capped chickadee, indigo bunting, scarlet tanager, mallard, wood duck, American black duck, Canada goose, American goldfinch, tufted titmouse, mourning dove, northern goshawk, golden eagle, sharp-shinned hawk, Cooper's hawk, northern harrier, and red-tailed hawk.

Other vertebrates

Others include the leatherback turtle and the Atlantic salmon.


There are 92 species of terrestrial gastropods in Maine.

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