Garnet facts for kids
|The general formula X3Y2(SiO4)3|
|Color||virtually all colors, blue very rare|
|Crystal habit||Rhombic dodecahedron or cubic|
|Fracture||conchoidal to uneven|
|Mohs scale hardness||6.5–7.5|
|Luster||vitreous to resinous|
|Polish luster||vitreous to subadamantine|
|Optical properties||Single refractive, often anomalous double refractive|
|Other characteristics||variable magnetic attraction|
A garnet // is one kind of silicate mineral. There are many different kinds of garnets, containing different metals. Crystals of garnet are often large and pretty. Their most common color is red or purple, but they can be found in almost all colors and are often used in jewelry. Garnet is the birthstone for people born in the month of January.
Images for kids
Grossular on display at the U.S. National Museum of Natural History. The green gem at right is a type of grossular known as tsavorite.
c. 8th century AD, Anglo-Saxon sword hilt fitting – gold with gemstone inlay of garnet cloisonné. From the Staffordshire Hoard, found in 2009, and not fully cleaned.
Garnet Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.