Greenwood County, South Carolina facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Greenwood County, South Carolina
Seal of Greenwood County, South Carolina
Map
Map of South Carolina highlighting Greenwood County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the USA highlighting South Carolina
South Carolina's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1897
Seat Greenwood
Largest City Greenwood
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

463 sq mi (1,199 km²)
455 sq mi (1,178 km²)
8.2 sq mi (21 km²), 1.8%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

69,661
153/sq mi (59/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.co.greenwood.sc.us

Greenwood County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, its population was 69,661. Its county seat is Greenwood.

Greenwood County is included in the Greenwood, SC Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC Combined Statistical Area.

History

Greenwood County was formed in 1897 from portions of Abbeville and Edgefield counties, which had originally been part of the old Ninety-Six District. It was named for its county seat, Greenwood. This had been named around 1824 after a plantation owned by John McGehee, an early resident. The area was developed largely for cotton plantations and was dependent on slave labor. It has continued to be agricultural in the 21st century.

Greenwood County was the site of the November 1898 Phoenix Election riot.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 463 square miles (1,200 km2), of which 455 square miles (1,180 km2) is land and 8.2 square miles (21 km2) (1.8%) is water. Greenwood County is in the Savannah River basin and the Saluda River basin.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • US 25.svg US 25
  • US 178.svg US 178
  • Business plate.svg
    US 178.svg US 178 Bus.
  • US 221.svg US 221
  • South Carolina 10.svg SC 10
  • South Carolina 34.svg SC 34
  • South Carolina 72.svg SC 72
  • South Carolina 702.svg SC 702
  • South Carolina 246.svg SC 246
  • South Carolina 248.svg SC 248
  • South Carolina 252.svg SC 252

National protected areas

  • Ninety Six National Historic Site
  • Sumter National Forest (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 28,343
1910 34,225 20.8%
1920 35,791 4.6%
1930 36,078 0.8%
1940 40,083 11.1%
1950 41,628 3.9%
1960 44,346 6.5%
1970 49,686 12.0%
1980 57,847 16.4%
1990 59,567 3.0%
2000 66,271 11.3%
2010 69,661 5.1%
Est. 2015 69,838 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 66,271 people, 25,729 households, and 17,753 families residing in the county. The population density was 146 people per square mile (56/km²). There were 28,243 housing units at an average density of 62 per square mile (24/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.57% White, 31.74% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.03% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 2.87% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 25,729 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.70% were married couples living together, 16.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.00% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 10.40% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 88.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,702, and the median income for a family was $42,022. Males had a median income of $30,759 versus $23,820 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,446. About 9.90% of families and 14.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.70% of those under age 18 and 14.10% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 69,661 people, 27,547 households, and 18,438 families residing in the county. The population density was 153.2 inhabitants per square mile (59.2/km2). There were 31,054 housing units at an average density of 68.3 per square mile (26.4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 62.9% white, 31.4% black or African American, 0.8% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 3.5% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 17.8% were American, 8.7% were English, 8.2% were Irish, and 8.0% were German.

Of the 27,547 households, 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.1% were non-families, and 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age was 37.9 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,797 and the median income for a family was $49,785. Males had a median income of $36,806 versus $29,327 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,728. About 12.8% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

City

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities


Greenwood County, South Carolina Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.