Hamburg, New York facts for kids
|Hamburg, New York|
|Motto: The Town That Friendship Built|
Location of Hamburg in Erie County and New York
|• Total||41.4 sq mi (107.1 km2)|
|• Land||41.3 sq mi (107.0 km2)|
|• Water||0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||732 ft (223 m)|
|• Density||1,378/sq mi (532.0/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0952086|
Hamburg is a town in Erie County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 56,936. It is named after the city of Hamburg, in Germany. The town is on the western border of the county and is south of Buffalo. Hamburg is one of the Southtowns in Erie County. The villages of Hamburg and Blasdell are in the town.
Historical evidence shows that the area was settled originally by the Erie people. Around 1805 the settlement was known as "Barkerville", named after Zenas Barker, the postmaster. On the site of this building today is the Dock at the Bay. The first landowner in the area was John Cummings, who built the first grist mill in 1806.
The town of Hamburg was formed by government decree on March 20, 1812, from the (now defunct) town of Willink. The first town meeting took place on April 7, 1812, at Jacob Wright's tavern at Wright's Corners, which was renamed Abbott's Corners, and now Armor. One of the early noted activities of the town board in that same year was to place a $5 bounty on wolf hides, due to the complaints of the local settlers who were being bothered by them.
In 1815, mail routes were established. The earliest settlers in the area were from New England. Germans started arriving in the 1830s and set up many successful farms. On November 29, 1824, a meeting was held in Abbott's Corners at the home of early settler Seth Abbott. At a vote of those present, agreement was reached to form a library with the sum of $102.
By 1850, the town was reduced by the formation of the towns of Orchard Park and West Seneca. Around 1852, the Erie Railroad was built through the area. In 1868 the Erie County Fair came to the town and has been located there since then. In 1875 the weekly publication of the Erie County Independent began. This is now known as The Sun. Telephone service in the area started in 1886.
The village of Hamburg set itself off from the town in 1874 by incorporating as a village.
In 1897, a group of women known as the Nineteenth Century Club started a permanent free public library, known as the Hamburg Free Library. Until 1901 it was located in various rented buildings. The Hamburg Free Library was moved into a Carnegie library on Center Street on November 8, 1915, where it remained until 1966 when the current library at 102 Buffalo Street was opened.
In 1898, the community of Blasdell set itself apart from the town by incorporating as a village.
A trolley car system was established in the early 1900s.
In 2003, Joe Haptas, a spokesman for the animal rights group People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), sent a letter to then-Town Supervisor Patrick Hoak and asked that the name of Hamburg be changed to "Veggieburg". PETA offered the Hamburg Central School District $15,000 worth of free veggie burgers as an incentive for the name change. Hoak declined the name change.
In July 2012, Main Street in the village of Hamburg from Lake Street to Buffalo Street was granted state approval for nomination as a national historic district.
According to the United States Census Bureau, 41.4 square miles (107.1 km2), of which 41.3 square miles (107.0 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.07 km2), or 0.07%, is water.
Lake Erie forms the western border of the town, and Eighteen Mile Creek forms the southern boundary.
Communities and locations
- Amsdell Heights – A hamlet in the western part of the town inland from Wanakah.
- Armor – A hamlet northeast of Hamburg village on the border of the town of Orchard Park. This community was originally called "Wright's Corners" and later "Abbott's Corners."
- Athol Springs – A lakeside hamlet on the west side of the town.
- Big Tree – A location near the intersection of US-20 and US-20A.
- Blasdell – The village of Blasdell is at the northern border of the town.
- Bethford – A location on the border of West Seneca and Orchard Park directly behind the McKinley Mall.
- Carnegie – A location northwest of Hamburg village on NY-75.
- Clifton Heights – A lakeside hamlet on the Lake Erie shore.
- Eighteen Mile Creek – A stream that forms part of the south border of the town and empties into Lake Erie south of Walden Cliffs.
- Eighteen Mile Creek County Park – An undeveloped park on the south town line.
- Hamburg - The village of Hamburg is in the southeast corner of the town.
- Hamburg Airport (4G2) – A small general aviation airport on the south town line.
- Hamburg Fairgrounds – The location of the Erie County Fair every August and other events throughout the year. Buffalo Raceway is inside the fairgrounds. The fairgrounds are on Route 62 north of Hamburg village.
- Hampton Brook Woods Wildlife Management Area – A conservation area by Eighteen Mile Creek.
- Lake View – A hamlet in the southwest corner of the town inland from Walden Cliffs and site of the Gatling Land Boom of 1893.
- Locksley Park – A location by Lake Erie south of Athol Springs.
- Mount Vernon – A lakeside community in the west part of the town.
- Pinehurst – A lakeside hamlet on the Lake Erie shore.
- Roundtree – A development south of Athol Springs and north of Carnegie.
- Scranton – A location bordering the north side of Hamburg village.
- Wanakah – A lakeside hamlet in the western part of the town.
- Walden Cliffs – A lakeside hamlet in the southwest corner of the town named after Ebenezer Walden, a prominent western New York citizen and once mayor of Buffalo.
- Water Valley – A hamlet south of Hamburg village on the south side of Eighteen Mile Creek, located on Routes 62 and 75.
- Weyer – A location east of Pinehurst.
- Windom – A community on the eastern border of the town.
- Woodlawn – A hamlet in the northwest part of the town.
- Woodlawn Beach State Park – a park on the shore of Lake Erie.
Hamburg experiences a continental climate (Köppen Dfb), heavily influenced by lake-effect snow from Lake Erie.
|Historical Population Figures|
As of the census of 2000, there were 56,259 people, 21,999 households, and 15,157 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,362.7 people per square mile (526.1/km²). There were 22,833 housing units at an average density of 553.1 per square mile (213.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.93% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.56% of the population.
There were 21,999 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the town, the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $47,888, and the median income for a family was $56,974. Males had a median income of $41,440 versus $27,602 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,943. About 3.2% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.
Arts and culture
The Erie County Fair is situated on a 275-acre (111 ha) plot of land near the village of Hamburg. The fair, operated by Strates Shows, runs for twelve days in August and is the third-largest county fair in the United States.
Parks and recreation
The Seaway Trail, a National Scenic Byway, travels through Hamburg on New York Route 5, along the Lake Erie shoreline. The Lake Erie Seaway Trail Center, a seasonal visitors information center with exhibits and public waterfront access, is located in Hamburg.
Woodlawn Beach State Park, located on the shore of Lake Erie, was opened as a state park in 1996, and has been operated since 2011 by the town of Hamburg under a ten-year agreement with New York State.
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