Hermiston, Oregon facts for kids

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Hermiston, Oregon
City
Historic business district of Hermiston
Historic business district of Hermiston
Motto: "Where life is sweet."
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Country United States
State Oregon
County Umatilla
Incorporated 1907
Area
 • Total 7.81 sq mi (20.23 km2)
 • Land 7.81 sq mi (20.23 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 643 ft (196 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 16,745
 • Estimate (2016) 17,730
 • Density 2,144.0/sq mi (827.8/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97838
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-33700
GNIS feature ID 1167708
Website hermiston.or.us

Hermiston is a city in Umatilla County, Oregon, United States. The population of 17,730 makes it the largest city in Eastern Oregon. Hermiston is the largest, and fastest-growing, city in the Hermiston-Pendleton Micropolitan Statistical Area, a micropolitan area that had a combined population of 87,062 at the 2010 census. Hermiston sits near the junction of I-82 and I-84, & is 7 miles south of the Columbia River, Lake Wallula, and the McNary Dam. The Hermiston area has become a transportation and logistics hub due to the proximity of the I-82 and I-84 interchange, and central location between the major Pacific Northwest metropolitan areas. The city is also known for its watermelons, which are part of its branding.

History

The historic inhabitants of the area were the indigenous Umatilla, Cayuse, Walla Walla, and Columbia Indians, descendants of peoples who lived in this area for thousands of years. The earliest European settlers were Catholic missionaries who established a mission near Pendleton in 1847. The territorial government organized Umatilla County in 1862 from the larger Wasco County. On July 10, 1907, the town of Hermiston was incorporated. Robert Louis Stevenson's novel, "The Weir of Hermiston", inspired the name.

Parks

Riverfront Park & Umatilla River
Riverfront Park features open grassy space, and access to more than 2 miles of paved walking trails.

The City of Hermiston Parks Department maintains 10 parks, 13 landscape areas, and 100 plus acres for the enjoyment of the community. In addition to the developed parks, the Department also has 50 additional acres planned for future development. Recent major enhancements include the additions of Riverfront Park, the Oxbow Trail, and continual additions to the Hermiston Family Aquatic Center. Riverfront Park features 16 acres of open grassy areas alongside the Umatilla River, as well as nearly a mile of paved walking paths, playground equipment, picnic shelters, restrooms, and fishing access. A 1.8 mile paved walking path, named the Oxbow Trail, was added in 2015 to connect Riverfront Park with the north side of town near Good Shepherd Medical Center. The Trail winds through protected wetland area for nearly the entirety of its length and also connects to Harrison Park.

Geography

Hatrock
Hat Rock, located on the Columbia River near Hermiston, was one of the first landmarks of the area noted by Lewis and Clark in their journals.
Hermiston Butte
The Hermiston Butte features several easy hiking trails accessible from Butte Park, the Hermiston Family Aquatic Center, and Good Shepherd Medical Center

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.81 square miles (20.23 km2), all land.

Distance to major cities:

Hermiston's recent population growth is due to its proximity to large cities in the Pacific Northwest and its location along two major freeways.

Climate

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Hermiston has a steppe climate (Köppen BSk).

Climate data for Hermiston
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 77
(25)
75
(23.9)
84
(28.9)
96
(35.6)
102
(38.9)
108
(42.2)
112
(44.4)
113
(45)
102
(38.9)
92
(33.3)
79
(26.1)
83
(28.3)
113
(45)
Average high °F (°C) 39.9
(4.39)
47.6
(8.67)
58.3
(14.61)
66.9
(19.39)
75.2
(24)
82.5
(28.06)
90.4
(32.44)
88.7
(31.5)
79.7
(26.5)
66.8
(19.33)
50.8
(10.44)
41.8
(5.44)
65.7
(18.72)
Average low °F (°C) 23.6
(-4.67)
27.8
(-2.33)
32.9
(0.5)
38.8
(3.78)
45.6
(7.56)
52.4
(11.33)
57.1
(13.94)
55.2
(12.89)
47
(8.3)
37.9
(3.28)
31.1
(-0.5)
26.5
(-3.06)
39.7
(4.28)
Record low °F (°C) -35
(-37.2)
-29
(-33.9)
6
(-14.4)
14
(-10)
22
(-5.6)
32
(0)
38
(3.3)
35
(1.7)
21
(-6.1)
6
(-14.4)
-12
(-24.4)
-37
(-38.3)
-37
(-38.3)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.22
(31)
0.9
(23)
0.76
(19.3)
0.67
(17)
0.65
(16.5)
0.59
(15)
0.19
(4.8)
0.28
(7.1)
0.44
(11.2)
0.72
(18.3)
1.2
(30)
1.22
(31)
8.85
(224.8)
Snowfall inches (cm) 5
(13)
2.4
(6.1)
0.2
(0.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.2
(3)
2.4
(6.1)
11.2
(28.4)
Avg. precipitation days 10 9 7 6 5 5 2 2 4 6 10 11 77

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 647
1920 647 0.0%
1930 608 −6.0%
1940 803 32.1%
1950 3,804 373.7%
1960 4,402 15.7%
1970 4,893 11.2%
1980 9,408 92.3%
1990 10,040 6.7%
2000 13,154 31.0%
2010 16,745 27.3%
Est. 2016 17,730 5.9%
Sources:

2016 Portland State University Population Estimates

The Population Research Center at Portland State University provides annual official population estimates to the State of Oregon. Hermiston's certified population estimate as of July 1, 2016 was 17,730, which is an increase of nearly 1,000 residents since the 2010 Census.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 16,745 people, 6,050 households, and 4,184 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,144.0 inhabitants per square mile (827.8/km2). There were 6,373 housing units at an average density of 816.0 per square mile (315.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.2% White, 0.8% African American, 1.3% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 19.0% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 34.9% of the population.

There were 6,050 households of which 42.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.8% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.28.

The median age in the city was 30.9 years. 31.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.3% were from 25 to 44; 20.8% were from 45 to 64; and 11% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.4% male and 50.6% female.

Transportation

395 Water Tower
US Highway 395 entering Hermiston
Wal-Mart DC
Wal-Mart's 1.2 million Square Foot Northwest Distribution Center in Hermiston.

Interstate & Highway

Hermiston benefits from being near the exact center of the Pacific Northwest, and at the crossroads of several major interstate highways. Drivers can easily access all four major Northwest metropolitan areas in just a half-day's drive. Portland is less than 3 hours to the West, and drivers can also reach Spokane in less than 3 hours to the east, while Seattle and Boise are both approximately 4 hours away to the northwest and southeast, respectively. Highways serving Hermiston include Interstate 84 and U.S. Route 30, both of which run east–west, U.S. Route 395, which runs north-south, and Interstate 82, which has its southern terminus near Hermiston and continues north to Ellensburg, Washington.

Major transportation-related businesses in Hermiston include Wal-Mart's Northwest Distribution Center, and both FedEx and United Parcel Service (UPS) have freight distribution facilities in Hermiston.

Rail

Hermiston is on the La Grande Subdivision of the Union Pacific Railroad, constructed originally through the area in the 1870s as the Oregon Railroad and Navigation Company. Railroad facilities include the Hinkle Locomotive Service and Repair Facility and "hump yard" located just outside the city.

Airports

Hermiston Municipal Airport is a city-owned airport serving General Aviation pilots, corporate jet traffic, agricultural operations, and cargo operations. There are currently no commercial flights out of Hermiston.

Tri-Cities Airport is located approximately 40 minutes north of Hermiston, and offers commercial flights to Seattle, Salt Lake City, Denver, Minneapolis, Las Vegas, Portland, San Francisco, and Phoenix. In 2014, due to strong growth in demand, the Port of Pasco approved a $42 million renovation and expansion, that will double the size of the current terminal.

Annual events

  • Columbia Motor Speedway Park, 38-mile (0.6 km) paved oval stock car track, races almost every Saturday from late April through the end of September every year.
  • Farm City Pro Rodeo, annual rodeo held in August
  • Umatilla County Fair

Hermiston Education Foundation Beach & Beef Dinner Auction 1st Saturday in February.

Images for kids


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