Kohima facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Kohima
Capital city
Kohima War Cemetery, Kohima, Nagaland (89).jpeg Kohima State Museum.jpeg
Mary Help of Christians Cathedral Kohima.jpg
(clockwise from top) Kohima War Cemetery; Kohima State Museum; Mary Help of Christians Cathedral
Country  India
State Nagaland
District Kohima
Area
 • Total 20 km2 (8 sq mi)
Elevation 1,444 m (4,738 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 115,283
 • Density 5,800/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official English
Website kohima.nic.in

Kohima is the hilly capital city of India's north eastern state of Nagaland. With a resident population of 99,039 it is the second largest city in the state.

Originally known as Kewhira, it was founded in 1878 when the British Empire established its headquarters of the then Naga Hills. The town was the site of the Battle of Kohima, one of the few World War II battles on Indian soil. It officially became the capital after the state of Nagaland was inaugurated in 1963.

Kohima was originally known as Kewhira. The name, Kohima, was officially given by the British as they could not pronounce the Angami name of Kewhira (Tenyidie for "the land where the flower Kewhi grows"). It is called after the wild flowering plant Kewhi, found in the mountains. Most local people prefer to use 'Kewhira'.

Hornbill Festival

Hornbill Festival, Pix by Vikramjit Kakati
Nagas of Nagaland, India rehearsing their traditional dance during the Hornbill Festival

The Hornbill Festival was launched in December 2000 to encourage inter-tribal interaction and to promote the cultural heritage of the state. Organized by the State Tourism and Art and Culture Departments, Hornbill Festival showcases cultural displays under one roof. The festival takes place between the 1st and 10 December every year.

The week-long Hornbill Festival is held at Kisama Heritage Village, Kisama. All the tribes of Nagaland take part in this festival. The aim of the festival is to revive and protect the rich culture of Nagaland and display its traditions. The festival is named after the hornbill, which is mentioned in the folklore of most of the state’s tribes.

Greater Indian Hornbill
Greater Indian Hornbill

People enjoy the colourful performances, exhibitions and sale of arts and crafts, food stalls, herbal medicine stalls, flower shows and sales, food and beverage stalls-showcasing the tribes beverages in dragons sized wooden casks. Cultural medley - songs and dances, fashion shows, beauty contest, archery, Naga wrestling, indigenous games and musical concerts.

Additional attractions include Konyak fire eating demonstration, pork fat eating competitions, literature fest, Hornbill Global Film Fest, Hornbill Ball, Choral Panorama, North East India Drum Ensemble, Naga King Chilly eating competition, Hornbill National Rock Contest, Hornbill International Motor Rally and WW-II Vintage Car Rally.

Images for kids


Kohima Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.