L'Aquila facts for kids
It is a very old town, full of beautiful buildings and churches. It has a University.
Emperor Frederick II founded this town. He told the people of 99 villages to move in the new town. Frederick's son, Conrad IV of Germany finished the town in 1254. When Conrad died, his brother Manfred destroyed the town in 1259. Charles I of Anjou, king of Sicily, built it again soon.
It became soon the second city of the kingdom of Naples.
The city of L'Aquila had much power because the 99 original villages helped it. Each village owned a borough (a small part of the town) and the borough was a part of the mother-village. That is also why the number 99 is so important in the history of L'Aquila.
The people also built a very peculiar monument, the Fountain of the 99 Spouts (Fontana delle 99 Cannelle).
After a few years L'Aquila became an important point of communication between cities in and out of the kingdom.
To thank the town, Celestine V decided that every year on that day every Christian who went to L'Aquila would be pardoned for his sins (bad actions). This is called Perdonanza, and it still happens every year on August 28 and 29. The Perdonanza is similar to the Jubilee Year, but arrived earlier.
Saint Bernardino of Siena visited L'Aquila two times. The first time he came to preach to King René of Naples. In 1444 he died in the city.
Another earthquake damaged again the city in 1703.
The city is the home of L'Aquila Rugby. This team won the Italian championship five times.
L'Aquila is twinned with these cities:
- Germany - Rottweil
- Canada - York
- Spain - Cuenca
- Australia - Hobart
- Poland - Zielona Gora
- Italy - Bernalda
- Romania - Bistriţa
- Lebanon - Baalbeck
Images for kids
The local prefecture (a government office) damaged by the earthquake.
L'Aquila Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.