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Ludovic Lazarus Zamenhof
Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof, 1908
Leyzer Leyvi Zamengov

(1859-12-15)December 15, 1859
Died April 14, 1917(1917-04-14) (aged 57)
Nationality Polish
Known for Creator of Esperanto
Zamenhof subskribo.svg

Ludovic Lazarus Zamenhof (December 15, 1859 – April 14, 1917) was an eye doctor, linguist, and scholar who created the international language Esperanto.

Zamenhof was born in 1859 in the town of Białystok, Poland. At the time, Poland was a part of the Russian Empire. Bialystok contained three major groups: Poles, Belorussians, and Yiddish-speaking Jews. Zamenhof thought that one common language would join these groups and stop fights between them.

His first language was said to be Polish. His parents spoke Russian and Yiddish in the home. His father was a German teacher, so Zamenhof learned that language from an early age and spoke the language fluently. Later he learned French, Latin, Greek, Hebrew and English. He also had an interest in Italian, Spanish and Lithuanian.

Zamenhof decided that the international language must have a simple grammar and be easier to learn than Volapük, an earlier international language. He attempted to create the international language with a grammar that was rich, and complex. The basics of Esperanto were published in 1887.

His grandson, Louis-Christophe Zaleski-Zamenhof, has lived in France since the 1960s.

He was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize 14 times, between 1907 and 1917.

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