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List of English flags facts for kids

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List of British flags
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
English flags
Northern Irish flags
Scottish flags
Welsh flags
Royal Standards

This is a list of English flags, including symbolic national and sub-national flags, standards and banners used exclusively in England.

The College of Arms is the authority on the flying of flags in England and maintains the only official register of flags. It was established in 1484 and as part of the Royal Household operates under the authority of The Crown. A separate private body called the Flag Institute, financed by its own membership, also maintains a registry of United Kingdom flags that it styles 'the UK Flag Registry', though this has no official status under English law.

Certain classes of flag enjoy a special status within English planning law and can be flown without needing planning permission as advertisements. These include any country’s national flag, civil ensign or civil air ensign; the flag of the Commonwealth, the European Union, the United Nations or any other international organisation of which the United Kingdom is a member; a flag of any island, county, district, borough, burgh, parish, city, town or village within the United Kingdom; the flag of the Black Country, East Anglia, Wessex, any Part of Lincolnshire, any Riding of Yorkshire or any historic county within the United Kingdom; the flag of St David; the flag of St Patrick; the flag of any administrative area within any country outside the United Kingdom; any flag of Her Majesty’s Forces; and the Armed Forces Day flag.

National flag

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg From c. 1801 in present form De jure flag of the United Kingdom, used by HM Government in England
Amalgamation of St George's Cross, St Andrew's Saltire and St Patrick's Saltire.
Flag of England.svg From c. 1245 De facto Flag of England
(also known as the St George's Cross)
A centred red cross on a white background, 3:5.

Royal Standards

Flag Date Use Description
Royal Standard of the United Kingdom.svg 1837 The Royal Standard of the United Kingdom. It is the banner of Queen Elizabeth II in her capacity as Queen of the United Kingdom. Split into quadrants, the first and fourth quadrants contain three gold lions passant on a red field (representing England and Wales); the second quadrant contains a red lion rampant on a gold field (representing Scotland); the third quadrant contains a gold harp on a blue field (representing Ireland).
Flag of the Duke of Cornwall.svg Standard of the Duke of Cornwall 15 golden circles forming a triangle on a black field
Flag of the Duchy of Lancaster.svg Standard of the Duchy of Lancaster The Royal Banner of England, with a three-point label, each containing three fleurs-de-lis
Lord Warden Cinque Ports (Lord Boyce).svg 1305 Standard of the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports A banner of the Lord's coat of arms featuring three Lions passant guardant con-joined to these hulls, all in gold


Flag Date Use Description
Compassrose Flag.svg 1954 Flag of the Anglican Communion A dark blue background with the symbol of the Anglican Communion (a compass rose surmounted by a bishop's mitre; in the centre is a cross of St George). The Greek motto, Ἡ ἀλήθεια ἐλευθερώσει ὑμᾶς ("The truth will set you free") is a quotation from John 8:32.
Standard of Westminster Abbey.svg Flag of Westminster Abbey Tudor arms between Tudor roses, above Edward the Confessor's arms

Historic counties

Flag Date Use Description
Bedfordshire County Flag.svg Traditional Flag of Bedfordshire Traditional county flag.
Flag of Buckinghamshire.svg Traditional Flag of Buckinghamshire Traditional county flag. A field party per pale of black and red with a white swan.
Cambridgeshire Flag.svg 1 February 2015 Flag of Cambridgeshire The three gold crowns represent East Anglia, with wavy light blue lines representing the river Cam in the colours of Cambridge University on a dark blue background.
Flag of Cornwall.svg early 19th century Saint Piran's Flag, the Flag of Cornwall
A white cross on a black field, 3:5.
Cumberland flag.svg 19 September 1950 The Flag of Cumberland Design based on the arms of the former Cumberland County Council.
Derbyshire flag.svg 22 September 2006 Flag of Derbyshire
A green cross with a white border on a sky blue field, with a gold Tudor rose in the centre, 3:5.
Flag of Devon.svg 23 July 2002 Flag of Devon, alias St Petroc's Cross
A white cross with a black border on a green field, 3:5.
Saint Wite's Cross.svg 16 September 2008 Flag of Dorset – The Dorset Cross, aka St Wite's Cross
A white cross with a red border on a gold field, 3:5.
County Durham Flag.svg 21 November 2013 Flag of County Durham A gold and blue horizontal bicolour with St Cuthbert's Cross countercharged upon it, 3:5.
Flag of Essex.svg Ancient Flag of Essex
A red field with three white, gold hilted Saxon swords or Seaxes.
Severn Cross.svg March 2008 Flag of Gloucestershire – The Severn Cross
A mid-blue cross, outlined in cream, against an apple green background – the winning entry in a competition to commemorate the county's millennium.
County Flag of Hertfordshire.svg November 2008 Flag of Hertfordshire Against eight blue and white wavy lines, representing the county's rivers, a gold shield bearing a resting deer or hart.
Flag of Huntingdonshire.svg 25 June 2009 Flag of Huntingdonshire On a green background, a gold, ribboned hunting horn – a flag displayed on the crest of the district council (and former county council) arms
Kent flag.svg 1605 Flag of Kent
A red field with a white horse in the centre, 3:5.
Lancashire County Flag.svg Modern form since 2008 Flag of Lancashire
The Red Rose of Lancashire on a yellow field (originally a white field)
Flag of Lincolnshire.svg 24 October 2005 Flag of Lincolnshire
A red cross with yellow trimming on a blue and green field, and a yellow fleur de lys in the middle of the cross.
Flag of Middlesex.svg 1909 Flag of Middlesex A red field with three white, gold hilted Saxon swords or Seaxes under a gold Saxon crown.
Flag of Norfolk.svg 11 September 2014 Flag of Norfolk Ermine bend from top left to bottom right on a gold and black field.
Flag of Northamptonshire.svg 11 September 2014 Flag of Northamptonshire A gold cross with a black border on a maroon field with a rose in the centre.
Flag of Northumberland.svg 7th century (modern form 1951) Flag of Northumberland Historical flag readopted in 1951 and used officially by the county council, with use permitted to local people. Flies in more than 200 locations across the county. Eight yellow rectangles on a red field, note that the canton (top corner nearest the flagpole) should be gold.
County Flag of Nottinghamshire.svg 20 May 2011 Flag of Nottinghamshire The inescutcheon represents Robin Hood
Proposed Flag of Oxfordshire.jpg 20 May 2011 Flag of Oxfordshire – Saint Frideswide Cross A white cross on a blue and green field.
Rutland County Flag.svg 17 November 2015 Flag of Rutland A green field semée of acorns with a golden horseshoe in the centre
Flag of Shropshire.svg March 2012 Flag of Shropshire The leopards' faces, fondly referred to as "loggerheads" locally, are a traditional emblem for Shropshire and have historically evolved from the loggerheads on the Shrewsbury town arms. The erminois aspect differentiates the county flag with that of its county town.
Somerset Flag.svg July 2013 County Flag of Somerset A red dragon rampant on a gold field, from a longstanding local badge; the winning entry in a competition.
Staffordshire Flag.svg 28 March 2016 County Flag of Staffordshire A red chevron on a gold field, with a gold Stafford knot, the county's longstanding symbol. All elements are taken from the de Stafford coat of arms. Designed by the Staffordshire Heritage Group and chosen by the Flag Institute over the county council's own flag after a public vote.
Surrey.svg September 2014 County Flag of Surrey Chequey Or and Azure; a traditional design derived from a personal coat of arms that are first recorded in the 11th Century.
Flag of Sussex.svg 20 May 2011 County flag of Sussex Six gold martlets on blue are the traditional arms of Sussex
Flag of Warwickshire.svg August 2016 Flag of Warwickshire The traditional bear and ragged staff badge, shown white on red: the badge is from that of the Earls of Warwick
Flag of Westmorland.svg 30 September 2011 Flag of Westmorland A golden heraldic apple tree on white and red bars
County Flag of Wiltshire.svg 5 June 2007 Flag of Wiltshire Alternating stripes of green and white represent the grassy downs of the county and their chalk underlay. The colours can represent hope, joy and safety (green) and peace (white). In the centre, the male great bustard is depicted in gold on a solid green circle to represent the open grassland. The circle is bordered in six sections alternating green and white representing the stone circles of Stonehenge and Avebury in the county. The six portions also represent the six surrounding counties of Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire, Berkshire, Hampshire, Dorset and Somerset.
Flag of Worcestershire.svg Flag of Worcestershire Black pears appear in the arms of the City of Worcester, and as such have long been considered a county badge, reportedly dating back to the battle of Agincourt. The county flag was established by a competition in 2013.
FlagOfYorkshire.svg 1965 or earlier County flag of Yorkshire The White Rose of Yorkshire (the traditional county emblem) on a blue field.


Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Isle of Portland.gif 14 April 2010 Flag of the Isle of Portland The colours represent the landscape of the area: Portland stone, grass and the sea. The white tower represents the castles and the naval coronet shows the long connection with the Royal Navy.
ScillonianCross.svg February 2002 Flag of the Isles of Scilly The Scillonian Cross – A white cross on an orange upper field and blue lower field with five white stars in the upper right quarter, 3:5.
Flag of the Isle of Wight.svg January 2009 Flag of the Isle of Wight A white lozenge with an upper indent or "pile" on a light blue background, over six wavy stripes of blue and white.

Historic kingdoms and regions

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of East Anglia.svg 1900s Flag of East Anglia
The arms ascribed to the Wuffingas dynasty of East Anglia, three crowns on a blue shield, superimposed on a St George's Cross, 3:5.
Flag of Mercia (2014).svg 13th Century Flag of Mercia A gold saltire on a blue field (Cross of St Alban); the traditional flag of the Kingdom of Mercia, still flown on Tamworth Castle.
Flag of Northumbria.svg 7th century Flag of Northumbria The oldest flag in England. Historical flag of Kingdom of Northumbria.
FlagOfWessex.svg Flag of Wessex A gold wyvern on a red field.

Historical flags

Royal standards

Flag Date Use Description
Royal Banner of England.svg 1198 – 1340 Royal Banner of King Richard I Gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or armed and langued Azure, meaning three identical gold lions with blue tongues and claws, walking and facing the observer, arranged in a column on a red background. It forms the first and fourth quarters of the Royal Standard of the United Kingdom
Royal Standard of England (1406-1340).svg 1340 – 1406 Royal Banner of King Edward III The Coat of Arms of England quartered with the Royal Standard of France, the Fleur-de-lis representing the English claim to the French throne.
Royal Standard of England (1406-1603).svg 1406 – 1603 Royal Banner of King Henry IV The French quartering has been altered to three fleurs-de-lys.
Royal Standard of Great Britain (1603-1649).svg 1603 – 1689,
1702 – 1707
Royal Standard of the House of Stuart, used first by King James VI/I A banner of the Royal Coat of Arms of James I, first and fourth quarters representing England and the English claim to the French throne, second quarter representing Scotland, third quarter representing Ireland. This was the last royal banner of the Kingdom of England.

National flags and ensigns

Flag Date Use Description
Dragon banner - Harold Rex interfectus est.jpg
Anglo-Saxon era A dragon (known later in heraldry as a wyvern) which appears twice in the death scene of King Harold II on the Bayeux Tapestry depicting the Battle of Hastings in 1066.
English Red Ensign 1620.svg 1620–1707 English Red Ensign A red ensign with the Flag of England in the canton
English White Ensign 1620.svg 1620–1707 English White Ensign A white ensign with the Flag of England in the canton
English Blue Ensign 1620.svg 1620–1707 English Blue Ensign A blue ensign with the Flag of England in the canton
Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg 1606–1801 First Union Flag The first Union Flag (also known as the King's Colours) with the Cross of St George placed upon the Flag of Scotland

Nationalist flags

Flag Date Use Description
White Dragon Flag of England.svg
White dragon flag A symbol associated in Welsh mythology with the Anglo-Saxons. Also related to the wyverns depicted on the Bayeux Tapestry.
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