Major County, Oklahoma facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Major County, Oklahoma
Map
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Major County
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Map of the USA highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1907
Seat Fairview
Largest City Fairview
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

958 sq mi (2,481 km²)
955 sq mi (2,473 km²)
3.0 sq mi (8 km²), 0.3%
PopulationEst.
 - (2013)
 - Density

7,683
7.9/sq mi (3/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Major County is a county located in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,527. Its county seat is Fairview. The county was created in 1907.

Located in northwestern Oklahoma, Major County is bounded by Woods and Alfalfa counties in the north, Garfield County on the east, Kingfisher, Blaine and Dewey on the south, and Woodward on the west, Major County has 957.87 square miles of land and water. It is drained by the North Canadian and Cimarron rivers and the Eagle Chief, Griever, and Sand creeks.

History

Upon statehood in 1907, Major County was created from southern part of a territorial county. Fairview, which had been settled following the Land Run of 1893, was designated the county seat and voters reaffirmed the choice on December 22, 1908. The county's commissioners rented office space until a brick courthouse was constructed. A second courthouse, made of stone, was erected in 1928.

Named for John Charles Major, a representative to the state's 1906 Constitutional Convention, the area was originally settled by large numbers of Kansas Mennonites. One county town, Meno, received its name from an early leader of the Mennonite movement, Menno Simons.

The county experienced "Black Sunday" dust storms on April 14, 1935.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 958 square miles (2,480 km2), of which 955 square miles (2,470 km2) is land and 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2) (0.3%) is water.

Eagle Chief Creek, which empties into the Cimarron River near Cleo Springs, was known to the Cheyenne people as Maheonekamax.

There is a large gypsum formation extending across much of western Oklahoma, and the Ames Structure, which is buried under 3,000 meters of sand and soil and is possibly the result of a meteorite impact.

The town of Ringwood is a well known producer of watermelons in the region and holds a Watermelon Festival annually.

Major highways

  • US 60.svg U.S. Highway 60
  • US 281.svg U.S. Highway 281
  • US 412.svg U.S. Highway 412
  • Oklahoma State Highway 8.svg State Highway 8
  • Oklahoma State Highway 58.svg State Highway 58

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 15,248
1920 12,426 −18.5%
1930 12,206 −1.8%
1940 11,946 −2.1%
1950 10,279 −14.0%
1960 7,808 −24.0%
1970 7,529 −3.6%
1980 8,772 16.5%
1990 8,055 −8.2%
2000 7,545 −6.3%
2010 7,527 −0.2%
Est. 2015 7,771 3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013
USA Major County, Oklahoma age pyramid
Age pyramid for Major County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,545 people, 3,046 households, and 2,208 families residing in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 3,540 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1/km²). Nearly all of the county's residents (94.96 percent) were listed as white and 94.7 percent spoke English. Most of the remaining residents were listed as Hispanic or Latino (4.02 percent) who spoke Spanish (4.1 percent), Native American (.9 percent), or mixed (1.44 percent). A small group (1 percent) spoke German as their first language.

Of the 3,046 households in 2000, 31 percent had children under the age of 18, 63.7 percent belonged to married couples, 6 percent were run by a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5 percent were non-families. A quarter of the households were made up of individuals and 13.5 percent had someone living alone who was 65 year of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.92.

The median age of the county's residents in 2000 was 42 years. The population was spread out with 24.7 percent under the age of 18, 6.7 percent age 18 to 24, 24.4 percent age 25 to 44, 24.9 percent age 45 to 64, and 19.4 percent who were 65 years of age or older. Women and girls slightly outnumber males, with 95.4 males for every 100 females and 91.5 males for every 100 females 18 and over.

The median income for a household in the county in 2000 was $30,949, and the median income for a family was $36,888. Males had a median income of $28,078 versus $17,658 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,272. About 9.3 percent of families and 12 percent of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.1 percent of those under age 18 and 9.3 percent of those age 65 or over.

Communities

City

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated places

NRHP sites

The following sites in Major County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

  • Major County Courthouse, Fairview
  • First United Methodist Church, Fairview


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