Murphys Creek, Queensland facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsMurphys Creek
Murphys Creek railway station, 2011
|Population||629 (2016 census)|
|• Density||13.077/km2 (33.87/sq mi)|
|Area||48.1 km2 (18.6 sq mi)|
|Time zone||AEST (UTC+10:00)|
|LGA(s)||Lockyer Valley Region|
Murphys Creek developed as a railway town on the line between the regional city of Toowoomba and settlements to the east, including Helidon, Ipswich and Brisbane. The locality was originally known as Murphy's Waterhole and Fingal. A railway station in the town was opened in 1867, as a part of the Ipswich-Toowoomba segment of the Southern and Western Railway. Based at the foot of the Great Dividing Range, the station and water tank were intended to provide water and services for steam locomotives about to embark on the difficult journey up the steep slopes of the Toowoomba range. The station was named for a creek that ran through the area, that was in turn named for a shepherd who had built a hut in the area around 1864. A correspondent for the Brisbane Courier newspaper around this time described the site as a "feeding place for the engines" travelling to and from Toowoomba.
Murphy's Creek Post Office opened on 18 May 1868 and closed in 1987.
A small town, originally named Fingal, quickly sprang up around the station. The township had grown such an extent that by 1877 tenders had been called for the construction of a booking office and passenger platform at the station. These improvements were completed by 1878. However, in 1887 a fire at the station destroyed the lamp room and ladies' waiting room. In 1917 the station ceased to be used as a watering station for trains travelling up the range, with watering stations being provided elsewhere on the line (although a 40,000 litre emergency water tank was constructed at the station in 1921 for emergency purposes).
The township was officially renamed from Fingal to Murphys Creek on 17 January 1924.
The need to maintain the Murphys Creek railway station diminished in the second half of the 20th century with the introduction of the diesel-electric locomotive. These new trains were capable of climbing the steep slopes west of Murphys Creek without the requirement for attached locomotives. Steam operations had ceased completely on the line by the mid 1960s, and the station was finally closed in 1992, with the installation of computerised signalling systems removing the last justification for the continued existence of the station. The station buildings were sold to the local progress association in 1993, and the water tank was reassigned to be used as emergency water storage for the township, as well as for use watering the occasional steam heritage trains that periodically ran from Brisbane to Toowoomba.
A man and a boy died and many buildings in the town were damaged during the 2010–11 Queensland floods when flash flooding affected the area on 10 January 2011.
Murphys Creek has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Odin Street: Murphys Creek Railway Complex
- Railway Corridor from the end of Murphy's Creek Station to Ruthven Street overbridge, Harlaxton: Main Range Railway
- Toowoomba - Helidon Line: Lockyer Creek Railway Bridge
In the 2011 census, the town was recorded as having a population of 664 persons, living in 150 occupied dwellings. The median age of the population was 38 years, all of whom reported speaking English primarily at home. 65% of the population of the town were born in Australia, 4.2% in England, 1.3% in Zimbabwe, with the remainder being born in New Zealand, the Philippines or the United States of America.
Murphy's Creek State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 49 Murphys Creek School Road (). In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 52 students with 6 teachers (4 full-time equivalent) and 9 non-teaching staff (5 full-time equivalent).
Images for kids
Murphys Creek, Queensland Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.