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Newnan, Georgia
City
Official seal of Newnan, Georgia
Seal
Motto: City of Homes
Location in Coweta County and the state of Georgia
Location in Coweta County and the state of Georgia
Country United States
State Georgia
County Coweta
Incorporated (city) December 20, 1828
Area
 • Total 18.6 sq mi (48.3 km2)
 • Land 18.3 sq mi (47.4 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)
Elevation 971 ft (296 m)
Population (2015)
 • Total 41,109
 • Density 1,804/sq mi (696.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 770, 678
FIPS code 13-55020
GNIS feature ID 0332499

Newnan is a city in Metro Atlanta and the county seat of Coweta County, Georgia, about 40 miles (64 km) southwest of Atlanta. The population was 41,109 at the 2010 census, up from 16,242 at the 2000 census, for a growth rate of 153.1% over that decade.

History

Coweta County Courthouse
Coweta County Courthouse

Newnan was established as county seat of Coweta County (replacing the defunct town of Bullsboro) in 1828 and was named for North Carolinian General Daniel Newnan. It quickly became a prosperous magnet for lawyers, doctors, other professionals, and merchants. Much of Newnan's prosperity was due to its thriving cotton industry, which relied on slavery.

Newnan was largely untouched by the Civil War due to its status as a hospital city (for Confederate troops), and as a result still features much antebellum architecture. Celebrated architect Kennon Perry designed many of the town's 20th century homes. During the Atlanta Campaign, Confederate cavalry defeated Union forces at the nearby Battle of Brown's Mill.

The city is home to one of the few Georgia counties with a museum that focuses mainly on African American history. The Coweta County African American Heritage Museum and Research Center, or Caswell House, was opened in July 2003 in a donated mill village house once owned by Ruby Caswell. The museum sits on Farmer Street on an old, unmarked, slave cemetery. It has collected hundreds of family genealogical records by interviewing residents and going through the census records. The museum also houses the Coweta Census Indexes from 1870 to 1920.

The first black library in the county was the Sara Fisher Brown Library. Built in the 1950s, the library has since been converted into the Community Action For Improvement Center.

The Farmer Street Cemetery is the largest slave cemetery in the South, and may be the largest undisturbed one in the nation. It is within the city limits of Newnan.

Geography

Heart of Newnan Motel, 25 LaGrange Street, Newnan, Georgia (8368126226)
"Heart of Newnan Motel", postcard from the 1960s

Newnan is located in the center of Coweta County at 33°22′35″N 84°47′19″W / 33.37639°N 84.78861°W / 33.37639; -84.78861 (33.376411, -84.788648). U.S. Route 29 passes through the center of the city, leading northeast 13 miles (21 km) to Palmetto and south 7 miles (11 km) to Moreland. Interstate 85 passes through the eastern side of the city, with access from exits 41 and 47, and leads northeast 40 miles (64 km) to downtown Atlanta and southwest 125 miles (201 km) to Montgomery, Alabama. U.S. Route 27A leads northwest from the center of Newnan 22 miles (35 km) to Carrollton.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Newnan has a total area of 18.6 square miles (48.3 km2), of which 18.3 square miles (47.4 km2) is land and 0.35 square miles (0.9 km2), or 1.88%, is water.

Climate

Climate data for Newnan, Georgia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 52
(11.1)
58
(14.4)
65
(18.3)
73
(22.8)
80
(26.7)
86
(30)
89
(31.7)
88
(31.1)
83
(28.3)
73
(22.8)
64
(17.8)
55
(12.8)
72.2
(22.31)
Average low °F (°C) 31
(-0.6)
33
(0.6)
40
(4.4)
47
(8.3)
56
(13.3)
64
(17.8)
68
(20)
67
(19.4)
62
(16.7)
49
(9.4)
41
(5)
33
(0.6)
49.3
(9.58)
Precipitation inches (mm) 5.49
(139.4)
5.14
(130.6)
5.95
(151.1)
4.17
(105.9)
4.37
(111)
3.99
(101.3)
4.66
(118.4)
4.00
(101.6)
3.24
(82.3)
2.86
(72.6)
4.18
(106.2)
4.27
(108.5)
52.32
(1,328.9)
Snowfall inches (cm) 0.8
(2)
0.5
(1.3)
0.4
(1)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.5)
2
(5.1)
Source: The Weather Channel

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2,546
1870 1,917 −24.7%
1880 2,006 4.6%
1890 2,859 42.5%
1900 3,654 27.8%
1910 5,548 51.8%
1920 7,037 26.8%
1930 6,386 −9.3%
1940 7,182 12.5%
1950 8,218 14.4%
1960 12,169 48.1%
1970 11,205 −7.9%
1980 11,449 2.2%
1990 12,497 9.2%
2000 16,242 30.0%
2010 33,039 103.4%
Est. 2015 37,291 12.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

Newnan’s population is approximately 33,039 and Coweta County’s population is approximately 127,400. From 2000- 2010, the population of city of Newnan grew by 42.7% as compared to 1990-2000, when the county grew by 65.7%. Growth: Newnan grew by 30% from 1990-2000 and in 2000-2010 was 103.4%

Climate: The climate is moderate with an average temperature of 64.3 degrees Fahrenheit (45.8 degrees in the winter and 79.1 degrees in the summer). The annual rainfall is 51.84 inches.

The racial makeup of the city was 57.8% White Alone, 30.6% African American Alone, 0.3% Native American Alone, 2.8% Asian Alone, 0.1% Pacific Islander Alone, 5.6% from Some Other Race Alone, and 2.8% from Two or More Races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.4% of the population. There were 13,783 households out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.17. In the city, the population was spread out with 30.8% under the age of 19, 7.8% from 20 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.3 years.

The median income for a household in the city was $50,175 and the median income for a family was $64,615. Males had a median income of $50,753 versus $39,691 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,081. About 17.3% of families and 22.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.0% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over. Sources: American Factfinder, ESRI

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