Norton County, Kansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Coordinates: 39°48′N 99°55′W / 39.8°N 99.917°W / 39.8; -99.917

Norton County, Kansas
Map

Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the USA highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded February 26, 1867
Seat Norton
Largest City Norton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

881 sq mi (2,282 km²)
878 sq mi (2,274 km²)
3.2 sq mi (8 km²), 0.4%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

5,671
6.5/sq mi (3/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Orloff Norton

Norton County (standard abbreviation: NT) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 5,671. The largest city and county seat is Norton. The county was established in 1867 and named for Orloff Norton, captain of Company L, 15th Kansas Militia Infantry Regiment.

History

Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. Norton County was founded by Noah H. Billings, Thomas Beaumont, Henry Gordon, P. Hansen, and George Cole on August 22, 1872. In 1878 Norton became the county seat. The county gets its name for Civil War soldier Orloff Norton, who was killed at Cane Hill, Arkansas in 1864.

The first county fair, although not official, was held in Leota in October, 1878. After 1900 the fair was held yearly in Elmwood Park in Norton. The first school district was formed in Norton in 1872. School was held in a dugout beginning December 1, 1873.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 881 square miles (2,280 km2), of which 878 square miles (2,270 km2) is land and 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2) (0.4%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

USA Norton County, Kansas age pyramid
Age pyramid
Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 6,998
1890 10,617 51.7%
1900 11,325 6.7%
1910 11,614 2.6%
1920 11,423 −1.6%
1930 11,701 2.4%
1940 9,831 −16.0%
1950 8,808 −10.4%
1960 8,035 −8.8%
1970 7,279 −9.4%
1980 6,689 −8.1%
1990 5,947 −11.1%
2000 5,953 0.1%
2010 5,671 −4.7%
Est. 2015 5,550 −2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2000 US census, there were 5,953 people, 2,266 households, and 1,470 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 2,673 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.35% White, 4.05% Black or African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.02% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. 2.37% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,266 households out of which 28.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.50% were married couples living together, 7.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.10% were non-families. 32.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.00% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 19.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 122.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 122.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,050, and the median income for a family was $37,036. Males had a median income of $25,983 versus $20,381 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,835. About 6.10% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.70% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Norton Co, Ks, USA
2005 KDOT Map of Norton County (map legend)

Cities

Townships

Norton County is divided into four townships. The city of Norton is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size. The 2010 census shows the area of the former Harrison-District 6 as combined into that of Almena-District 4.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Almena-District 4 01450 614 2 (6) 278 (107) 0 (0) 0% 39°53′10″N 99°41′2″W / 39.88611°N 99.68389°W / 39.88611; -99.68389
Center-District 1 12260 1,382 2 (5) 654 (253) 0 (0) 0.08% 39°53′43″N 99°57′2″W / 39.89528°N 99.95056°W / 39.89528; -99.95056
Harrison-District 6 (defunct) 30460 12 0 (0) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°56′54″N 99°48′25″W / 39.94833°N 99.80694°W / 39.94833; -99.80694
Highland-District 2 32060 737 1 (3) 748 (289) 9 (3) 1.13% 39°41′24″N 100°1′49″W / 39.69°N 100.03028°W / 39.69; -100.03028
Solomon-District 3 66410 196 0 (1) 496 (192) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°40′38″N 99°45′56″W / 39.67722°N 99.76556°W / 39.67722; -99.76556

Norton County, Kansas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.