Opa-locka, Florida facts for kids
|City of Opa-locka, Florida
Opa-locka City Hall
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
U.S. Census Bureau map showing city limits
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporated||May 14, 1926|
|• City||11.6 km2 (4.5 sq mi)|
|• Land||11.2 km2 (4.3 sq mi)|
|• Water||0.4 km2 (0.1 sq mi) 3.13%|
|• Density||1,365.2/km2 (3,535.8/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||305, 786|
Opa-locka is a city located in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the population was 15,219. The city was developed by Glenn Curtiss. Developed based on a One Thousand and One Nights theme, Opa-locka has the largest collection of Moorish Revival architecture in the Western hemisphere, and streets with such names as Sabur Lane, Sultan Avenue, Ali Baba Avenue, Perviz Avenue, and Sesame Street. Opa-locka has an area of 4.2 square miles (11 km2) and is located in the northeastern area of Miami-Dade County, Florida.
The name Opa-locka is an abbreviation of a Seminole place name, spelled Opa-tisha-wocka-locka. The original name probably signified a wooded hammock in a swamp.
Opa-locka was founded by aviation pioneer Glenn Curtiss in 1926. Curtiss developed the city with a Moorish architecture theme. While the 1926 Miami hurricane badly damaged the city and brought the Florida land boom to a halt, several Moorish-style buildings survived. Twenty of the original Moorish Revival architecture buildings have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places as part of the Opa-locka Thematic Resource Area.
Amelia Earhart launched her historic trip around the world from Miami Municipal Airport, just south of Opa-locka. The famous German dirigible Graf Zeppelin visited Naval Air Station Miami, which later became Opa-locka Airport, as a regular stop on its Germany-Brazil-United States-Germany scheduled route.
The city was the first community in the United States to commemorate the first African-American President of the United States. A mile-long section of Perviz Avenue — from Oriental Boulevard to Ali Baba Avenue — was renamed Barack Obama Avenue on February 17, 2009.
In addition to the unique buildings, Opa-locka has a large general aviation airport, three parks, two lakes and a railroad station which is currently the tri-rail station. The city is a mixture of residential, commercial and industrial zones. The city was the backdrop for the making of movies such as "Living Dreams", Texas Justice, Bad Boys II and 2 Fast 2 Furious.
On June 1, 2016, Florida Governor Rick Scott issued Executive Order Number 16-135, declaring the City of Opa-Locka to be in a state of "Financial Emergency" under Florida Statute Section 218.503. According to the Executive Order:
- The Opa-Locka City Commission had met on the same day, requesting that the governor declare the financial emergency.
- The state and the City of Opa-Locka were to execute a State and Local Agreement of Cooperation, which binds the city's actions.
- The government would appoint a Financial Emergency Board.
On the same day, the Miami Herald reported that "Millions of dollars are in arrears as the city teeters on the edge of bankruptcy" and "City officials remain under an FBI corruption investigation" The article also reported that this financial emergency was the second declared for the city since 2002.
Just over a week earlier, Opa-Locka Commissioner Terence Pinder, apparently drove his SUV into a tree at high speed, which killed him. He was scheduled to turn himself over to prosecutors the next day, having faced bribery charges.
On June 10, Governor Scott named the Financial Emergency Board, consisting of:
- Melinda Miguel – Florida Chief Inspector General, Executive Office of Governor Rick Scott
- Christian Weiss – Policy Coordinator, Executive Office of Governor Rick Scott
- Kim Mills – Director of Auditing, Florida Housing Finance Corporation
- Andrew Collins – Chief of Financial Monitoring and Accountability, Florida Department of Economic Opportunity
- Angela Knecht – Program Administrator, Florida Department of Environmental Protection
- Marie Walker – Director of Auditing, Florida Department of Revenue
- J.D. Patterson, Jr. – Former Director of the Miami-Dade Police Department (Retired)
- Vernita Nelson – Assistant City Manager, City of Miami Gardens
- Frank Rollason – City Manager, North Bay Village
Opa-locka is located at.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.5 square miles (12 km2). 4.3 square miles (11 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (3.13%) is water.
- Miami Gardens
- Unincorporated Miami-Dade County Golden Glades
- Unincorporated Miami-Dade County Golden Glades
- Hialeah North Miami
- Hialeah, Westview
|2010 Census||Opa-locka||Miami-Dade County||Florida|
|Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010||+1.8%||+10.8%||+17.6%|
|Population density||3,535.8/sq mi||1,315.5/sq mi||350.6/sq mi|
|White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic)||27.7%||73.8%||75.0%|
|(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian)||2.1%||15.4%||57.9%|
|Black or African-American||65.8%||18.9%||16.0%|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||35.3%||65.0%||22.5%|
|Native American or Native Alaskan||0.2%||0.2%||0.4%|
|Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian||0.2%||0.0%||0.1%|
|Two or more races (Multiracial)||2.1%||2.4%||2.5%|
|Some Other Race||3.8%||3.2%||3.6%|
As of 2010, there were 5,966 households out of which 14.8% were vacant. In 2000, 41.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.4% were married couples living together, 35.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.7% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.52.
In 2000, the city's population is spread out with 34.6% under the age of 18, 12.3% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 85.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.1 males.
In 2000, $25,000 was the median income for a family. Males had a median income of $22,347 versus $19,270 for females. The per capita income for the city is approximately $15,000. About 31.5% of families and 35.2% of the population are below the poverty line, including 42.3% of those under age 18 and 40.8% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2000, Opa-locka had the forty-sixth highest percentage of Cuban residents in the US, with 9.58% of its populace. It had the forty-ninth highest percentage of Dominican residents in the US, at 2.59% of the city's population, and the fifty-second highest percentage of Haitian residents in the US, at 2.90% of the its population (tied with four other areas, including Palm Springs, Florida). It also had the forty-third most Jamaicans in the US, at 3.00% (tied with Margate,) while it had the nineteenth highest percentage of Nicaraguans, at 2.22% of all residents.
The Opa-locka Branch library is one of the 49 branches included within the Miami-Dade Public Library System. This branch is open to the public on weekdays offering an After School Club and Storytime for children.
Opa-locka had 30 houses of worship in 1996. During that year, Oscar Musibay of the Miami New Times said, "Like South Beach has hotels, Opa-locka has churches."
Opa-locka is served by Opa-locka Executive Airport, owned and operated by the Miami-Dade County Aviation Department.
Additionally, Opa-locka is served by Miami-Dade Transit buses and by Tri-Rail via the Opa-locka Station.
In popular culture
- Opa-locka is featured in the landmark 1969 documentary film Salesman, by the Maysles Brothers.
- In 1970, Mary Ann Vecchio a teenage runaway from Opa-locka, was in Kent, Ohio on the day of the Kent State shootings on May 4, 1970. The image of Vecchio, kneeling by the body of a slain Kent State student, taken by Pittsburgh Tribune-Review freelancer John Filo, later won a Pulitzer Prize.
- An instrumental song on Hawkwind's 1975 album Warrior on the Edge of Time is named "Opa-Loka", but any connection to the town is unclear. The song eventually had lyrics added to it on a later album (PXR5) and morphed into "Uncle Sam's on Mars".
- In the 1991 film Soapdish, the leading character played by Kevin Kline is a down-and-out actor reduced to drunkenly performing the role of Willy Loman in Death of a Salesman at the fictitious "Opa-Locka Dinner Theater."
- Opa-locka is mentioned in the 1995 action movie The Substitute by a black student who is being disciplined by Tom Berenger.
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Opa-locka, Florida Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.