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Ottawa County, Kansas facts for kids

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Coordinates: 39°08′N 97°40′W / 39.133°N 97.667°W / 39.133; -97.667

Ottawa County, Kansas
Map
Map of Kansas highlighting Ottawa County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the USA highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded February 27, 1860
Seat Minneapolis
Largest City Minneapolis
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

721 sq mi (1,867 km²)
721 sq mi (1,867 km²)
0.6 sq mi (2 km²), 0.08%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

6,091
8.5/sq mi (3/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Odawa tribe

Ottawa County (standard abbreviation: OT) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 6,091. The largest city and county seat is Minneapolis.

History

Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1860, Ottawa County was established.

20th century

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, Ottawa County remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 2006, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 721 square miles (1,870 km2), of which 721 square miles (1,870 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (0.08%) is water.

Features

The Solomon River is the longest river in the county, entering from Cloud County to the northwest and exiting to Saline County to the southeast. The Saline River traverses the southwestern portion of the county, going from Lincoln County to Saline County.

The largest lake is Ottawa State Fishing Lake, a 111-acre (0.45 km2) reservoir to the east of Minneapolis. It is managed by the Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 2,127
1880 10,307 384.6%
1890 12,581 22.1%
1900 11,182 −11.1%
1910 11,811 5.6%
1920 10,714 −9.3%
1930 9,819 −8.4%
1940 9,224 −6.1%
1950 7,265 −21.2%
1960 6,779 −6.7%
1970 6,183 −8.8%
1980 5,971 −3.4%
1990 5,634 −5.6%
2000 6,163 9.4%
2010 6,091 −1.2%
Est. 2015 5,975 −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013
USA Ottawa County, Kansas age pyramid
Age pyramid

Ottawa County is part of the Salina, KS Micropolitan Statistical Area.

As of the census of 2000, there were 6,163 people, 2,430 households, and 1,718 families residing in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 2,755 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.53% White, 0.54% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 1.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,430 households out of which 31.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.40% were married couples living together, 6.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 17.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,009, and the median income for a family was $46,033. Males had a median income of $30,761 versus $21,380 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,663. About 5.10% of families and 8.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.80% of those under age 18 and 11.70% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Ottawa Co, Ks, USA
2005 KDOT Map of Ottawa County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Ottawa County is divided into twenty townships. The city of Minneapolis is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Bennington 06100 1,116 10 (27) 109 (42) 0 (0) 0.11% 39°0′31″N 97°36′20″W / 39.00861°N 97.60556°W / 39.00861; -97.60556
Blaine 07150 111 1 (3) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.07% 39°10′7″N 97°39′50″W / 39.16861°N 97.66389°W / 39.16861; -97.66389
Buckeye 08975 101 1 (3) 78 (30) 0 (0) 0.13% 39°0′4″N 97°31′20″W / 39.00111°N 97.52222°W / 39.00111; -97.52222
Center 11975 72 1 (2) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.17% 39°6′53″N 97°44′39″W / 39.11472°N 97.74417°W / 39.11472; -97.74417
Chapman 12575 67 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°16′47″N 97°24′53″W / 39.27972°N 97.41472°W / 39.27972; -97.41472
Concord 15175 209 2 (6) 90 (35) 0 (0) 0.08% 39°5′9″N 97°39′37″W / 39.08583°N 97.66028°W / 39.08583; -97.66028
Culver 16725 318 3 (9) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.08% 38°59′40″N 97°46′14″W / 38.99444°N 97.77056°W / 38.99444; -97.77056
Durham 19075 25 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°9′57″N 97°24′54″W / 39.16583°N 97.415°W / 39.16583; -97.415
Fountain 24075 190 2 (5) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°10′6″N 97°53′1″W / 39.16833°N 97.88361°W / 39.16833; -97.88361
Garfield 25725 95 1 (3) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.11% 39°10′37″N 97°45′5″W / 39.17694°N 97.75139°W / 39.17694; -97.75139
Grant 27900 93 1 (3) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°9′53″N 97°33′14″W / 39.16472°N 97.55389°W / 39.16472; -97.55389
Henry 31325 22 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.14% 39°6′18″N 97°53′6″W / 39.105°N 97.885°W / 39.105; -97.885
Lincoln 40950 143 2 (4) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.10% 38°59′31″N 97°26′13″W / 38.99194°N 97.43694°W / 38.99194; -97.43694
Logan 42050 82 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.10% 39°15′4″N 97°38′29″W / 39.25111°N 97.64139°W / 39.25111; -97.64139
Morton 48500 498 5 (14) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.14% 39°0′32″N 97°52′23″W / 39.00889°N 97.87306°W / 39.00889; -97.87306
Ottawa 53600 49 1 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°4′1″N 97°26′11″W / 39.06694°N 97.43639°W / 39.06694; -97.43639
Richland 59500 218 2 (6) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.51% 39°5′45″N 97°32′53″W / 39.09583°N 97.54806°W / 39.09583; -97.54806
Sheridan 64725 589 6 (16) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.06% 39°16′3″N 97°46′2″W / 39.2675°N 97.76722°W / 39.2675; -97.76722
Sherman 65025 67 1 (2) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°16′1″N 97°32′27″W / 39.26694°N 97.54083°W / 39.26694; -97.54083
Stanton 67950 52 1 (1) 95 (37) 0 (0) 0.27% 39°15′21″N 97°52′45″W / 39.25583°N 97.87917°W / 39.25583; -97.87917

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