kids encyclopedia robot

Saline County, Kansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Coordinates: 38°47′N 97°40′W / 38.783°N 97.667°W / 38.783; -97.667

Saline County, Kansas
Map
Map of Kansas highlighting Saline County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the USA highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded February 15, 1860
Seat Salina
Largest City Salina
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

721 sq mi (1,867 km²)
720 sq mi (1,865 km²)
1.1 sq mi (3 km²), 0.2%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

55,606
77/sq mi (30/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Saline River

Saline County (standard abbreviation: SA) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 55,606. The largest city and county seat is Salina.

History

Stouffer's Railroad Map of Kansas 1915-1918 Saline County
1915 Railroad Map of Saline County

Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles.

In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per [cre. In 1848, after the Mexican-American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with Spain brought into the United States all or part of land for ten future states, including southwest Kansas. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state.

19th century

In 1860, Saline County was founded.

20th century

Saline County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement. The food sales requirement was removed with voter approval in 1994.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 721 square miles (1,870 km2), of which 720 square miles (1,900 km2) is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) (0.2%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 4,246
1880 13,808 225.2%
1890 17,442 26.3%
1900 17,076 −2.1%
1910 20,338 19.1%
1920 25,103 23.4%
1930 29,337 16.9%
1940 29,535 0.7%
1950 33,409 13.1%
1960 54,715 63.8%
1970 46,592 −14.8%
1980 48,905 5.0%
1990 49,301 0.8%
2000 53,597 8.7%
2010 55,606 3.7%
Est. 2015 55,691 0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013
USA Saline County, Kansas age pyramid
Age pyramid

Saline County is part of the Salina Micropolitan Statistical Area.

As of the census of 2000, there were 53,597 people, 21,436 households, and 14,212 families residing in the county. The population density was 74 people per square mile (29/km²). There were 22,695 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.17% White, 3.10% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 1.70% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.33% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. 6.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 21,436 households in the county, out of which 32.10% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.90% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.70% were non-families. 28.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,308, and the median income for a family was $46,362. Males had a median income of $31,509 versus $22,047 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,073. About 6.00% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.60% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Saline Co, Ks, USA
2005 KDOT Map of Saline County (map legend)

Cities

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Townships

Saline County is divided into eighteen townships. The city of Salina is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Cambria 10100 New Cambria 450 5 (13) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.16% 38°54′3″N 97°31′44″W / 38.90083°N 97.52889°W / 38.90083; -97.52889
Dayton 17125 134 1 (4) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.08% 38°55′0″N 97°25′18″W / 38.916667°N 97.42167°W / 38.916667; -97.42167
Elm Creek 20650 828 9 (23) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.39% 38°54′8″N 97°38′55″W / 38.90222°N 97.64861°W / 38.90222; -97.64861
Eureka 21925 Gypsum 664 7 (18) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.05% 38°43′20″N 97°25′36″W / 38.72222°N 97.42667°W / 38.72222; -97.42667
Falun 22925 260 1 (4) 186 (72) 0 (0) 0.26% 38°39′26″N 97°47′14″W / 38.65722°N 97.78722°W / 38.65722; -97.78722
Glendale 26475 104 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.30% 38°53′57″N 97°52′33″W / 38.89917°N 97.87583°W / 38.89917; -97.87583
Greeley 28375 809 10 (26) 79 (31) 0 (0) 0.09% 38°50′21″N 97°32′35″W / 38.83917°N 97.54306°W / 38.83917; -97.54306
Gypsum 29275 193 2 (5) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.01% 38°39′35″N 97°25′22″W / 38.65972°N 97.42278°W / 38.65972; -97.42278
Liberty 40350 183 2 (5) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.44% 38°39′19″N 97°32′48″W / 38.65528°N 97.54667°W / 38.65528; -97.54667
Ohio 52425 463 5 (13) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.13% 38°49′12″N 97°45′9″W / 38.82°N 97.7525°W / 38.82; -97.7525
Pleasant Valley 56625 422 5 (12) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.43% 38°55′18″N 97°46′15″W / 38.92167°N 97.77083°W / 38.92167; -97.77083
Smoky Hill 66050 324 5 (14) 59 (23) 0 (0) 0.10% 38°50′21″N 97°39′35″W / 38.83917°N 97.65972°W / 38.83917; -97.65972
Smoky View 66075 Assaria 954 10 (27) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.06% 38°39′25″N 97°37′34″W / 38.65694°N 97.62611°W / 38.65694; -97.62611
Smolan 66125 749 9 (23) 85 (33) 0 (0) 0.15% 38°44′24″N 97°38′26″W / 38.74°N 97.64056°W / 38.74; -97.64056
Solomon 66375 311 3 (9) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.06% 38°49′56″N 97°26′14″W / 38.83222°N 97.43722°W / 38.83222; -97.43722
Spring Creek 67500 Brookville 395 2 (6) 185 (72) 1 (0) 0.38% 38°46′42″N 97°51′47″W / 38.77833°N 97.86306°W / 38.77833; -97.86306
Walnut 75125 553 6 (15) 93 (36) 1 (0) 0.79% 38°44′52″N 97°32′55″W / 38.74778°N 97.54861°W / 38.74778; -97.54861
Washington 75725 122 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.04% 38°45′4″N 97°45′10″W / 38.75111°N 97.75278°W / 38.75111; -97.75278
kids search engine
Saline County, Kansas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.