kids encyclopedia robot

Prince George of Denmark facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
George of Denmark
Duke of Cumberland
George, Prince of Denmark by Michael Dahl.jpg
Portrait by Michael Dahl, c. 1705
Consort of the British monarch
Tenure 8 March 1702 – 28 October 1708
Born (1653-04-02)2 April 1653
Copenhagen Castle, Denmark
Died 28 October 1708(1708-10-28) (aged 55)
Kensington Palace, London, England, Great Britain
Burial 13 November 1708
Westminster Abbey
Spouse
Issue
detail...
Prince William, Duke of Gloucester
House Oldenburg
Father Frederick III of Denmark
Mother Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Religion Lutheran

Prince George of Denmark and Norway, Duke of Cumberland (2 April 1653 – 28 October 1708), was the husband of Anne, Queen of Great Britain.

Life

George was born in Copenhagen Castle. His father was Frederick III, King of Denmark and Norway. His mother was Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg.

In 1674, George was a candidate to be elected King of Poland. King Louis XIV of France wanted him to be elected. George was a Lutheran, but Poland was Roman Catholic, so John Sobieski was chosen instead.

Because George was Protestant, people thought he would be a good husband for Anne, Queen of Great Britain. She was just Lady Anne at the time. George and Anne were married on 28 July 1683. The wedding was in the Chapel Royal at St James's Palace, London. The guests included King Charles II, Queen Catherine, and the Duke and Duchess of York.

When King William III died in 1702, Anne became queen.

George died on 28 October 1708. Anne lived until 1714.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Coat of Arms of George of Denmark, Duke of Cumberland
Coat of arms of Prince George, Duke of Cumberland, Knight of the Garter

Titles

  • 2 April 1653 – 10 April 1689: His Royal Highness Prince George of Denmark and Norway
  • 10 April 1689 – 28 October 1708: His Royal Highness Prince George of Denmark and Norway, Duke of Cumberland

Honours

Arms

The royal coat of arms of Denmark with a label of three points Argent, each with three Ermine points. The whole surmounted by a crown of a prince of Denmark. His crest was "out of a coronet Or, a demi-lion rampant guardant Azure, crowned of the first".

Children

Queen Anne became pregnant seventeen times. Many of the pregnancies ended in stillbirth or miscarriage. None of the children lived past childhood.

Birth Death
1 Stillborn daughter 12 May 1684
2 Mary 2 June 1685 8 February 1687
3 Anne Sophia 12 May 1686 2 February 1687
4 Miscarriage 21 January 1687
5 Stillborn son 22 October 1687
6 Miscarriage 16 April 1688
7 William, Duke of Gloucester 24 July 1689 30 July 1700
8 Mary 14 October 1690
9 George 17 April 1692
10 Stillborn daughter 23 March 1693
11 Stillborn child 21 January 1694
12 Miscarried daughter 17 or 18 February 1696
13 Miscarriage 20 September 1696
14 Miscarriage 25 March 1697
15 Miscarriage early December 1697
16 Stillborn son 15 September 1698
17 Stillborn son 24 January 1700

Ancestry

 
 
 
 
 
16. Christian III of Denmark
 
 
8. Frederick II of Denmark
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg
 
 
4. Christian IV of Denmark
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Ulrich III, Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
 
 
9. Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Elizabeth of Denmark
 
 
2. Frederick III of Denmark
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. John George, Elector of Brandenburg
 
 
10. Joachim Frederick, Elector of Brandenburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Sophie of Liegnitz
 
 
5. Anne Catherine of Brandenburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Küstrin
 
 
11. Catherine of Brandenburg-Küstrin
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Catherine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
 
1. Prince George of Denmark
 
 
 
 
 
24. Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
 
12. William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
 
 
6. George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Christian III of Denmark (=16)
 
 
13. Dorothea of Denmark
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg (=17)
 
 
3. Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. George I, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
14. Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Magdalene of Lippe
 
 
7. Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. John George, Elector of Brandenburg (=20)
 
 
15. Magdalene of Brandenburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. Elisabeth of Anhalt-Zerbst
 
  • Beatty, Michael A. (2003). The English Royal Family of America, from Jamestown to the American Revolution. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. .
  • Churchill, Winston S. (1947) [1933–34]. Marlborough: His Life and Times. London: George G. Harrop & Co.
  • Fisher, George (1832). A Genealogical Companion and Key to the History of England. Part III. Book I. London: Simpkin & Marshall.
  • Green, David (1970). Queen Anne. London: Collins. .
  • Gregg, Edward (2001). Queen Anne. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. .
  • Luttrell, Narcissus (1857). A Brief Historical Relation of State Affairs from September 1678 to April 1714. Oxford: University Press.
  • Matikkala, Antti (2008). The Orders of Knighthood and the Formation of the British Honours System 1660–1760. Rochester, New York: Boydell Press. .
  • Paget, Gerald (1977). The Lineage & Ancestry of HRH Prince Charles, Prince of Wales. London & Edinburgh: Charles Skilton. .
  • Pinches, John Harvey; Pinches, Rosemary (1974). The Royal Heraldry of England. Heraldry Today. Slough, Buckinghamshire: Hollen Street Press. .
  • Somerset, Anne (2012). Queen Anne: The Politics of Passion. London: HarperCollins. .
  • Weir, Alison (1995). Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy, Revised Edition. London: Random House. .
  • Wójcik, Zbigniew (1983). Jan Sobieski, 1629–1696. Warsaw: Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy. . (in Polish)
Prince George of Denmark
Born: 2 April 1653 Died: 28 October 1708
British royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Mary of Modena
as queen consort
Consort of the British monarch
1702–1708
Vacant
Title next held by
Caroline of Ansbach
as queen consort
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Pembroke
Lord High Admiral
1702–1708
Succeeded by
The Queen
Preceded by
The Earl of Romney
Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
1702–1708
Succeeded by
The Duke of Dorset



Images for kids

kids search engine
Prince George of Denmark Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.