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Rafael Caldera
1979. Febrero, 2. Doctorado Honoris Causa en la Universidad de Lovaina, Bélgica.jpg
President of Venezuela
In office
2 February 1994 – 2 February 1999
Preceded by Ramón José Velásquez
Succeeded by Hugo Chávez
In office
11 March 1969 – 12 March 1974
Preceded by Raúl Leoni
Succeeded by Carlos Andrés Pérez
Senator for Life
In office
12 March 1974 – 2 February 1994
In office
2 February 1999 – 20 December 1999
President of the Chamber of Deputies of the Congress of Venezuela
In office
Solicitor General of Venezuela
In office
26 October 1945 – 13 April 1946
Personal details
Rafael Antonio Caldrea Rodríguez

(1916-01-24)24 January 1916
San Felipe, Yaracuy, Venezuela
Died 24 December 2009(2009-12-24) (aged 93)
Caracas, Venezuela
Political party COPEI
National Convergence
Spouse(s) Alicia Pietri Montemayor
Alma mater Central University of Venezuela
Occupation Lawyer

Rafael Antonio Caldera Rodríguez (Spanish pronunciation: [rafaˈel anˈtonjo kalˈdeɾa roˈðɾiɣes]; 24 January 1916 – 24 December 2009), twice elected President of Venezuela, served for two five-year terms (1969-1974 and 1994-1999), becoming the longest serving democratically elected leader to govern the country in the twentieth century.

Widely acknowledged as one of the founders of Venezuela’s democratic system, the main architect of the 1961 Constitution, and a pioneer of the Christian Democratic movement in Latin America, Caldera helped forge an unprecedented period of civilian democratic rule in a country beleaguered by a history of political violence and military caudillos.

His leadership established Venezuela’s reputation as one of the more stable democracies in Latin America during the second half of the twentieth century.

After graduating with a degree in law and political science from Central University of Venezuela in 1939, Caldera embarked on a 70-year long career that combined political, intellectual and academic activities.

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