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Rawlins, Wyoming
Downtown Rawlins, looking north from I-80
Downtown Rawlins, looking north from I-80
Location of Rawlins in Carbon County, Wyoming.
Location of Rawlins in Carbon County, Wyoming.
Rawlins, Wyoming is located in the United States
Rawlins, Wyoming
Rawlins, Wyoming
Location in the United States
Country  United States
State  Wyoming
County Flag of Carbon County, Wyoming.gif Carbon
Area
 • Total 8.29 sq mi (21.46 km2)
 • Land 8.25 sq mi (21.36 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)
Elevation
6,834 ft (2,083 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 9,259
 • Estimate 
(2019)
8,510
 • Density 1,031.77/sq mi (398.38/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP code
82301
Area code(s) 307
FIPS code 56-63900
GNIS feature ID 1593213

Rawlins is a city in Carbon County, Wyoming, United States. The population was 9,259 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Carbon County. It was named for Union General John Aaron Rawlins, who camped in the locality in 1867.

Demographics

"Officers quarters at Ft. Rawlins, Wyoming, May 7, 1877." Two men and a woman holding a baby sit in front of the crude structure - NARA - 531107
"Officers quarters at Ft. Rawlins, Wyoming, May 7, 1877."
Rochelle Ranch Golf Course
The Rochelle Ranch Golf Course in Rawlins, Wyoming.
Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 612
1880 1,451 137.1%
1890 2,235 54.0%
1900 2,317 3.7%
1910 4,256 83.7%
1920 3,969 −6.7%
1930 4,868 22.7%
1940 5,531 13.6%
1950 7,415 34.1%
1960 8,968 20.9%
1970 7,855 −12.4%
1980 11,547 47.0%
1990 9,380 −18.8%
2000 8,538 −9.0%
2010 9,259 8.4%
2019 (est.) 8,510 −8.1%

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 9,259 people, 3,443 households, and 2,206 families living in the city. The population density was 1,123.7 inhabitants per square mile (433.9/km2). There were 3,960 housing units at an average density of 480.6 per square mile (185.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.7% White, 1.1% African American, 1.3% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 9.2% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 24.3% of the population.

There were 3,443 households, of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.9% were non-families. 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the city was 34.3 years. 25.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29% were from 25 to 44; 26.8% were from 45 to 64; and 9.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 54.7% male and 45.3% female.

Geography

Rawlins is located in Carbon County, Wyoming. 41°47′25″N 107°14′3″W / 41.79028°N 107.23417°W / 41.79028; -107.23417 (41.790397, -107.234297).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.28 square miles (21.45 km2), of which, 8.24 square miles (21.34 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water. The city is approximately 6800 feet (2073 m) above sea level.

Climate

Rawlins' climate is semi-arid (Köppen climate classification BSk).

Climate data for Rawlins Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 56
(13.3)
58
(14.4)
68
(20)
77
(25)
88
(31.1)
97
(36.1)
98
(36.7)
98
(36.7)
95
(35)
81
(27.2)
70
(21.1)
57
(13.9)
98
(36.7)
Average high °F (°C) 33.4
(0.78)
37.1
(2.83)
45.5
(7.5)
55.1
(12.83)
65.7
(18.72)
77.9
(25.5)
85.3
(29.61)
83.8
(28.78)
73.3
(22.94)
59.8
(15.44)
42.9
(6.06)
34.6
(1.44)
57.87
(14.37)
Daily mean °F (°C) 23.0
(-5)
26.1
(-3.28)
33.8
(1)
41.6
(5.33)
50.9
(10.5)
61.3
(16.28)
67.9
(19.94)
66.5
(19.17)
56.9
(13.83)
45.5
(7.5)
31.5
(-0.28)
24.1
(-4.39)
44.09
(6.718)
Average low °F (°C) 12.5
(-10.83)
15.1
(-9.39)
22.1
(-5.5)
28.0
(-2.22)
36.1
(2.28)
44.6
(7)
50.5
(10.28)
49.2
(9.56)
40.5
(4.72)
31.1
(-0.5)
20.1
(-6.61)
13.5
(-10.28)
30.28
(-0.958)
Record low °F (°C) −36
(-37.8)
−36
(-37.8)
−23
(-30.6)
−11
(-23.9)
11
(-11.7)
21
(-6.1)
32
(0)
28
(-2.2)
8
(-13.3)
−7
(-21.7)
−23
(-30.6)
−35
(-37.2)
−36
(-37.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.56
(14.2)
0.52
(13.2)
0.65
(16.5)
1.06
(26.9)
1.49
(37.8)
0.93
(23.6)
0.90
(22.9)
0.81
(20.6)
0.82
(20.8)
0.86
(21.8)
0.65
(16.5)
0.49
(12.4)
9.74
(247.4)
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000)
Source #2: The Weather Channel (Records)

Transportation

Highways

Interstate highways:

I-80.svg I-80

  • East–west interstate running from New York City to San Francisco. I-80 runs through the south side of Rawlins, leading east 99 miles (159 km) to Laramie and west 108 miles (174 km) to Rock Springs. The I-80 business loop runs through the center of Rawlins, following Cedar Street before turning north onto Third Street, and then west onto Spruce Street.

U.S. highways:

US 30.svg US 30

  • Runs concurrent with I-80. The US-30 business loop also runs concurrent with the I-80 business loop.

US 287.svg US 287

  • Runs through Rawlins on east Cedar Street before moving north onto North Higley Boulevard (the 287 bypass). Leads northwest 125 miles (201 km) to Lander and east with I-80 to Laramie.

Wyoming state highways:

WY-71.svg WYO 71

  • Starts at CR401 near Teton Reservoir and travels through southern parts of Rawlins until ending at Wyoming 78 near I-80 exit 214.

WY-78.svg WYO 78

  • Wyoming Highway 78, also known as South Higley Boulevard, begins at the Wyoming State Penitentiary south of Rawlins, until ending at Wyoming 71 near I-80 exit 214.

WY-789.svg WYO 789

  • Runs concurrent with the I-80 business loop via Spruce Street before turning north on Third Street. Wyoming 789 meets US 287 north of town, where it runs concurrent with this highway.

Scheduled bus service

Scheduled bus service is offered by Greyhound Bus Lines.

Airport

The city of Rawlins is served by Rawlins Municipal Airport (Harvey Field).

"Rawlins Red"

"Rawlins Red" is a red pigment containing hematite, an oxide of iron that was mined near Rawlins. Paint containing Rawlins Red has anti-rust properties and is thought to have been used as the original paint on the Brooklyn Bridge.

Education

Residents are zoned to schools in the Carbon County School District#1

All residents are zoned to Rawlins Elementary School (elementary students formerly went to either Pershing, Mountain VIew, Sunny Side, or Highlands Hills Elementary School), Rawlins Middle School and Rawlins High School; Rawlins also offers an alternative school, the Carbon County Co-operative High School.

Western Wyoming Community College also offers outreach programs through the Carbon County Higher Education Center. The main campus is housed in the former Sunny Side Elementary School building.

Rawlins has a public library, a branch of the Carbon County Library System.

Notable people

  • William L. Carlisle (1890–1964), one of America's last train robbers, imprisoned in Wyoming State Penitentiary
  • Jesse Garcia (born 1982), actor who starred in Quinceañera
  • John J. Hickey (1911–1970), U.S. senator from Wyoming and governor of Wyoming
  • Cindy Hill (born 1962), Wyoming Superintendent of Public Instruction since 2011, spent her sixth grade in school in Rawlins
  • Mike Lansing (born 1968), professional baseball player
  • Russ Leatherman (born 1962), voice of Mr. Moviefone
  • Ember Oakley, prosecutor and member of the Wyoming House of Representatives
  • John Eugene Osborne (1858–1943), third governor of Wyoming, U.S. representative for Wyoming
  • Larry Wilcox (born 1947), co-star of the popular 1970s TV show CHiPs; born in San Diego and raised in Rawlins
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