Lander, Wyoming facts for kids

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Lander, Wyoming
City
Downtown Lander, 2008
Downtown Lander, 2008
Official seal of Lander, Wyoming
Seal
Motto: "Real. Western. Spirit."
Location of Lander, Wyoming
Location of Lander, Wyoming
Country United States
State Wyoming
County Fremont
Area
 • Total 4.67 sq mi (12.10 km2)
 • Land 4.67 sq mi (12.10 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 5,358 ft (1,633 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,487
 • Estimate (2012) 7,677
 • Density 1,603.2/sq mi (619.0/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 82520
Area code(s) 307
FIPS code 56-44760
GNIS feature ID 1609112
Website City of Lander Wyoming

Lander is a city in, and the county seat of, Fremont County, Wyoming, United States. Named for transcontinental explorer Frederick W. Lander, Lander is located in central Wyoming, along the Middle Fork of the Popo Agie River. A tourism center with several dude ranches nearby, Lander is located just south of the Wind River Indian Reservation. The population was 7,487 at the 2010 census.

History

Lander was known as Pushroot, Fort Brown, and Fort Auger prior to its current name. The town was named Lander in honor of General Frederick W. Lander, a famous transcontinental explorer who surveyed the Oregon Trail's Lander Cutoff. Several miles southeast of town near present-day U.S. Route 287 is the site of Wyoming's first oil well, circa 1884. The town was incorporated in 1890.

On October 1, 1906, Lander became the westward terminus of the "Cowboy Line" of the Chicago and North Western Railway, thus originating the slogan "where rails end and trails begin." Originally intended to be a transcontinental mainline to Coos Bay, Oregon, or Eureka, California, the line never went further west, and service to Lander was abandoned in 1972.

Lander is where the first paid rodeo took place, which continues to this day in coordination with the town's raucous Fourth of July festivities.

Geography

Lander is located at 42°49′59″N 108°43′57″W / 42.83306°N 108.7325°W / 42.83306; -108.7325 (42.833035, −108.732633).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.67 square miles (12.10 km2), all of it land.

Climate

As with much of the state, Lander experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with cold, dry winters and hot, wetter summers.

Climate data for Lander, Wyoming (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1891–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 64
(17.8)
68
(20)
76
(24.4)
83
(28.3)
93
(33.9)
100
(37.8)
102
(38.9)
101
(38.3)
94
(34.4)
86
(30)
72
(22.2)
65
(18.3)
102
(38.9)
Average high °F (°C) 33.1
(0.61)
36.5
(2.5)
47.4
(8.56)
56.4
(13.56)
66.5
(19.17)
77.5
(25.28)
86.8
(30.44)
85.0
(29.44)
72.8
(22.67)
58.5
(14.72)
42.8
(6)
31.8
(-0.11)
57.93
(14.403)
Average low °F (°C) 10.2
(-12.11)
13.9
(-10.06)
23.6
(-4.67)
31.3
(-0.39)
40.1
(4.5)
48.4
(9.11)
55.6
(13.11)
54.3
(12.39)
44.4
(6.89)
32.7
(0.39)
19.7
(-6.83)
9.6
(-12.44)
31.98
(-0.009)
Record low °F (°C) −39
(-39.4)
−40
(-40)
−24
(-31.1)
−11
(-23.9)
13
(-10.6)
25
(-3.9)
32
(0)
23
(-5)
7
(-13.9)
−14
(-25.6)
−31
(-35)
−40
(-40)
-40
(-40)
Precipitation inches (mm) .41
(10.4)
.58
(14.7)
1.16
(29.5)
1.87
(47.5)
2.20
(55.9)
1.28
(32.5)
.78
(19.8)
.61
(15.5)
1.05
(26.7)
1.29
(32.8)
.86
(21.8)
.58
(14.7)
12.65
(321.3)
Snowfall inches (cm) 7.6
(19.3)
10.3
(26.2)
16.1
(40.9)
16.8
(42.7)
4.8
(12.2)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2.7
(6.9)
9.8
(24.9)
13.1
(33.3)
10.1
(25.7)
91.4
(232.2)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 3.9 5.1 6.7 8.0 8.2 6.3 5.9 5.4 6.0 5.6 5.2 4.5 70.8
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 4.3 5.2 5.8 5.2 1.6 0.1 0 0 0.9 3.5 5.0 5.1 36.7
Sunshine hours 192.2 203.4 257.3 270.0 294.5 330.0 347.2 328.6 273.0 232.5 174.0 173.6 3,076.3
Source: NOAA, HKO (sun only, 1961−1990)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 193
1890 525 172.0%
1900 737 40.4%
1910 1,812 145.9%
1920 2,133 17.7%
1930 1,826 −14.4%
1940 2,594 42.1%
1950 3,349 29.1%
1960 4,182 24.9%
1970 7,125 70.4%
1980 7,867 10.4%
1990 7,023 −10.7%
2000 6,867 −2.2%
2010 7,487 9.0%
Est. 2015 7,686 2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
Precipitation lander1
Average annual precipitation Lander, Wy 1948-2014 source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Lander prcp daily
Average daily precipitation Lander, Wy 1948-2014 Source National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 7,487 people, 3,161 households, and 1,932 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,603.2 inhabitants per square mile (619.0/km2). There were 3,385 housing units at an average density of 724.8 per square mile (279.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.0% White, 0.2% African American, 7.3% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 1.0% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.8% of the population.

There were 3,161 households of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.9% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.85.

The median age in the city was 40.3 years. 22.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.3% were from 25 to 44; 27.3% were from 45 to 64; and 17% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 6,867 people, 2,794 households, and 1,824 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,554.0 people per square mile (599.9/km²). There were 3,036 housing units at an average density of 687.0 per square mile (265.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.81% White, 0.15% African American, 5.99% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.70% from other races, and 2.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.48% of the population.

There were 2,794 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,397, and the median income for a family was $41,958. Males had a median income of $30,602 versus $20,916 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,389. About 9.9% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.3% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture

The Lander Art Center downtown displays rotating art exhibits, holds biannual art fairs, and hosts varying art classes. The work of William Shakespeare is performed by the touring Wyoming Shakespeare Festival Company, a non-profit organization based out of Lander. The Lander Community Concerts Association has brought in various performing artists since 1947. Lander's local library is the main branch of the Fremont County Library System, the original local Carnegie library still stands as part of the current building.

Annual cultural events

The Pioneer Days Parade and Rodeo takes place on July 3rd and 4th every year. The Lander Brew Festival features samples from Rocky Mountain-area breweries and has been held since 2002. Other annual events include the Wyoming State Winter Fair, the International Climbers Festival, and the Annual One Shot Antelope Hunt.

Attractions

Wyoming Sinks Canyon 2
Sinks Canyon State Park, near Lander

Outdoor attractions near Lander include Sinks Canyon State Park, Shoshone National Forest, the Wind River Mountains, and the Red Desert. Additionally, Lander is home to a number of museums, including the Fremont County Pioneer Museum, which focuses on the history of the Lander area; the Museum of the American West, which maintains a complex of historic structures; the Lander Children’s Museum, with hands-on exhibits; and the Evans Dahl Memorial Museum, dedicated to the Annual One Shot Antelope Hunt.

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