Redmond, Oregon facts for kids

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Redmond
City
Redmond, Oregon
Business Highway 97 in Redmond
Business Highway 97 in Redmond
Official seal of Redmond
Seal
Nickname(s): The Hub
Motto: The Heart of Central Oregon
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Country United States
State Oregon
County Deschutes
Incorporated 1910
Area
 • City 16.79 sq mi (43.49 km2)
 • Land 16.79 sq mi (43.49 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 3,077 ft (938 m)
Population (2010)
 • City 26,215
 • Estimate (2013) 27,427
 • Density 1,561.3/sq mi (602.8/km2)
 • Urban 83,794
 • Metro 165,954
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97756
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-61200
GNIS feature ID 1125912
Website www.ci.redmond.or.us

Redmond is a city in Deschutes County, Oregon, United States. Incorporated on July 6, 1910, the city is on the eastern side of Oregon's Cascade Range, in the High Desert in Central Oregon. From Redmond there is access to recreational opportunities, including mountain biking, fishing, hiking, camping, rock climbing, white-water rafting, skiing, and golf. Redmond is a full-service municipality and one of the fastest-growing industrial and residential communities in Oregon. Redmond had a population of 26,215 in 2010, and the population continues to grow at a rate of about 8 percent each year.

The city encompasses 15.5 square miles (40 km2) and is on a plateau, at an elevation of 3,077 feet (938 m). Redmond is 15 miles (24 km) north of Bend—the county seat of Deschutes County—144 miles (232 km) from Portland, 129 miles (208 km) from Salem—the capital of Oregon—and 126 miles (203 km) from Eugene.

History

Redmond was named after Frank T. Redmond, who settled in the area in 1905. It was platted in 1906 by a company which would become part of Central Oregon Irrigation District building a canal. Electrification and the Oregon Trunk Railway reached Redmond in 1911. The rail link opened markets for farmers and merchants. By 1930, the town had grown to 1,000 and by 1940 had nearly doubled. In the 1940s, Redmond was a U.S. Army Air base and commercial air service was established at Roberts Field after World War II. In the 1950s, 60s, 70s, and most of the 80s, the population remained relatively static, growing slowly around a small commercial/retail center and manufacturing industry. However, during the 1990s, the population began to grow along with most of Deschutes County. Between 2000 and 2006, Redmond's population grew 74.3%, making it among Oregon's fastest-growing cities each year. This growth continued through 2006, increasing the population to 23,500. Its growth is fueled by employment and a lower cost of living.

Geography

The Horse Lava Tube System enters the city at the point of the Redmond Caves. The lava flow that created the system continues into the Redmond Canyon and beyond.

Climate

Redmond's climate is typical of the high desert with cool nights and sunny days. Annual precipitation averages between 8 and 10 inches (200 and 250 mm), with an average annual snowfall of 24 inches (61 cm). The winter season in Redmond provides typical daytime temperatures between 10 °F (−12 °C) and 40 °F (4 °C). Average nighttime temperatures range anywhere from 0 °F (−18 °C) to 40 °F (4 °C). According to the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map, the average annual extreme minimum temperature in Redmond is −5 °F (−21 °C) to −10 °F (−23 °C).

A typical Central Oregon summer is marked with daily temperatures around 75 °F (24 °C) to 100 °F (38 °C) during the day, and around 40 °F (4 °C) to 60 °F (16 °C) during the night..

Redmond's growing season is short. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture's National Resources Conservation Service, in half of the years between 1971 and 2000, the USDA weather station in Redmond recorded the last below-freezing temperatures after July 3 and the first below-freezing temperatures before August 31. Redmond has a steppe climate (BSk) according to the Köppen climate classification system.

Climate data for Redmond
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 67
(19.4)
73
(22.8)
80
(26.7)
89
(31.7)
99
(37.2)
101
(38.3)
105
(40.6)
108
(42.2)
105
(40.6)
95
(35)
76
(24.4)
67
(19.4)
108
(42.2)
Average high °F (°C) 41.7
(5.39)
47
(8.3)
52.7
(11.5)
59.4
(15.22)
67.1
(19.5)
75.6
(24.22)
85.5
(29.72)
84
(28.9)
76.2
(24.56)
64
(17.8)
49.6
(9.78)
42.3
(5.72)
62.1
(16.72)
Average low °F (°C) 22.2
(-5.44)
24.7
(-4.06)
26.2
(-3.22)
29.2
(-1.56)
35.4
(1.89)
41.9
(5.5)
46.7
(8.17)
45.7
(7.61)
39.1
(3.94)
32.2
(0.11)
26.9
(-2.83)
22.4
(-5.33)
32.7
(0.39)
Record low °F (°C) -27
(-32.8)
-19
(-28.3)
-1
(-18.3)
10
(-12.2)
12
(-11.1)
24
(-4.4)
28
(-2.2)
25
(-3.9)
16
(-8.9)
-3
(-19.4)
-14
(-25.6)
-28
(-33.3)
-28
(-33.3)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.06
(26.9)
0.67
(17)
0.66
(16.8)
0.57
(14.5)
0.98
(24.9)
0.79
(20.1)
0.4
(10)
0.47
(11.9)
0.39
(9.9)
0.62
(15.7)
0.97
(24.6)
1.06
(26.9)
8.64
(219.5)
Snowfall inches (cm) 6.3
(16)
3.1
(7.9)
2
(5)
0.8
(2)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
2.6
(6.6)
4.7
(11.9)
19.7
(50)
Avg. precipitation days 9 7 8 7 7 6 3 3 4 6 9 9 78

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1910 216
1920 585 170.8%
1930 994 69.9%
1940 1,876 88.7%
1950 2,956 57.6%
1960 3,340 13.0%
1970 3,721 11.4%
1980 6,452 73.4%
1990 7,163 11.0%
2000 13,481 88.2%
2010 26,215 94.5%
Est. 2015 28,654 112.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
2013 Estimate

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 26,215 people, 9,947 households, and 6,789 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,561.3 inhabitants per square mile (602.8/km2). There were 10,965 housing units at an average density of 653.1 per square mile (252.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.0% White, 0.4% African American, 1.3% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 5.4% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.5% of the population.

There were 9,947 households of which 38.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.7% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.07.

The median age in the city was 33.9 years. 27.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.8% were from 25 to 44; 21.9% were from 45 to 64; and 12.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

2000 census

At the census of 2000, there were 13,481 people, 5,260 households, and 3,618 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,316.7 per square mile (508.3/km²). There were 5,584 housing units at an average density of 545.4 per square mile (210.5/km²). The racial makeup was 93.72% White, 0.09% African American, 1.16% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 2.14% from other races, and 2.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.48% of the population.

There were 5,260 households, of which 38.1% had children under 18 living with them, 52.2% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size 3.02.

In the city, the population was 29.6% under 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 or older. The median age was 33. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.

The median income for a household was $33,701, and the median income for a family $41,481. Males had a median of $31,940 versus $23,508 for females. The per capita income was $16,286. About 6.6% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under 18 and 7.5% of those 65 or over.

Transportation

Airport terminal
Passenger Terminal

Air

Redmond is the location of the region's only commercial airline service airport, Roberts Field. Air carriers include Alaska Airlines, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines and United Airlines with service operated by their respective regional airline affiliates via code sharing agreements. These carriers provide nonstop service to Portland, Seattle, Denver, Salt Lake City, Los Angeles and San Francisco. The U.S. Forest Service operates an air base and training center for firefighting, and Butler Aircraft, a fixed-base operator, flies DC-7 aircraft for firefighting efforts.

Highways

Redmond lies at the intersection of U.S. Route 126 and U.S. Route 97. The latter runs on an expressway alignment through the city known as the Redmond Parkway.

Rail

A BNSF mainline runs north-south through the city; there are numerous spurs off of the mainline which serve industrial rail customers. The closest Amtrak service is in the town of Chemult, approximately 75 miles (121 km) to the south; this station is served by the Coast Starlight route.

Points of interest

Natural history

Some of Redmond's landmark desert flora include:

  • The Juniper tree, which dots the surrounding brush/desert.
  • The Sagebrush, a medium high bush which is abundant in undeveloped areas.

Redmond, Oregon Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.