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Sir Richard Francis Burton

Richard Francis Burton by Rischgitz, 1864.jpg
Burton in 1864
Born (1821-03-19)19 March 1821
Torquay, Devon, England
Died 20 October 1890(1890-10-20) (aged 69)
Burial place St Mary Magdalen Roman Catholic Church, Mortlake, London, England
Nationality British
Other names Mirza Abdullah the Bushri
Hâjî Abdû El-Yezdî
Frank Baker
Alma mater Trinity College, Oxford
Occupation Soldier, diplomat, explorer, translator, arabist, author
Notable work
Personal Narrative of a Pilgrimage to Al Madinah and Meccah;
The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night;
The Kasidah
Isabel Arundell (m. 1861)
Military career
Nickname(s) Ruffian Dick
Allegiance Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Empire
Service/branch Bombay Army
Years of service 1842–61
Rank Captain
Battles/wars Crimea War
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
Crimea Medal
Richard Francis Burton signature.svg

Captain Sir Richard Francis Burton (1821-1890) was a famous English explorer, writer, translator, ethnologist, spy and soldier.

He traveled a lot in Asia, Africa and the Americas. As a spy for the British government, he was also among the very few Western Christian people who secretly managed to visit the Islamic holy city of Mecca, in Arabia, at the time of the Hajj

He is also famous for his English language translation of the Arabic book, One Thousand and One Nights (also called The Arabian Nights).

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