Rodeo, California facts for kids
Containers beached on the outskirts of Rodeo
Location in Contra Costa County and the state of California
|• Total||4.632 sq mi (11.997 km2)|
|• Land||3.747 sq mi (9.706 km2)|
|• Water||0.885 sq mi (2.291 km2) 19.1%|
|Elevation||16 ft (5 m)|
|• Density||1,873.70/sq mi (723.43/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|ZIP codes||94547, 94572|
|GNIS feature IDs||1659538, 2409201|
Rodeo // is a census-designated place (CDP) located in Contra Costa County, California on the shore of San Pablo Bay. The population was 8,679 at the 2010 census. The town is named for the livestock roundups common in the late 19th century. Cattle from the surrounding hills were regularly driven down through the old town to a loading dock on the shoreline of San Pablo Bay for shipment to slaughterhouses, a practice which continued through the early 20th century. The town of Rodeo is served by the Interstate 80 freeway and State Route 4. The Southern Pacific Railroad main line passes through Rodeo. Rodeo has not been a stop on the railroad since the 1950s.
Rodeo owes much of its history to brothers John and Patrick Tormey, who purchased tracts of land from the Ygnacio Martinez Rancho El Pinole estate in 1865 and 1867.
They became successful ranchers and businessmen, amassed sizable fortunes and held public office. Patrick Tormey (for whom the nearby town of Tormey is named) had visions of this area of Contra Costa County becoming the meatpacking and canning center of the Pacific coast. In partnership with the Union Stockyard Co. in 1890, he sold some of the land to them and began to lay out plans and make large investments for the stockyard facilities. Eventually, streets were graded and lots were prepared for homesteads, thus creating the town of Rodeo.
Patrick Tormey also sold land in the nearby town of Oleum to the California Lumber Co. for use as a lumberyard (which eventually would be sold to the Union Oil Co. for an oil refinery site). He also sold land in nearby Selby, which was used by the Selby Smelting & Lead Co. He funded the meatpacking plant, corrals and the Rodeo Hotel.
The first post office opened in 1892.
After recession in 1893, Patrick Tormey struggled to keep finances going as business began to close, culminating with the bankruptcy of the Union Stockyard Co. Patrick Tormey was plagued with lawsuits over the bankruptcy for the remainder of his life. Residents were able to find work in nearby towns of Crockett (C&H Sugar), Vallejo (the Mare Island Naval Shipyard), Hercules (Hercules Powder Co.), and Union Oil Co. in Oleum.
Rodeo as a community managed to continue, but was devastated in the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. In the aftermath, the town would rebuild much like other communities around the San Francisco Bay area. There is a large oil refinery adjacent to Rodeo, it was built in 1896 currently operated by Phillips 66.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.6 square miles (12 km2), 81% is land, 19% is water.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Rodeo had a population of 8,679. The population density was 1,873.6 people per square mile (723.4/km²). The racial makeup of Rodeo was 3,823 (44.0%) White, 1,410 (16.2%) African American, 53 (0.6%) Native American, 1,762 (20.3%) Asian, 62 (0.7%) Pacific Islander, 885 (10.2%) from other races, and 684 (7.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2,134 people (24.6%).
The Census reported that 99.5% of the population lived in households and 0.5% lived in non-institutionalized group quarters.
There were 2,920 households, out of which 1,126 (38.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,455 (49.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 540 (18.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 196 (6.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 175 (6.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 21 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 583 households (20.0%) were made up of individuals and 207 (7.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96. There were 2,191 families (75.0% of all households); the average family size was 3.40.
The population was spread out with 2,128 people (24.5%) under the age of 18, 802 people (9.2%) aged 18 to 24, 2,173 people (25.0%) aged 25 to 44, 2,517 people (29.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,059 people (12.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.2 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.
There were 3,137 housing units at an average density of 677.2 per square mile (261.5/km²), of which 1,861 (63.7%) were owner-occupied, and 1,059 (36.3%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.4%. 5,508 people (63.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 3,130 people (36.1%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,717 people, 2,882 households, and 2,204 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,183.3 inhabitants per square mile (456.7/km²). There were 2,984 housing units at an average density of 405.1 per square mile (156.3/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 52.20% White, 16.04% Black or African American, 1.30% Native American, 16.04% Asian, 0.50% Pacific Islander, 7.17% from other races, and 6.76% from two or more races. 17.08% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,882 households out of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 17.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.5% were non-families. 18.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.42.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $60,522, and the median income for a family was $63,151. Males had a median income of $46,077 versus $32,452 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $21,432. 6.8% of the population and 6.0% of families were below the poverty line. 8.5% of those under the age of 18 and 6.2% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
PETA and Rodeo
In October 2003, animal rights group PETA urged the town to change its name because it invokes images of the sport of rodeo, which they claim is harmful to animals. As a replacement name, the organization suggested Unity, an acknowledgement of Union Oil's role in saving the area economically in the late 19th century. PETA offered to donate $20,000 worth of veggie burgers to local schools if the name was changed.
Rodeo, California Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.