kids encyclopedia robot

Saint-Gaudens, Haute-Garonne facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Saint-Gaudens
Church of Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Gaudens
Church of Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Gaudens
Coat of arms of Saint-Gaudens
Coat of arms
Country France
Region Occitanie
Department Haute-Garonne
Arrondissement Saint-Gaudens
Canton Saint-Gaudens
Intercommunality Saint-Gaudinois
Area
1
27.4 km2 (10.6 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)
11,255
 • Density 410.8/km2 (1,063.9/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Saint-Gaudinois
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
31483 /31800
Elevation 338–558 m (1,109–1,831 ft)
(avg. 372 m or 1,220 ft)
Website www.stgo.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Saint-Gaudens (Gascon: Sent Gaudenç) is a commune in the Haute-Garonne department in southwestern France. It is the capital of the arrondissement of Saint-Gaudens and of the canton of Saint-Gaudens.

History

Saintgaudens
Garden in the cloister of Saint-Gaudens

In antiquity, the present place of the city was near a Roman road between Toulouse and Dax, where there was a rural area called Mansus; Mansus was named later as Mas Saint-Pierre after the Christianization of the region.

In 475, a young Christian boy, Gaudens, was killed by the Visigoths and he was buried in this place. The town took its current name in the ninth century, because may people came here to worship the martyr; the relics of Gaudens were deposited in the church of Mas-Saint-Pierre.

As an important regional market place, Saint-Gaudens became the economic capital of the Comminges (a natural region and an old French region on the hills at the base of the Pyrenees).

Geography

The city of Saint-Gaudens is in the Comminges, at the foot of the Pyrenees. It is about 90 km (56 mi) to the southwest of Toulouse and at about 70 km (43 mi) from Tarbes (Hautes-Pyrénées).

It is found on the left side of the Garonne river.

The commune has an area of 27.4 km2 (10.6 sq mi), and its average altitude is 372 m (1,220 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 401 m (1,316 ft).

Saint-Gaudens and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune de Saint-Gaudens

Climate

The climate of Saint-Gaudens, in the Köppen climate classification, is Cfb - Oceanic climate with template summers.

Climate data for Saint-Gaudens
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.1
(50.2)
11.1
(52)
15.2
(59.4)
17.3
(63.1)
20.3
(68.5)
24.6
(76.3)
26.3
(79.3)
26.4
(79.5)
24.1
(75.4)
20.5
(68.9)
13.9
(57)
9.6
(49.3)
18.1
(64.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.2
(41.4)
5.6
(42.1)
9.2
(48.6)
11.8
(53.2)
15.2
(59.4)
19.5
(67.1)
21.0
(69.8)
21.0
(69.8)
18.3
(64.9)
14.9
(58.8)
9.1
(48.4)
5.0
(41)
12.9
(55.2)
Average low °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
0.1
(32.2)
3.1
(37.6)
6.3
(43.3)
10.0
(50)
14.3
(57.7)
15.7
(60.3)
15.6
(60.1)
12.5
(54.5)
9.2
(48.6)
4.2
(39.6)
0.5
(32.9)
7.5
(45.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 70.7
(2.783)
45.3
(1.783)
68.9
(2.713)
106.7
(4.201)
94.8
(3.732)
47.0
(1.85)
33.8
(1.331)
52.8
(2.079)
61.8
(2.433)
51.6
(2.031)
69.6
(2.74)
71.2
(2.803)
764.6
(30.102)
Source: Meteo-climat June 2014

Population

Collégiale St Pierre et St Gaudens-Clocher vue du Cloître
Bell tower of the Collégiale St Pierre et St Gaudens

The inhabitants of Saint-Gaudens are known, in French, as Saint-Gaudinois (women: Saint-Gaudinoises).

Saint-Gaudens has a population, in 2014, of 11,255, for a population density of 410.8 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Saint-Gaudens

EasyTimeline 1.90


Timeline generation failed: More than 10 errors found
Line 2: id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)

- Data expected for command 'Colors', but line is not indented.

 



Line 2: id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)

- Invalid statement. No '=' found.


Line 3: id:darkgrey value:gray(0.7)

- Invalid statement. No '=' found.


Line 4: id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)

- Invalid statement. No '=' found.


Line 5: id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

- Invalid statement. No '=' found.


Line 12: ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:2000 start:0

- Scale attribute 'gridcolor' invalid. Unknown color 'darkgrey'.

 Specify command 'Color' before this command.



Line 13: ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:1000 start:0

- Scale attribute 'gridcolor' invalid. Unknown color 'lightgrey'.

 Specify command 'Color' before this command.



Line 14: BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

- BackgroundColors definition invalid. Attribute 'canvas': unknown color 'sfondo'.

 Specify command 'Color' before this command.



Line 16: bar:1968 text:1968

- Data expected for command 'BarData', but line is not indented.

 



Line 16: bar:1968 text:1968

- Invalid statement. No '=' found.


Line 17: bar:1975 text:1975

- Invalid statement. No '=' found.


Administration

Saint-Gaudens is a subprefecture of the Haute-Garonne department, the capital of the arrondissement of Saint-Gaudens and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of the canton of Saint-Gaudens.

It is part of the intercommunality Cœur et Coteaux de Comminges (French: Communauté de communes Cœur et Coteaux de Comminges).

Sister cities

Saint-Gaudens is twinned with:

Sites of interest

Some important buildings are:

  • The Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Gaudens church
  • The Saint-Jacques chapelle
  • The Cloister (part of the cloister that remains of the old Bonnefond abbey)

Related pages

kids search engine
Saint-Gaudens, Haute-Garonne Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.