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San Francisquito Pass facts for kids

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San Francisquito Pass
Elevation 3,655 feet (1,114 m)
Traversed by San Francisquito Canyon Road
Location Los Angeles County, California
Range Sierra Pelona Mountains
Coordinates 34°38′22.74″N 118°22′50.34″W / 34.6396500°N 118.3806500°W / 34.6396500; -118.3806500Coordinates: 34°38′22.74″N 118°22′50.34″W / 34.6396500°N 118.3806500°W / 34.6396500; -118.3806500
Topo map Lake Hughes, CA

San Francisquito Pass is a mountain pass in the Sierra Pelona Mountains, located northeast of Green Valley and Santa Clarita, in northern Los Angeles County, California.

Geography

Automobile road map- Los Angeles to Ely via the Midland Trail. Part one- Los Angeles to Palmdale-Elizabeth Lake, 1922 (AAA-SM-005598)
San Francisquito Pass on far left road,
1922 AAA map.

The pass, at the elevation 3,655 feet (1,114 m), is at the head of San Francisquito Canyon. San Francisquito Canyon Road, crossing over the Sierra Pelonas here, leads to Elizabeth Lake in the Leona Valley to the north, and Saugus to the south.

History

San Francisquito Pass was on the El Camino Viejo, an alternate land route to the El Camino Real for reaching northern Spanish and Mexican colonial Alta California. It connected the Pueblo of Los Angeles and San Fernando Valley with the San Joaquin Valley. The El Camino Viejo horse and wagon trail next crossed the Tehachapi Mountains into the San Joaquin Valley at Old Tejón Pass.

The route's successor, the Stockton - Los Angeles Road, used San Francisquito Pass and Fort Tejon Pass (west of Old Tejón Pass). The Butterfield Overland Mail route (1857-1861) followed the Stockton—Los Angeles Road between the San Fernando and San Joaquin Valleys, and used both passes. It had a stagecoach stops at King's Station (southern canyon) and Widow Smith's Station (near pass) in San Francisquito Canyon.

San Francisquito Pass was used by the major inland north-south routes until the opening of the Ridge Route in 1915.

Present day

The pass continues to be used by San Francisquito Canyon Road, which crosses it for local and scenic use in the present day. The pass and a section of the road are within the northwestern Angeles National Forest.

Los Angeles County realigned most of the upper part of San Francisquito Canyon Road in the 2000s. The original narrowest and curviest segment remains. The bypassed old section is a hiking route along San Francisquito Creek, passing through the historic St. Francis Dam site and ruins.

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