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Strafford, New Hampshire facts for kids

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Strafford, New Hampshire
Location within Strafford County, New Hampshire
Location within Strafford County, New Hampshire
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Strafford
Incorporated 1820
Villages Bow Lake Village
Center Strafford
 • Total 51.2 sq mi (132.7 km2)
 • Land 49.0 sq mi (127.0 km2)
 • Water 2.2 sq mi (5.7 km2)
595 ft (181 m)
 • Total 4,230
 • Density 86/sq mi (33.3/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-73860
GNIS feature ID 0873726

Strafford is a town in Strafford County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 4,230 at the 2020 census. The two main settlements in town are Center Strafford and Bow Lake Village.


Hills, Strafford, NH
The Blue Hills and the Job Hills from Northwood Road c. 1910

Once part of Barrington, Strafford was set off due to the lengthy travel required to attend town meetings. Settled prior to the Revolution, the town incorporated in 1820, taking its name from the county in which it is located. Strafford County had been organized in 1773 during the administration of Colonial Governor John Wentworth, and named in honor of Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford.

Academy, Center Strafford, NH
Austin Cate Academy c. 1912

The Austin Academy once stood in the center of Strafford village. George Cate, a wealthy shoe manufacturer, visited the school at the request of its principal Alvin E. Thomas and was so impressed with the school that he left at his death $200,000 on the condition that his name be added to that of Mr. Austin. After his death, the hundred-acre farm of George Washington Foss was purchased and soon a beautiful new building, designed by well-known Boston architect, Richardson, sat on the hill with the name on its facade, "Austin-Cate Academy - 1903". After the property was purchased by the state for a National Guard training center, all of the original wooden buildings were torn down and replaced by new brick buildings.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 51.4 square miles (133 km2), of which 49.2 sq mi (127 km2) is land and 2.2 sq mi (5.7 km2) is water, comprising 4.38% of the town. Bow Lake, popular with fishermen, covers 1,160 acres (470 ha). Strafford is drained by the Isinglass, Big, and Berrys rivers.

The Blue Hills Range divides the town in half, running southwest to northeast. Parker Mountain, the highest point in the range and in Strafford, rises to 1,420 feet (430 m) above sea level.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 2,144
1830 2,200 2.6%
1840 2,021 −8.1%
1850 1,920 −5.0%
1860 2,047 6.6%
1870 1,669 −18.5%
1880 1,531 −8.3%
1890 1,304 −14.8%
1900 1,040 −20.2%
1910 786 −24.4%
1920 764 −2.8%
1930 617 −19.2%
1940 714 15.7%
1950 770 7.8%
1960 722 −6.2%
1970 965 33.7%
1980 1,663 72.3%
1990 2,965 78.3%
2000 3,626 22.3%
2010 3,991 10.1%
2020 4,230 6.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
Bow Lake Village, Strafford, NH
Bow Lake Village c. 1912

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,626 people, 1,281 households, and 1,022 families residing in the town. The population density was 73.7 people per square mile (28.5/km2). There were 1,564 housing units at an average density of 31.8 per square mile (12.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.48% White, 0.14% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.06% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.63% of the population.

There were 1,281 households, out of which 43.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.5% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.2% were non-families. 15.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 30.0% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 7.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $59,044, and the median income for a family was $62,238. Males had a median income of $40,423 versus $30,524 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,500. About 1.0% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.5% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

  • Charles Simic (born 1938), fifteenth US Poet Laureate (2007–2008)

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Strafford (Nuevo Hampshire) para niños

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