Sussex County, Virginia facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Sussex County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
|Named for||Sussex, England|
|• Total||493 sq mi (1,280 km2)|
|• Land||490 sq mi (1,300 km2)|
|• Water||2.6 sq mi (7 km2) 0.5%|
|• Density||21.966/sq mi (8.481/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Sussex County is a rural county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 10,829. Its county seat is Sussex. It was formed in 1754 from Surry County. The county is named after the county of Sussex, England.
Sussex County is included in the Greater Richmond Region.
Native Americans may have settled near Cactus Hill along the Nottoway River in what became Sussex county 10,000 years ago. The Nottoway people, speaking an Iroquoian language, were later part of the Powhatan Confederacy.
When colonists arrived from England in 1607, some traveled along the Nottoway River, but when they established the first counties, James City County included both sides of the James River all the way to the North Carolina line. The south side of the James River became Surry County in 1652. Virginia's General Assembly formed Sussex County from the southwestern end of Surry County in 1754.
Sussex County has maintained a predominantly agricultural economy, as well as its historic heritage for over four centuries. It includes the Sussex County Courthouse Historic District and the Waverly Downtown Historic District, the Nottoway Archeological Site and six historic homes on the National Register.
The largest forest fire in Virginia's recorded history occurred on April 5, 1943, destroying over 12,000 acres in six hours, while most firefighters were paying their respects at the funeral of Ella Darden Gray, matriarch of one of the county's leading families, and whose son Garland Gray would become a key figure in the Massive Resistance crisis concerning desegregating Virginia's public schools about a decade later.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 493 square miles (1,280 km2), of which 490 square miles (1,300 km2) is land and 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2) (0.5%) is water.
- Dinwiddie County - northwest
- Prince George County - north
- Surry County - northeast
- Southampton County - southeast
- Greensville County - southwest
- US 301
- US 460
- SR 31
- SR 35
- SR 40
- SR 139
|U.S. Decennial Census
1990-2000 2010 2020
|Race / Ethnicity||Pop 2010||Pop 2020||% 2010||% 2020|
|White alone (NH)||4,663||4,381||38.58%||40.46%|
|Black or African American alone (NH)||6,996||5,766||57.88%||53.25%|
|Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)||19||14||0.16%||0.13%|
|Asian alone (NH)||46||11||0.38%||0.10%|
|Pacific Islander alone (NH)||0||7||0.00%||0.06%|
|Some Other Race alone (NH)||9||25||0.07%||0.23%|
|Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)||86||319||0.71%||2.95%|
|Hispanic or Latino (any race)||268||306||2.22%||2.83%|
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 12,087 people living in the county, of which 58.1% were Black or African American, 39.3% White, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 1.3% of some other race and 0.8% of two or more races. 2.2% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).
As of the census of 2000, there were 12,504 people, 4,126 households, and 2,809 families living in the county. The population density was 26 people per square mile (10/km2). There were 4,653 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 62.13% Black or African American, 36.39% White, 0.13% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.54% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 0.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 4,126 households, out of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.00% were married couples living together, 18.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.90% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 19.60% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 34.40% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 13.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 135.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 142.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,007, and the median income for a family was $36,739. Males had a median income of $29,307 versus $22,001 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,670. About 12.80% of families and 16.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.30% of those under age 18 and 19.20% of those age 65 or over.
Two prisons were built in Sussex County in the 1990s. Including the prisons, Sussex County was the fastest growing county in the United States. Excluding the prisons, the county population declined.
Sussex County Public Schools operates public schools.
Blackwater Regional Library is the regional library system that provides services to the citizens of Sussex.
- Sussex Central High School
- Sussex Central Middle School
- Sussex Central Elementary School
- Appomattox Regional Governor's School for the Arts And Technology
- Rowanty Technical Center
- Tidewater Academy
- Yale Seventh-day Adventist School
Sussex County, Virginia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.