Texarkana, Arkansas facts for kids

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Texarkana, Arkansas
City
Texarkana federal building, including the post office and courthouse, straddling the Texas-Arkansas state line
Texarkana federal building, including the post office and courthouse, straddling the Texas-Arkansas state line
Official seal of Texarkana, Arkansas
Seal
Nickname(s): The Arkansas Side, T-town, TK
Motto: Twice as Nice
Location in Miller County and the state of Arkansas
Location in Miller County and the state of Arkansas
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Miller
Area
 • Total 41.83 sq mi (108.35 km2)
 • Land 41.66 sq mi (107.89 km2)
 • Water 0.18 sq mi (0.47 km2)
Elevation 361 ft (110 m)
Population (2015)
 • Total 30,353
 • Density 718/sq mi (277.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 71854
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-68810
GNIS feature ID 0078542
Website arkansas.txkusa.org
Texarkana Municipal Auditorium IMG 67413
Municipal Auditorium is located in the City Hall complex in Texarkana, Arkansas.
Texarkana, AR, Fire Dept. IMG 6412
The Texarkana Fire Department adjoins the Municipal Auditorium.
Highland Church of Christ, Texarkana, AR IMG 6357
Highland Church of Christ at 1705 Highland Street in Texarkana, Arkansas

Texarkana is the largest city and the county seat of Miller County, Arkansas, United States. Texarkana is a Twin city with Texarkana, Texas, along State Line Avenue.

According to the 2010 census, the population of the city was 29,919, ranking it as the state's 12th largest city, behind Hot Springs. The city, along with its Texas counterpart, forms the central city of the Metropolitan Statistical Area, encompassing all of Bowie County, Texas, and Miller County, Arkansas. The combined population of the two Texarkana cities was 66,330 at the 2010 census.

Geography

Texarkana, Arkansas, is located at 33°25′59″N 94°1′14″W / 33.43306°N 94.02056°W / 33.43306; -94.02056 (33.433075, -94.020514). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 41.9 square miles (108.4 km2). 41.7 square miles (107.9 km2) of it is land and 0.19 square miles (0.5 km2) of it (0.43%) is water.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Texarkana has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,390
1890 3,528 153.8%
1900 4,914 39.3%
1910 5,655 15.1%
1920 8,257 46.0%
1930 10,764 30.4%
1940 11,821 9.8%
1950 15,875 34.3%
1960 19,788 24.6%
1970 21,682 9.6%
1980 21,459 −1.0%
1990 22,631 5.5%
2000 26,448 16.9%
2010 29,919 13.1%
Est. 2015 30,353 1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 26,448 people, 10,384 households, and 7,040 families residing in the city. The population density was 830.5 people per square mile (320.6/km²). There were 11,721 housing units at an average density of 368.1 per square mile (142.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 65.93% White, 31.00% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.78% of the population.

There were 10,384 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 18.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,343, and the median income for a family was $37,157. Males had a median income of $35,204 versus $21,731 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,130. About 17.2% of families and 21.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.0% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or above.

Pop culture

  • Texarkana is referenced in the song "Cotton Fields" by the American folk and blues musician Lead Belly and later recorded by several notable country rock artists, including The Highwaymen, Buck Owens, The Beach Boys and Creedence Clearwater Revival. Lead Belly (Huddie Ledbetter), was born on a cotton plantation near Linden, Texas, about 40 miles southwest of Texarkana, and later worked on a plantation near De Kalb, Texas, about 35 miles west of Texarkana.
  • Brenda Lee's 1959 song "Let's Jump the Broomstick" references the city with the lyric "Goin' to Alabama back from Texarkana, Goin' all around the world".
  • Texarkana is one of the places visited by the red car in The Brave Little Toaster during the song "Worthless"
  • Tesla's 1991 song "Call It What You Want" contains the lyric "All I am is all I'll ever be, and that's just a boy from Texarkana." As the lead singer of the band is actually from Texarkana, this lyric is notably autobiographical.
  • "Texarkana" is a 1991 song by R.E.M.. The track appears on the band's seventh studio album, Out of Time.
  • Other popular songs that name-check the city include "I've Been Everywhere" by Hank Snow, later covered by Johnny Cash; "Texas Swing" by Clay Walker from his 2001 album Say No More; "Gimme Gimme Good Lovin'" by Crazy Elephant; "24 Hours at a Time" by the Marshall Tucker Band; "Texarkana Baby" by Bob Wills and the Texas Playboys, covered by Tennessee Ernie Ford; and two songs by Joe Ely, "Fingernails" and "I'm Gonna Strangle You Shorty."
  • In the 1977 movie Smokey and the Bandit, The Bandit (Burt Reynolds and the Snowman Jerry Reed) are making a run from Atlanta to Texarkana to get a load of beer. Jerry Reed's 1977 hit song "East Bound and Down" from the soundtrack refers to the city in the lyric "The boys are thirsty in Atlanta and there's beer in Texarkana," regarding the lack of availability of Coors beer east of Texas at that time. (In fact, Texarkana, Texas, is dry and the alcohol distributor is actually in Texarkana, Arkansas.)
  • In Season 5, Episode 5 "Southbound and Down" of the FX TV show Archer, Archer and the crew from ISIS encounter a hostile biker gang in Texarkana while on their way to Austin, Texas.
  • In a 2013 episode of American Pickers on The History Channel, Frank and Mike visited several spots in Texarkana.
  • In the movie Zombieland, Woody Harrelson refers to the relationship with his new zombie-killing companion, Jesse Eisenberg, that he figures it will last "all the way to Texarkana".
  • Used as setting for the 1976 movie The Town That Dreaded Sundown, which was loosely based on a series of murders that occurred in the town in the spring of 1946.
  • In the novel A Canticle for Leibowitz, centuries after a nuclear war that reduces world civilization to a second dark age, Texarkana rises as the capital of a burgeoning empire that expands across the former United States and becomes known as the Atlantic Confederacy.
  • In 2016, a video of a speech defending LGBT rights by a Texarkana minister went viral online.

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