Timeline of Birmingham, Alabama facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Birmingham, Alabama, USA.

19th century

History of Alabama
Flag of Alabama.svg Alabama portal
  • 1871
    • Birmingham founded and incorporated.
    • Robert Henley becomes mayor.
  • 1873
    • Birmingham becomes seat of Jefferson County.
    • First Colored Baptist Church founded.
    • Cholera epidemic.
  • 1874 - Birmingham Iron Age newspaper in publication.
  • 1880 - Population: 3,086.
  • 1881 - Alabama Christian Advocate newspaper begins publication.
  • 1882
    • Sloss Furnace begins operating.
    • O'Brien's Opera House opens.
  • 1887 - Howard College active in East Lake.
  • 1888 - Evening News and Birmingham Age-Herald newspapers in publication.
  • 1890
    • Population: 26,178.
    • Labor Advocate newspaper begins publication.
  • 1891 - Birmingham Commercial Club incorporated.
  • 1893
    • Cathedral of Saint Paul built.
    • St. Mark's School opens.
  • 1895
    • Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad Company headquarters relocated to Birmingham.
    • Birmingham Conservatory of Music established.
  • 1896 - Spencer Business College established.

20th century

1900s-1950s

  • 1900 - Population: 38,415.
  • 1901 - March 25: Storm.
  • 1907
    • Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad Company acquired by United States Steel Corporation.
    • Miles Memorial College active in nearby Fairfield.
  • 1909
  • 1910 - Population: 132,685.
  • 1912 - John Hand Building constructed.
  • 1913 - City Federal Building constructed.
  • 1916
    • October 18: 1916 Irondale earthquake.
    • Robert E. Lee Klan No.1 formed.
  • 1917 - Civitan Club founded.
  • 1918 - Birmingham–Southern College established.
  • 1919 - Alabama Federation of Business and Professional Women’s Clubs formed in Birmingham.
  • 1920
    • Progressive Farmer magazine headquartered in Birmingham.
    • Population: 178,806.
  • 1923 - Traffic lights installed.
  • 1924 - Avondale Sun newspaper begins publication.
  • 1927 - Alabama Theatre opens.
  • 1928 - Exchange-Security Bank established.
  • 1929 - Thomas Jefferson Hotel built.
  • 1930
    • Southern Worker newspaper begins publication.
    • Population: 259,678.
  • 1933 - Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers Union active.
  • 1936
    • Local Steel Workers Organizing Committee formed.
    • Vulcan statue erected atop Red Mountain.
  • 1940 - Population: 267,583.
  • 1942 - Birmingham Historical Society founded.
  • 1950
    • Birmingham Post-Herald newspaper in publication.
    • Population: 326,037.
  • 1955 - Birmingham Zoo established.
  • 1956
    • Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights headquartered in Birmingham.
    • Alabama Symphony Orchestra active.
  • 1958 - EBSCO Industries in business.
  • 1959 - West End Hills Missionary Baptist Church built.

1960s-1990s

  • 1960
  • 1961 - First Baptist Church, Kingston built.
  • 1962 - Two North Twentieth built.
  • 1963
    • April 3: Birmingham campaign for civil rights begins.
    • April 16: Martin Luther King, Jr. writes Letter from Birmingham Jail.
    • May: Birmingham riot of 1963.
    • September 15: 16th Street Baptist Church bombing.
    • Birmingham Botanical Gardens open.
  • 1965
    • Airport Drive-In cinema opens.
    • Southern Museum of Flight established.
  • 1966 - Southern Living magazine headquartered in Birmingham.
  • 1970
    • Daniel Building constructed.
    • Population: 300,910.
  • 1971 - First Alabama Bancshares headquartered in city.
  • 1972 - South Central Bell Building and First National-Southern Natural Building built.
  • 1975 - Birmingham Vulcans football team formed.
  • 1979 - Richard Arrington, Jr. becomes mayor.
  • 1980 - Population: 284,413.
  • 1982
    • Community Food Bank of Central Alabama and Bama 6 cinema open.
    • Sister city agreement established with Hitachi, Japan.
  • 1986 - South Trust Tower built.
  • 1988 - AmSouth-Harbert Plaza (hi-rise) built.
  • 1990
    • Birmingham Islamic Society formed.
    • Population: 265,968.
  • 1992 - Birmingham Civil Rights Institute established.
  • 1993
    • Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame opens.
    • Spencer Bachus becomes U.S. representative for Alabama's 6th congressional district.
  • 1995 - Sister city agreement established with Székesfehérvár, Hungary.
  • 1996
  • 1997 - Sister city agreement established with Gweru, Zimbabwe.
  • 1998
    • April 6–9, 1998 tornado outbreak.
    • Establishment of sister city agreement with Pomigliano d'Arco, Naples, Italy, and friendship city agreements with Chaoyang District, Beijing, China, and Maebashi, Japan.
  • 1999 - Friendship city agreement established with Krasnodon, Ukraine.

21st century

  • 2000 - Population: 242,840.
  • 2003 - Sister city agreement established with Vinnytsia, Ukraine.
  • 2005
    • Birmingham Post-Herald newspaper ceases publication.
    • Locust Fork News-Journal begins publication.
    • Sister city agreements established with Al-Karak, Jordan; Guédiawaye, Senegal; Plzeň, Czech Republic; and Rosh HaAyin, Israel.
  • 2009 - Sister city agreement established with Winneba, Ghana.
  • 2010
    • William A. Bell becomes mayor.
    • Population: 212,237.
  • 2011 - Terri Sewell becomes U.S. representative for Alabama's 7th congressional district.
  • 2015
    • Minimum wage approved in city.
    • Sister city agreement established with Liverpool, England.

Timeline of Birmingham, Alabama Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.