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Timeline of World War II facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

This is Timeline of World War II, which shows the event linked to World War II during 1931-1945.

Before the war



  • September 1: Germany invades Poland, starting World War II in Europe (European War).
  • September 3: Britain and France warns Germany to move all soldiers out of Poland or there will be war. Germany does not respond. Britain and France declare war on Germany.
  • September 17: The Soviet Union invades Poland from the east.
  • October 5-10: Baltic states sign "assistance pacts" with the Soviet Union, allowing it to have soldiers in these countries.
  • October 6: The Polish fight comes to an end.
  • October 20: The "Phoney War" begins.
  • November 24: Japan announces the capture of Nanjing, the Chinese capital at the time.
  • November 30: The Soviet Union invades Finland in the Winter War.


  • 9 April: Denmark surrenders
  • May 10: Germany invades Belgium, France, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • May 25: The Allies falls back to Dunkirk. Hitler orders to stop attacking the Allies troops by land.
  • May 26: The Allies starts moving their soldiers from Dunkirk. By June 4, more than 300,000 Allies troops are transported to Britain.
  • June 2: Norway surrenders.
  • June 10: Italy declares war on Britain and France.
  • June 18: The Soviet Union occupies the Baltic states.
  • June 25: France formally surrenders.
  • July 10: The Battle of Britain begins.
  • September 9: The Italian army in Libya invades Egypt.
  • September 27: The Tripartite Pact is signed in Berlin by Germany, Italy, and Japan.
  • October 15: Italy invades Greece.
  • December 6-9: The Italians are pushed back in Egypt.


  • January 16: British troops start to counter-attack on Italian-held Ethiopia.
  • March 24: German troops in Africa under Erwin Rommel's command wins for the first time. Within three weeks, the British are driven back to Egypt.
  • April 6: Germany attacks Yugoslavia and Greece.
  • April 27: Greece surrenders.
  • May 20: German paratroopers land in Crete. The battle on the island lasts for seven days.
  • June 22: Germany invades the Soviet Union with Operation Barbarossa. Many European Axis are also present. German soldiers are sent to Finland.
  • September 1: Leningrad is under siege.
  • September 19: Kiev is captured.
  • October 2: Battle of Moscow begins.
  • November 27: The Siege of Tobruk is broken.
  • December 5: German attack on Moscow is cancelled. The Soviets start counter-attacking.
  • December 7: Japan attacks Pearl Harbor and many South East Asian nations, starting World War II in the Pacific (Pacific War).


  • April 18: The Doolittle Raid is launched, bombing Tokyo from the United States
  • June 4: Americans defeat Japan at Midway Island.


  • February 2: German forces surrender at Stalingrad.
  • September 8: Italy surrenders.


  • June 6: American, British and Canadian soldiers invade Normandy.
  • August 25: Paris, France is Liberated
  • December 16: German forces attack Americans in Belgium, beginning the Battle of the Bulge.
  • United States enters Germany


  • April 30: Hitler commits suicide.
  • May 7: Germany surrenders.
  • August 6: The First Atomic Bomb is dropped on Hiroshima.
  • August 9: The Second Atomic Bomb is dropped on Nagasaki.
  • September 2: Japan surrenders, ending the war.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Anexo:Cronología de la Segunda Guerra Mundial para niños

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Timeline of World War II Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.