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Traill County, North Dakota facts for kids

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Traill County
Traill County Courthouse
Map of North Dakota highlighting Traill County
Location within the U.S. state of North Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  North Dakota
Founded January 12, 1875 (created)
February 23, 1875 (organized)
Named for Walter John Strickland Traill
Seat Hillsboro
Largest city Mayville
Area
 • Total 863 sq mi (2,240 km2)
 • Land 862 sq mi (2,230 km2)
 • Water 0.6 sq mi (2 km2)  0.07%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 7,997
 • Density 9.267/sq mi (3.5778/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district At-large
Website http://www.co.traill.nd.us

Traill County is a county in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2020 United States Census listed the population at 7,997. Its county seat is Hillsboro, and its largest city is Mayville.

History

Traill County was created in 1875 by the 1874-75 territorial legislature. It was named after Walter John Strickland Traill, an employee of the Hudson's Bay Company and son of Canadian pioneer Catharine Parr Traill.

County headquarters were originally located in a small single-story building in Caledonia. Several replacement courthouses were built during the late 19th century and several votes to move the county seat to Mayville narrowly failed. Efforts to move the county seat to Hillsboro were more successful, and all county records were moved there in 1890. The current Traill County Courthouse started construction in 1905 and is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 863 square miles (2,240 km2), of which 862 square miles (2,230 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (0.07%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 4,123
1890 10,217 147.8%
1900 13,107 28.3%
1910 12,545 −4.3%
1920 12,210 −2.7%
1930 12,600 3.2%
1940 12,300 −2.4%
1950 11,359 −7.7%
1960 10,583 −6.8%
1970 9,571 −9.6%
1980 9,624 0.6%
1990 8,752 −9.1%
2000 8,477 −3.1%
2010 8,121 −4.2%
2020 7,997 −1.5%
US Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2020

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,121 people, 3,394 households, and 2,150 families in the county. The population density was 9.42/sqmi (3.71/km2). There were 3,780 housing units at an average density of 4.39/sqmi (1.73/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.2% white, 0.8% American Indian, 0.5% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 1.1% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 53.2% were Norwegian, 38.1% were German, 5.9% were Irish, and 2.6% were American.

Of the 3,394 households, 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.7% were non-families, and 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 42.6 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,290 and the median income for a family was $60,054. Males had a median income of $39,846 versus $28,378 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,340. About 4.6% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Major highways

Airports

The following public-use airports are location in Traill County:

Communities

TraillCountyND
Sunflower field in Traill County

Cities

Townships

  • Belmont
  • Bingham
  • Blanchard
  • Bloomfield
  • Bohnsack
  • Buxton
  • Caledonia
  • Eldorado
  • Elm River
  • Ervin
  • Galesburg
  • Garfield
  • Greenfield
  • Herberg
  • Hillsboro
  • Kelso
  • Lindaas
  • Mayville
  • Morgan
  • Norman
  • Norway
  • Roseville
  • Stavanger
  • Viking
  • Wold

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

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