Polk County, Minnesota facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Polk County, Minnesota
Map

Location in the state of Minnesota
Map of the USA highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded July 20, 1858 (created)
1872 (organized)
Seat Crookston
Largest City East Grand Forks
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,998 sq mi (5,175 km²)
1,971 sq mi (5,105 km²)
27 sq mi (70 km²), 1.3%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

31,533
16/sq mi (6/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.co.polk.mn.us
Named for: James Knox Polk

Polk County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. The population was 31,600 at the 2010 census. Its county seat is Crookston, and the largest community is East Grand Forks.

Polk County is included in the Grand Forks, ND-MN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Polk county was named after the country's 11th president, James K. Polk, who on March 3, 1849, signed the Congressional act organizing the Minnesota Territory. The county was formed on July 20, 1858 and formally organized in 1872-73.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,998 square miles (5,170 km2), of which 1,971 square miles (5,100 km2) is land and 27 square miles (70 km2) (1.3%) is water.

Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information

Major highways

  • US 2.svg U.S. Highway 2
  • US 59.svg U.S. Highway 59
  • US 75.svg U.S. Highway 75
  • MN-9.svg Minnesota State Highway 9
  • MN-32.svg Minnesota State Highway 32
  • MN-92.svg Minnesota State Highway 92
  • MN-102.svg Minnesota State Highway 102
  • MN-220.svg Minnesota State Highway 220
  • Polk County 21: Major connector between Polk County and Thief River Falls. Connects with Pennington County 3.
  • Polk County 11 and Polk County 46: US-2 Truck Bypass of Crookston. Polk County 11 runs east and west between US-2 in Crookston and Polk County 46 just west of Gentilly and Polk County 46 runs north and south from Polk County 11 and US-2.
  • Polk County 9: Runs east and west connecting US-75 and US-2 on the south side of Crookston.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge
  • Rydell National Wildlife Refuge

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 11,433
1890 30,192 164.1%
1900 35,429 17.3%
1910 36,001 1.6%
1920 37,090 3.0%
1930 36,019 −2.9%
1940 37,734 4.8%
1950 35,900 −4.9%
1960 36,182 0.8%
1970 34,435 −4.8%
1980 34,844 1.2%
1990 32,498 −6.7%
2000 31,369 −3.5%
2010 31,600 0.7%
Est. 2015 31,533 −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015
USA Polk County, Minnesota age pyramid
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

As of the census of 2000, there were 31,369 people, 12,070 households, and 8,050 families residing in the county. The population density was 16 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 14,008 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.18% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 1.30% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.57% from other races, and 1.30% from two or more races. 4.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 41.7% were of Norwegian, 19.7% German and 5.8% French ancestry.

There were 12,070 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.90% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.30% were non-families. 28.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.90% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 24.80% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 17.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,105, and the median income for a family was $44,310. Males had a median income of $31,472 versus $21,535 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,279. About 7.30% of families and 10.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of those under age 18 and 10.90% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Townships

  • Andover Township
  • Angus Township
  • Badger Township
  • Belgium Township
  • Brandsvold Township
  • Brandt Township
  • Brislet Township
  • Bygland Township
  • Chester Township
  • Columbia Township
  • Crookston Township
  • Eden Township
  • Esther Township
  • Euclid Township
  • Fairfax Township
  • Fanny Township
  • Farley Township
  • Fisher Township
  • Garden Township
  • Garfield Township
  • Gentilly Township
  • Godfrey Township
  • Grand Forks Township
  • Grove Park-Tilden Township
  • Gully Township
  • Hammond Township
  • Helgeland Township
  • Higdem Township
  • Hill River Township
  • Hubbard Township
  • Huntsville Township
  • Johnson Township
  • Kertsonville Township
  • Keystone Township
  • King Township
  • Knute Township
  • Lessor Township
  • Liberty Township
  • Lowell Township
  • Nesbit Township
  • Northland Township
  • Onstad Township
  • Parnell Township
  • Queen Township
  • Reis Township
  • Rhinehart Township
  • Roome Township
  • Rosebud Township
  • Russia Township
  • Sandsville Township
  • Scandia Township
  • Sletten Township
  • Sullivan Township
  • Tabor Township
  • Tynsid Township
  • Vineland Township
  • Winger Township
  • Woodside Township

Unincorporated communities


Polk County, Minnesota Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.