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Vernon, Texas
Vernon City Hall
Vernon City Hall
Motto(s): 
"Steer Our Way!"
Location of Vernon, Texas
Location of Vernon, Texas
Wilbarger County Vernon.svg
Country United States
State Texas
County Wilbarger
Area
 • Total 7.90 sq mi (20.47 km2)
 • Land 7.89 sq mi (20.45 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation
1,184 ft (361 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 11,002
 • Estimate 
(2019)
10,323
 • Density 1,307.54/sq mi (504.86/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
76384-76385
Area code(s) 940
FIPS code 48-75308
GNIS feature ID 1370623
Website Vernon, Texas
Downtown Vernon, TX Picture 2209
A glimpse of downtown Vernon, with Waggoner National Bank in the left background
Red River Valley Museum, Vernon, TX Picture 2202
The Red River Valley Museum is located on the Vernon College campus.

Vernon is a city in Wilbarger County, Texas, United States. It is the county seat, and as of the 2010 Census had a population of 11,002.

History

The original town was called Eagle Springs by the Tonkawa Indians as early as 1858. After the American Civil War, more settlers began moving in the area, and in 1880 they applied for a post office as Eagle Flat. However, the U.S. Post Office rejected the name, saying too many Texas towns were already called Eagle something. The town then chose the name Vernon, after George Washington's home, Mount Vernon.

An estimated seven million head of cattle passed through Vernon on the Great Western Cattle Trail between 1873 and the 1890s. The historic trail was located ninety miles west of and parallel to the better-known Chisholm Trail.

Geography

Vernon is located at 34°09′04″N 99°17′26″W / 34.151116°N 99.290473°W / 34.151116; -99.290473 (34.151116, −99.290473).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 8.1 square miles (21.0 km2), of which 8.1 square miles (21.0 km2) is land and 0.12% is water.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Vernon has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 2,857
1900 1,993 −30.2%
1910 3,195 60.3%
1920 5,142 60.9%
1930 9,137 77.7%
1940 9,277 1.5%
1950 12,651 36.4%
1960 12,141 −4.0%
1970 11,454 −5.7%
1980 12,695 10.8%
1990 12,001 −5.5%
2000 11,660 −2.8%
2010 11,002 −5.6%
Est. 2019 10,323 −6.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, 11,660 people, 4,506 households, and 2,946 families were residing in the city. The population density was 1,439.2 people/sq mi (555.8/km2). The 5,166 housing units averaged 637.6/sq mi (246.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 76.33% White, 9.65% African American, 0.69% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 10.74% from other races, and 1.89% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 22.39% of the population.

Of the 4,506 households, 31.3% had children under 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were not families. About 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.44, and the average family size was 3.07.

In the city, the age distribution was 26.6% under 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,194, and for a family was $36,913. Males had a median income of $25,167 versus $18,971 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,747. About 10.2% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under 18 and 14.6% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture

Santa Rosa Roundup Rodeo

Vernon is host to various events annually including the four-day Santa Rosa Roundup rodeo in May, which is sponsored by the local Santa Rosa Palomino Club. VSMCA is host to Summer's Last Blast, a car show that shows a variety of the 50s - late 2000s cars, which is held the second weekend of August every year.

1979 tornado

On April 10, 1979, Vernon and surrounding Wilbarger County were struck by an F4 tornado, a part of a large storm in the Red River Valley. Much of Vernon was damaged or destroyed, and eleven people were killed as the tornado passed through Foard and Wilbarger counties before it dissipated in a rural portion of Tillman County, Oklahoma. That same day, tornadoes also devastated the larger nearby cities of Wichita Falls, Texas, and Lawton, Oklahoma.



Economy

In 1905, the Wichita Mill and Elevator Company, owned and managed by the entrepreneur Frank Kell of Wichita Falls, established a mill in Vernon. Kell's business partner was W. O. Anderson.

Major businesses and industries in Vernon include a Tyson Foods (formerly Wright Brand Foods) bacon processing plant, a Rhodia, Inc. guar processing plant, North Texas State Hospital, which is operated by the Texas Department of State Health Services (an agency of the Texas Health and Human Services System), Victory Field Correctional Academy (a juvenile detention facility operated by the Texas Youth Commission), and the Texas AgriLife (Texas A&M System) Research and Extension Center.

The nearby Waggoner Ranch holds the distinction of being the largest spread in Texas under one fence. The ranch remains operational, with business in petroleum, farming, horses, and cattle. The Waggoner produces some of the best ranch horses in Texas, many from the breeding of the quarter horse Poco Bueno. According to the wishes of E. Paul Waggoner, Poco Bueno is buried in a standing position on the corner at the main entrance to the ranch.

Education

Public education

The Vernon Independent School District serves students in grades prekindergarten through 12. The district's school campuses include three elementary schools (grades prekindergarten through 5), a middle school (grades 6–8) and Vernon High School (grades 9–12). The district also operates an alternative education program and an education program for juveniles of the Adolescent Forensic Program at North Texas State Hospital

Vernon High School's football team, the Vernon Lions, was one of the strongest programs in the 3A division until recently. The Lions won the 3A state championship in 1990 and were ranked number one all year. They finished in second place the previous year. The Lions have finished as semifinalists in 2003 and 2006, and were ranked in top 10 for the 2007 season, when they lost in a close game in the state quarterfinals to Snyder. The overall record of Vernon High School football is 595-363-38 (a winning percentage of 62.27%)

Vernon High School's first team state championship came in the 1984–1985 season as the Lady Lions won the 3A girls basketball state title. The Lady Lions returned to Austin the next season and were defeated in the semifinals.

Vernon High School is also known for its tennis team, which has completed 23 straight years of going to the Texas Tennis Coaches Association State Team Tennis Tournament. VHS Tennis has six TTCA state team tennis titles and has finished no lower than third place in 22 of the 23 years.

Vernon College IMG 0708
Vernon College is a community college in Vernon.
Vernon College Administration Building IMG 0709
Osborne Administration Building at Vernon College

Vernon College

Vernon College, a two-year community college, is located here and maintains a branch campus in Wichita Falls. Academic offerings include cosmetology, nursing, and vocational-technical programs. Athletically, Vernon College fields women's softball, women's volleyball, men's baseball, and rodeo teams. The rodeo team is consistently ranked high in the JUCO level of competition.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Vernon is located 50 miles northwest of Wichita Falls, Texas and about 160 to 180 miles from surrounding metropolitan areas, including Amarillo, Abilene, Oklahoma City, and the DFW Metroplex. The city is served by four U.S. routes: 70, 183, 283, and 287.

Bus transportation is available to Amarillo and Dallas-Fort Worth. Wilbarger County Airport is located 5 miles north of Vernon and the nearest airport with scheduled flights is Wichita Falls Municipal Airport 50 miles to the east, which predominantly offers flights of commuter airlines to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport.

The nearest international airports from Vernon with major airline connections include Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport, Will Rogers World Airport in Oklahoma City, and Rick Husband Amarillo International Airport in Amarillo.

The area is also served by a BNSF line bypassing downtown from Ft. Worth to Amarillo.

Notable people

  • Kay Adams (born 1941), country singer
  • Skandor Akbar, former professional wrestler in the Universal Wrestling Federation, 2021 inductee into the Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame
  • James Dixon, former professional football player for the Dallas Cowboys
  • Robert L. Duncan (born 1953), Republican former member of Texas House of Representatives and Texas State Senate, born in Vernon, resided in Lubbock, where in 2014, he was named chancellor of Texas Tech University System
  • Roy C. Farrell (1912–1996), co-founder of Cathay Pacific
  • Lawrence Gaines, former professional football player for Detroit Lions
  • Clyde Gates (born 1986), NFL wide receiver and return specialist for Miami Dolphins
  • Robert Gauldin (born 1931), classical music composer
  • Rick Hardcastle (born 1956), Republican former member of Texas House of Representatives from Vernon
  • Jerry Haymes (born 1940), musician
  • Bill Herchman, former professional football player for San Francisco 49ers, Dallas Cowboys and Houston Oilers
  • Jack English Hightower (born 1926), politician, former 46th Judicial District Attorney
  • Dan Kubiak (1938–1998), politician; taught and coached in Vernon in 1962–1963 academic year
  • John C. Morgan (1914–1991), World War II United States Army Air Forces B-17 pilot and Medal of Honor recipient
  • Roy Orbison (1936–1988), nicknamed "The Big O," Orbison was a Grammy Award-winning singer-songwriter and guitarist, and a pioneer of rock and roll, whose recording career spanned more than four decades
  • Mac Percival, former professional football player for Chicago Bears and Dallas Cowboys
  • Daryl Richardson (born 1990), NFL running back for the Cleveland Browns
  • Eck Robertson (1887–1975), fiddle player, noted as first country musician to be commercially recorded (1922)
  • Cory Roper (born 1977), NASCAR Camping World Truck Series driver
  • Bernard Scott (born 1984), former NFL running back for the Cincinnati Bengals
  • Kenneth Starr, lead prosecutor in Clinton impeachment and later president of Baylor University
  • Jack Teagarden (1905–1964), influential jazz trombonist and vocalist
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