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Waterford, Vermont
Waterford seen across Moore Reservoir
Waterford seen across Moore Reservoir
Waterford, Vermont
Waterford, Vermont
Waterford, Vermont is located in the United States
Waterford, Vermont
Waterford, Vermont
Location in the United States
Country United States
State Vermont
County Caledonia
Chartered November 8, 1780,
Communities Lower Waterford
West Waterford
Area
 • Total 39.7 sq mi (102.9 km2)
 • Land 38.3 sq mi (99.2 km2)
 • Water 1.4 sq mi (3.7 km2)
Elevation
1,306 ft (398 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 1,268
 • Density 33/sq mi (12.8/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
05819
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-77125
GNIS feature ID 1462245

Waterford is a town in Caledonia County, Vermont, United States. The population was 1,268 at the 2020 census.

History

The town was formed by the Vermont charter on November 8, 1780, and was originally called Littleton, but the name was changed to Waterford in 1797. The town may have been named after Waterford, Ireland, or for the ford that ran across the Connecticut River in that area.

Geography

Waterford is located in eastern Caledonia County along the Connecticut River, the eastern border of Vermont. The town is bordered by Barnet to the west, St. Johnsbury to the northwest, Kirby to the north, and Concord, Vermont, to the east. The town of Littleton, New Hampshire, is to the south, across the Connecticut River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Waterford has a total area of 39.7 square miles (102.9 km2), of which 38.3 square miles (99.2 km2) is land and 1.4 square miles (3.7 km2), or 3.59%, is water.

The town is crossed by Interstate 93 and Interstate 91. The northern terminus of I-93, at I-91, is in the western corner of the town, just south of St. Johnsbury. Exit 1 on I-93 serves the northern part of Waterford. Vermont Route 18 is a two-lane highway that parallels I-93.

The highest point in Waterford is the 2,017-foot (615 m) summit of Fuller Hill, near the town's eastern border.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 63
1800 565 796.8%
1810 1,289 128.1%
1820 1,247 −3.3%
1830 1,358 8.9%
1840 1,388 2.2%
1850 1,412 1.7%
1860 1,171 −17.1%
1870 879 −24.9%
1880 815 −7.3%
1890 734 −9.9%
1900 705 −4.0%
1910 629 −10.8%
1920 574 −8.7%
1930 712 24.0%
1940 498 −30.1%
1950 468 −6.0%
1960 460 −1.7%
1970 586 27.4%
1980 882 50.5%
1990 1,190 34.9%
2000 1,104 −7.2%
2010 1,280 15.9%
2020 1,268 −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

At the 2000 census there were 1,104 people in 424 households, including 340 families, in the town. The population density was 28.9 people per square mile (11.2/km2). There were 477 housing units at an average density of 12.5 per square mile (4.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.55% White, 0.27% Asian, and 1.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.27%.

Of the 424 households 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.7% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.8% were non-families. 15.8% of households were one person and 6.1% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 2.88.

The age distribution was 24.6% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 31.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% 65 or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.5 males.

Arts and culture

The area known as "White Village" features homes from the 1700s, a church, post office and bed and breakfast.

In popular culture

The film State and Main is about a film production; it is set in Waterford, although it was actually filmed in Massachusetts.



Economy

Personal income

The median household income was $50,197 and the median family income was $52,105. Males had a median income of $32,100 versus $23,839 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,762. About 2.3% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

Waterford has the highest per capita income of any town or city in

the Northeast Kingdom. It ranks 74 out of 282 census areas in Vermont.

Education

Waterford Public Schools are part of the Caledonia Central Supervisory Union. The district serves students in prekindergarten to eighth grade.

Notable people

  • Amos K. Hadley, Speaker of the New York State Assembly
  • Jonathan Ross, Chief Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court and a United States Senator from Vermont
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