Yamagata Prefecture facts for kids
|Area (rank)||9,323.34 km² (9th)|
|- % water||0.02%|
|Population (Octber 1, 2012)|
|- Population||1,151,863 (35rd)|
|- Density||123.55 /km²|
|- Flower||Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius)|
|- Bird||Mandarin duck (Aix galericulata)|
|- Fish||Cherry salmon (Oncorhynchus masou)|
Symbol of Yamagata Prefecture
The aboriginal Ezo (蝦夷) people once lived in the area now known as Yamagata.
This area was called "Yamagata" for the first time in Heian period. However, different characters were used to write it. The reason why this area was called Yamagata is not clear. In Nanboku-chō period, Yamagata was written in same kanji that it is today.
Yamagata Prefecture is located in the southwest corner of Tōhoku. It faces the Sea of Japan. It borders Niigata Prefecture and Fukushima Prefecture on the south, Miyagi Prefecture on the east, and Akita Prefecture on the north.
The Mogami and the Zaou are the two major rivers in the prefecture.
Thirteen cities are located in Yamagata Prefecture:
National parks cover about 17% of the total land area of the prefecture. They include:
- Bandai-Asahi National Park
Shrines and temples
Yamagata is a farming area. It grows the most cherries and pears in the country. Over 70 percent of cherries in Japan are grown in Yamagata. Growing apples is important around the city of Yonezawa. The safflower is a symbol of Yamagata Prefecture. The number of farms growing safflower have steadily decreased since the 18th century. Yonezawa beef is bred in Yonezawa city. It is one of the most famous varieties of beef in Japan. Yonezawa is also known for its soba noodles.
Shogi (chess) pieces are made in the city of Tendo. The pieces are carved from wood.
Hanagasa festival has been held since 1963 and is one of the major festivals in Tohoku region. At the festival, the dancers dance with "Hanagasa" that is a hat decorated with red flowers. Uesugi snow lantern festival is held on the second weekend of February. The candles in more than 300 snow lanterns and 3,000 snow lamps are lit up.
- Provinces of Japan
- Prefectures of Japan
- List of regions of Japan
- List of islands of Japan
- Montedio Yamagata
Images for kids
Yamagata Prefecture Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.