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3rd millennium BC facts for kids

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Millennia: 4th millennium BC · 3rd millennium BC · 2nd millennium BC
Centuries: 30th century BC · 29th century BC · 28th century BC · 27th century BC · 26th century BC · 25th century BC · 24th century BC · 23rd century BC · 22nd century BC · 21st century BC

The 3rd millennium BC spans the Early to Middle Bronze Age.

This was a period of time in which the desire to conquer was common. Expansion occurred throughout the Middle East and throughout Eurasia, with Indo-European expansion to Anatolia, Europe and Central Asia. The civilization of Ancient Egypt rose to a peak with the Old Kingdom. World population is estimated to have doubled in the course of the millennium to 30 million people.


Victory stele of Naram Sin 9070
Akkadian victory propaganda. The Louvre Museum, Paris.
Near East
Further information: Neolithic Europe
  • c. 3200 BC: Cycladic culture in Aegean islands of Greece.
  • c. 3200 BC–3100 BC: Helladic culture in mainland Greece.
  • c. 3200 BC–2800 BC: Ozieri culture.
  • Founding of Europe's oldest civilization, the Minoan Civilization in 3000 BC.
  • Corded Ware culture (also Battle-axe culture, or Single Grave culture).
  • Late Maikop culture.
  • Late Vinca culture.
  • Globular Amphora culture.
  • Early Beaker culture.
  • Yamnaya culture, Catacomb culture, likely loci of Indo-European Satemization.
  • The Sintashta-Petrovka-Arkaim culture emerges from the Catacomb culture from about 2200 BC, likely locus of Proto-Indo-Iranian.
  • Butmir culture.
  • Late Funnelbeaker culture.
  • Baden culture.
  • Gaudo culture.
South Asia
East and Southeast Asia
  • Longshan culture
  • Baodun culture
  • Shijiahe culture
  • Liangzhu culture
  • Majiayao culture
  • Lower Xiajiadian culture
  • c. 2500 BC: Austronesian peoples from Formosa colonize Luzon in northern Philippines.
Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Savanna Pastoral Neolithic
  • Elmenteitan


Los Millares recreacion cuadro
A model of the prehistoric town of Los Millares, with its walls.

Certain 4th millennium BC events were precursors to the 3rd millennium BC:

  • c. 3700 BC: Lothal: Indus Valley trade-port city in India.
  • c. 3650 BC–3000 BC: Minoan culture appeared on Crete.
  • c. 3200 BC/3100 BC: Helladic culture and Cycladic culture both emerge in Greece.

The 3rd millennium BC included the following key events:

Marble seated harp player MET DP256380
Harp Player from the island of Keros, made by the Cycladic culture sometime in the 28th century BC.

  • c. 2498 BC: Fifth Dynasty of Egypt, reign of Userkaf.
  • c. 2492 BC: The Armenian patriarch Hayk defeats the Babylonian king Bel (legendary account).
  • c. 2345 BC: Sixth Dynasty of Egypt, reign of Teti.
  • 2334 BC: Sargon of Akkad conquers Mesopotamia, establishing the Akkadian Empire.
  • c. 2300 BC: C-Group pastoralists arrive in Nubia.
  • c. 2181 BC: Seventh and Eighth Dynasty of Egypt (2181–2160).
  • c. 2160 BC: Ninth Dynasty of Egypt, reign of Akhtoy Meryibtowe.
  • c. 2130 BC: Tenth Dynasty of Egypt, reign of Meryhathor.
  • c. 2134 BC: Eleventh Dynasty of Egypt, reign of Mentuhotep I.
  • Megalithic, Corded Ware culture and the Beaker flourish in Europe.
  • Sumerian poetry, lamenting the death of Tammuz, the shepherd god.
  • Sumerian cuneiform writing (reduces pictographs still in use to about 550 BC).
  • Major religious festival in Sumeria celebrates victory of god of spring over goddess of chaos.
  • Earliest Trojan culture.
  • Glass beads in Egypt.
  • Beginning of the Pengtoushan culture in China.
  • The world's last surviving mammoth population, on Wrangel Island in the Arctic Ocean, goes extinct, sometime between 2500 and 2000 BC.
  • c. 2070 BC–1600 BC: The legendary Xia Dynasty in China.

Significant people

Inventions, discoveries, introductions

The Medicine Wheel in Bighorn National Forest, Wyoming, United States.

Cultural landmarks

Stonehenge2007 07 30

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: III milenio a. C. para niños

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