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Alexander Thomas Augusta
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Alexander Thomas Augusta
Born (1825-03-08)March 8, 1825
Died December 21, 1890(1890-12-21) (aged 65)
Resting place Arlington National Cemetery
Nationality American
Occupation Surgeon
Known for American Civil War surgeon

Alexander Thomas Augusta (March 8, 1825 – December 21, 1890) was a surgeon, veteran of the American Civil War, and the first black professor of medicine in the United States. After gaining his medical education in Toronto in the Province of Canada, from 1850 to 1856, he set up a practice there. He returned to the United States shortly before the start of the American Civil War.

Augusta offered his services to the United States Army and in 1863, he was commissioned as major and the Army's first African-American physician; he became the first black hospital administrator in U.S. history while serving in the army. He left the army in 1866 at the rank of brevet lieutenant colonel.

In 1868 Augusta was the first African American to be appointed to the faculty of Howard University and the first to any medical college in the United States.

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