Barmouth facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Abermaw
Barmouth.jpg
Abermaw across the Mawddach estuary
Abermaw shown within Gwynedd
Population 2,522 
OS grid reference SH613158
Community
  • Barmouth
Principal area
Ceremonial county
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BARMOUTH
Postcode district LL42
Dialling code 01341
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament
  • Dwyfor Meirionnydd
Welsh Assembly
  • Dwyfor Meirionnydd
List of places
UK
Wales
GwyneddLua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:mw' not found.

Barmouth (Welsh: Abermaw (formal); Y Bermo (colloquial)) is a town in the county of Gwynedd, north-western Wales, lying on the estuary of the River Mawddach and Cardigan Bay. Located in the Historic county of Merionethshire, the Welsh form of the name is derived from "Aber" (estuary) and the river's name, "Mawddach".

The town is served by Barmouth railway station.

History

Barmouth, with Cader Idris
Barmouth, with Cader Idris in the background, 1865.
From N. W., Barmouth, Wales-LCCN2001703421
The town in the 1890s
Barmouth Sands by William Collins, 1835, Guildhall Gallery, London
Barmouth Sands by William Collins, 1835, Guildhall Gallery, London

The town grew around the shipbuilding industry, and more recently as a seaside resort. Notable buildings include the mediaeval Tŷ Gwyn tower house, the 19th century Tŷ Crwn roundhouse prison and St John's Church.

William Wordsworth, a visitor to Barmouth in the 19th century, described it thus: "With a fine sea view in front, the mountains behind, the glorious estuary running eight miles inland, and Cadair Idris within compass of a day's walk, Barmouth can always hold its own against any rival."[this quote needs a citation]

Dinas Oleu (Welsh:Citadel of Light) which is located east of the town on the adjoining hillside, was the first tract of land to be donated to the National Trust.

In January 2014 two trains were stranded at Barmouth after severe winter storms destroyed the sea wall at nearby Llanaber.

Transport

Barmouth Bridge, which takes the Cambrian Line over the River Mawddach, was also formerly at the end of the GWR Ruabon Barmouth line, which passed through Bala and Dolgellau. The southern end of the bridge is now the start of the Mawddach Trail, a cycle path and walk way that utilises the old trackbed.

The Barmouth Ferry sails from Barmouth to Penrhyn Point, where it connects with the narrow gauge Fairbourne Railway for the village of Fairbourne.

Barmouth is (geographically) one of the closest seaside resorts to the English West Midlands and a large proportion of its tourist visitors, as well as its permanent residents, are from Wolverhampton, Birmingham, Dudley and other parts of the Black Country, and Telford, Shropshire.

The town has a RNLI lifeboat station with a Visitors' Centre with shop and viewing gallery.


Barmouth Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.