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Bruno Le Maire
|Minister of the Economy, Finance and Recovery|
17 May 2017
|Prime Minister||Édouard Philippe
|Preceded by||Michel Sapin|
|Minister of Food, Agriculture and Fishing|
23 June 2009 – 15 May 2012
|Prime Minister||François Fillon|
|Preceded by||Michel Barnier|
|Succeeded by||Stéphane Le Foll|
|Secretary of State for European Affairs|
18 December 2008 – 23 June 2009
|Prime Minister||François Fillon|
|Preceded by||Jean-Pierre Jouyet|
|Succeeded by||Pierre Lellouche|
|Member of the National Assembly
for Eure's 1st constituency
20 June 2012 – 21 July 2017
|Preceded by||Guy Lefrand|
|Succeeded by||Séverine Gipson|
20 June 2007 – 13 January 2009
|Preceded by||Françoise Charpentier|
|Succeeded by||Guy Lefrand|
15 April 1969 |
|Political party||La République En Marche! (2017–present)|
|The Republicans (2015–2017)
Union for a Popular Movement (before 2015)
Pauline Doussau de Bazignan
|Alma mater||École normale supérieure
École nationale d'administration
Bruno Le Maire (French: [bʁy.no lə mɛʁ]; born 15 April 1969) is a French politician and former diplomat who has served as Minister of the Economy and Finance since 2017 under President Emmanuel Macron. A former member of The Republicans (LR), which he left in 2017 to join La République En Marche! (LREM), he was Secretary of State for European Affairs from 2008 to 2009 and Minister of Food, Agriculture and Fishing from 2009 to 2012 under President Nicolas Sarkozy. Le Maire is also a noted writer, with his book Des hommes d'Etat winning the 2008 Edgar Faure Prize.
- Early life and education
- Other activities
- Personal life
- Depiction in film
- See also
Early life and education
Bruno Le Maire was born on 15 April 1969 in Neuilly-sur-Seine. He is the son of Maurice Le Maire, an executive at the oil company Total, and Viviane Fradin de Belâbre, a headmistress of private Catholic schools, mainly Lycée Saint-Louis-de-Gonzague. Le Maire was educated at Lycée Saint-Louis-de-Gonzague until he obtained his baccalauréat.
Le Maire began attending the École normale supérieure in 1989, and then Paris-Sorbonne University, where he studied French literature. He graduated from Sciences Po in 1995, and was accepted into the École nationale d'administration (ÉNA) in 1996.
Bruno Le Maire is married to painter Pauline Doussau de Bazignan, who is the mother of his four sons. His wife was employed as his parliamentary assistant from 2007 to 2013.
After leaving the ÉNA in 1998, Bruno Le Maire found a job in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development. He eventually joined the team assisting the Secretary General of the Office of the President, Dominique de Villepin. He went on to a role of Foreign Affairs Advisor in the ministry in 2002, then onto an advisor role in the Interior ministry in 2004.
Following several roles in Government including one working directly with Dominique de Villepin, Le Maire was chosen to be political advisor to the Prime Minister. In July 2006, Le Maire was appointed to the role of being Chief of Staff for the Prime Minister, replacing Pierre Mongin remaining in the role until Villepin's departure from the office of Prime Minister.
From 2007 to 2008, he was a member of the National Assembly of France, representing Eure's 1st constituency. After becoming a political advisor to the UMP, Le Maire was appointed to be Secretary of State in charge of European Affairs, replacing Jean-Pierre Jouyet, in December 2008, serving until 2009.
Minister of Food, Agriculture and Fishing, 2009–2012
In June 2009, Le Maire became the new Minister of Food, Agriculture and Fishing in the government of François Fillon. During his tenure at the Ministry, he created a new framework to modernize French agriculture, food and fishing. He also hosted the G20 Agriculture summit in 2011, which resulted in the creation of AMIS (Agricultural Market Information System). The main objective of AMIS is to monitor the global agricultural market under a rotating presidency. An intervention Forum can be convoked if the presiding country judges it necessary.
Candidacies for leadership roles
In August 2012, Le Maire announced that he would be a candidate for the presidency of the Union for a Popular Movement, competing against former Prime Minister François Fillon, Secretary General Jean-François Copé and former Minister of Ecology Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet. He decided to develop a reformist line and to focus his campaign around four main axes:
- Enhancing European economic integration
- Strengthening French entrepreneurship and economy
- Going back to the values of respect and authority in society
- Renewing generations in political parties.
He failed however to obtain the necessary number of sponsors. In November 2014, Le Maire obtained 29.8% of votes against Nicolas Sarkozy in the election for the presidency of The Republicans (formerly UMP).
Le Maire was considered a serious challenger of the 2016 centre-right primary as the polls suggested he could be third-placed but got a poor result with 2.4%. He became LR candidate François Fillon’s international affairs spokesman, but resigned when Fillon was embroiled in a financial scandal during his campaign. Le Maire has since distanced himself from his party, calling for the right to work constructively with Macron to ensure the president's five years in office succeeds and prevents the far-right National Front making further electoral inroads.
On 17 May 2017, The Republicans Secretary-General Bernard Accoyer issued a statement that anyone from the party that was a member of the government was no longer a member, including Le Maire.
Minister of the Economy and Finance, 2017–present
In May 2017, Le Maire was appointed by President Emmanuel Macron Minister of the Economy in the first Philippe government. In this capacity, he is supported by Budget Minister Gerald Darmanin. Shortly after being appointed as the Minister of the Economy, Le Maire became a member of La République En Marche! following conflicting reports that he was excluded from The Republicans party. Le Maire was able to win reelection in his constituency after beating National Front candidate, Fabienne Delacour. He was appointed Minister of the Economy and Finance in the second Philippe government on 19 June 2017.
By November 2017, Le Maire was reported to explore his options to succeed Jeroen Dijsselbloem as the next President of the Eurogroup; the role of which was eventually given to Mário Centeno of Portugal. In 2019, he led the European Union's selection process for a European candidate to succeed Christine Lagarde as managing director of the International Monetary Fund.
On 5 June 2022, Le Maire said that France negotiated with the United Arab Emirates to replace some oil imports from Russia.
European Union organisations
- European Investment Bank (EIB), ex officio member of the Board of Governors
- European Stability Mechanism (ESM), member of the Board of Governors
- Asian Development Bank (ADB), ex officio member of the Board of Governors
- Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), ex officio member of the Board of Governors
- European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), ex officio member of the Board of Governors
- Inter-American Investment Corporation (IIC), ex officio member of the Board of Governors
- International Monetary Fund (IMF), ex officio member of the Board of Governors
- Joint World Bank-IMF Development Committee, Member
- Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), World Bank Group, ex officio member of the Board of Governors
- World Bank, ex officio member of the Board of Governors
- European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR), member
- Hertie School of Governance, member of the Board of Trustees
- Long-Term Investors Club, member
- Permanent Platform of Atomium Culture, member of the Advisory Board
Le Maire is married to Pauline Doussau de Bazignan. They have four children. The family has a holiday home in Saint-Pée-sur-Nivelle.
Depiction in film
In the movie La Conquête (The Conquest), about Nicolas Sarkozy's career, he was played by Emmanuel Noblet.
- Denmark: Commander 1st Class of the Order of the Dannebrog (2018)
- France: Commander of the Ordre du Mérite Maritime (2009)
- Germany: Knight Commander of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (2022)
- Senegal: Commander of the National Order of the Lion (2019)
In Spanish: Bruno Le Maire para niños
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