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Olaf Scholz

MdB
Olaf Scholz 2021 cropped.jpg
Scholz in September 2021
Chancellor of Germany
Assumed office
8 December 2021
President
Vice Chancellor
Preceded by Angela Merkel
Vice Chancellor of Germany
In office
14 March 2018 – 8 December 2021
Chancellor Angela Merkel
Preceded by Sigmar Gabriel
Succeeded by Robert Habeck
Minister of Finance
In office
14 March 2018 – 8 December 2021
Chancellor Angela Merkel
Preceded by Wolfgang Schäuble
Succeeded by Christian Lindner
First Mayor of Hamburg
In office
7 March 2011 – 13 March 2018
Second Mayor Dorothee Stapelfeldt
Katharina Fegebank
Preceded by Christoph Ahlhaus
Succeeded by Peter Tschentscher
Personal details
Born (1958-06-14) 14 June 1958 (age 63)
Osnabrück, West Germany
Political party Social Democratic Party
Spouse(s)
  • Britta Ernst (m. 1998)
Residence Old Market Square, Potsdam
Alma mater University of Hamburg
Occupation
  • Politician
  • lawyer
  • cooperative syndic
Signature Olaf Scholz Signature.svg

Olaf Scholz ( born (1958-06-14)14 June 1958) is a German politician serving as Chancellor of Germany since 2021. He previously served as vice chancellor to Angela Merkel and as minister of Finance from 2018 to 2021. He was also First Mayor of Hamburg from 2011 to 2018 and was the deputy leader of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) from 2009 to 2019. In the 2021 German federal election, from which the SPD emerged as the strongest parliamentary party, Scholz was his party's candidate for chancellor. The SPD, Alliance 90/The Greens and the FDP agreed to form a coalition government (traffic light coalition) on 24 November 2021. After the coalition agreement was signed on 7 December, Scholz was elected as Chancellor of Germany by the Bundestag on 8 December 2021.

Scholz is a lawyer and was called to the bar in 1985, specialising in labour and employment law. He became a member of the SPD in the 1970s and was a member of the Bundestag from 1998 to 2011. He served in the Hamburg Government under First Mayor Ortwin Runde in 2001, before his election as General Secretary of the SPD in 2002, serving alongside the SPD leader and Chancellor Gerhard Schröder. After stepping down as General Secretary in 2004, he became his party's Chief Whip in the Bundestag, later entering the First Merkel Government in 2007 as Minister of Labour and Social Affairs. After the SPD left the Government following the 2009 election, Scholz returned to lead the SPD in Hamburg, and was also elected Deputy Leader of the SPD. He led his party to victory in the 2011 Hamburg state election, and became First Mayor, holding that position until 2018.

After the SPD entered the Fourth Merkel Government in 2018, Scholz was appointed as both Minister of Finance and Vice Chancellor of Germany. In 2019, Scholz ran on a joint ticket with former Brandenburg state representative Klara Geywitz for the newly introduced dual leadership of the SPD. Despite winning the most votes in the first round, the pair lost with 45% of the vote in the ensuing run-off to the winners Norbert Walter-Borjans and Saskia Esken. He subsequently stepped down from his position as Deputy Leader. In 2020, Scholz was nominated as the SPD's candidate for Chancellor of Germany at the 2021 federal election. The party won the most seats in the Bundestag and formed a traffic-light coalition with the Greens and the FDP. On 8 December 2021, Scholz was elected as Chancellor by the Bundestag.

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