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Crockett, Texas
Downtown Crockett, Texas
Downtown Crockett, Texas
Official seal of Crockett, Texas
Paradise in the Pines
Location of Crockett, Texas
Location of Crockett, Texas
Country United StatesUnited States
State TexasTexas
County Houston
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Total 8.85 sq mi (22.93 km2)
 • Land 8.85 sq mi (22.92 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
364 ft (111 m)
 • Total 6,950
 • Estimate 
 • Density 721.39/sq mi (278.53/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 936
FIPS code 48-17744
GNIS feature ID 1355365

Crockett is a city and the county seat of Houston County, Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 6,950. Houston County is the oldest county and Crockett the fifth-oldest city in Texas.


Monroe-Crook House in Crockett, TX IMG 0992
Monroe-Crook House in Crockett

The town was named after David Crockett who reportedly had camped nearby on his way to the Alamo; the site was very near the Old San Antonio Road. A family from Tennessee donated the land for the town and named it after Crockett, whom they had previously known. The town was incorporated in 1837, and a post office was granted the following year. Crockett was connected to Nacogdoches by stage service. In 1839 raids by the Alabama-Coushatta and Cherokee Indians forced the town's residents to take shelter in the fortified log courthouse. Crockett was a training center for Confederate conscripts during the Civil War. The railroad came through in 1872 enabling Crockett to exploit the county's timber resources. By 1885 the town was thriving with a population of 1,200 and the following year a school was opened for black girls. It evolved into Mary Allen Junior College, which operated into the 1970s. In 1904 lignite mining started and it peaked about 1910. The stands of timber were seriously depleted by the 1920s. The population was over 3,000 in the mid-1920s and by 1936, it was nearly 4,500. The population of Crockett increased while most of East Texas declined after World War II. It reached 5,000 by the 1960 census.

During this time, one of the first loop roads in the nation (Loop 304) was built around the city. This traffic reliever was procured through the works of heavyweight politicians who called Crockett home. Blues singer Lightnin' Hopkins was once arrested in Crockett, Texas. In recent years, the economy of Crockett has expanded with the construction of new retail space on Loop 304. Several historic buildings in downtown have been renovated to accommodate new office and service space. Renewed interest in reserves of natural gas in the surrounding area has led to construction of energy infrastructure and receipt of royalty revenues for land.

In 1854, A.T. Monroe, a grandnephew of U.S. President James Monroe came to Crockett from Virginia. He established what is now the Monroe-Crook House built with brick placed between the inner and outer walls. George W. Crook purchased the residence in 1911. The house, open for public tours, is located in front of the John H. Wooters Public Library in the same block as the Crockett Presbyterian Church. The Presbyterian Church was established in 1854. The building was razed by a fire in 1926 and rebuilt.


Revised, Strobe-Pritchett House, Crockett, TX IMG 6244
The historic Strode-Pritchett Cabin was located to Crockett for the 1976 bicentennial. At the site is a painting of Davy Crockett by the artist Lucas Short.

Crockett is located at 31°19′1″N 95°27′30″W / 31.31694°N 95.45833°W / 31.31694; -95.45833 (31.317010, -95.458397).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.9 square miles (23 km2), all land.

The terrain of the town is hilly, and (as with many East Texas towns) contains significant forest, mostly loblolly pine and pecan trees.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 150
1860 319 112.7%
1870 538 68.7%
1880 599 11.3%
1890 1,445 141.2%
1900 2,612 80.8%
1910 3,947 51.1%
1920 3,061 −22.4%
1930 4,441 45.1%
1940 4,536 2.1%
1950 5,932 30.8%
1960 5,356 −9.7%
1970 6,616 23.5%
1980 7,405 11.9%
1990 7,024 −5.1%
2000 7,141 1.7%
2010 6,950 −2.7%
2019 (est.) 6,385 −8.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, 7,141 people, 2,672 households, and 1,747 families were residing in the city. The population density was 805.6 people/sq mi (311.2/km2). The 3,081 housing units averaged 347.6/sq mi (134.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 48.54% White, 44.67% African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 4.78% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 10.50% of the population.

Of the 2,672 households, 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.5% were married couples] living together, 23.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were not families. About 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46, and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city, the age distribution was 29.8% under 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,455, and for a family was $27,069. Males had a median income of $26,098 versus $18,674 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,708. About 26.6% of families and 33.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 44.6% of those under age 18 and 26.0% of those age 65 or over. Crockett is one of the poorest cities in the United States.


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Crockett has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.


Public schools

Most of the city is served by the Crockett Independent School District, although a few acres of the city limits are within the Latexo Independent School District.

Private schools

Crockett is home to the Jordan School—a private, co-educational institution operated by the local Episcopal Church. It currently serves prekindergarten and kindergarten levels. They have partnered with Vista Academy, a charter school operated by Responsive Education Solutions based in Lewisville, Texas, which serves grades 1–6.

Notable people

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