Crockett, Texas facts for kids

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Crockett, Texas
City
Downtown Crockett, Texas
Downtown Crockett, Texas
Official seal of Crockett, Texas
Seal
Nickname(s): Paradise in the Pines
Location of Crockett, Texas
Location of Crockett, Texas
Country United StatesUnited States
State TexasTexas
County Houston
Area
 • Total 8.9 sq mi (23.0 km2)
 • Land 8.9 sq mi (23.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 364 ft (111 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 7,141
 • Density 805.6/sq mi (311.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 75835
Area code(s) 936
FIPS code 48-17744
GNIS feature ID 1355365
Website crocketttexas.org

Crockett is a city in Houston County, Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 6,950. It is the fifth oldest city and the county seat of Houston County, the oldest county in Texas.

History

Monroe-Crook House in Crockett, TX IMG 0992
Monroe-Crook House in Crockett

The town was named after David Crockett who reportedly had camped nearby on his way to the Alamo; the site was very near the Old San Antonio Road. A family from Tennessee donated the land for the town and named it after Crockett, whom they had previously known. The town was incorporated in 1837, and a post office was granted the following year. Crockett was connected to Nacogdoches by stage service. In 1839 raids by the Alabama-Coushatta and Cherokee Indians forced the town's residents to take shelter in the fortified log courthouse. Crockett was a training center for Confederate conscripts during the Civil War. The railroad came through in 1872 enabling Crockett to exploit the county's timber resources. By 1885 the town was thriving with a population of 1,200 and the following year a school was opened for black girls. It evolved into Mary Allen Junior College, which operated into the 1970s. In 1904 lignite mining started and it peaked about 1910. The stands of timber were seriously depleted by the 1920s. The population was over 3,000 in the mid-1920s and by 1936, it was nearly 4,500. The population of Crockett increased while most of East Texas declined after World War II. It reached 5,000 by the 1960 census.

During this time, one of the first loop roads in the nation (Loop 304) was built around the city. This traffic reliever was procured through the works of heavyweight politicians who called Crockett home. Blues singer Lightnin' Hopkins was once arrested in Crockett, Texas. In recent years, the economy of Crockett has expanded with the construction of new retail space on Loop 304. Several historic buildings in downtown have been renovated to accommodate new office and service space. Renewed interest in reserves of natural gas in the surrounding area has led to construction of energy infrastructure and receipt of royalty revenues for land.

In 1854, A.T. Monroe, a grandnephew of U.S. President James Monroe came to Crockett from Virginia. He established what is now the Monroe-Crook House built with brick placed between the inner and outer walls. George W. Crook purchased the residence in 1911. The house, open for public tours, is located in front of the John H. Wooters Public Library in the same block as the Crockett Presbyterian Church. The Presbyterian Church was established in 1854. The building was razed by a fire in 1926 and rebuilt.

Geography

Revised, Strobe-Pritchett House, Crockett, TX IMG 6244
The historic Strode-Pritchett Cabin was located to Crockett for the 1976 bicentennial. At the site is a painting of Davy Crockett by the artist Lucas Short.

Crockett is located at 31°19′1″N 95°27′30″W / 31.31694°N 95.45833°W / 31.31694; -95.45833 (31.317010, -95.458397).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.9 square miles (23 km2), all land.

The terrain of the town is hilly, and (as with many East Texas towns) contains significant forest, mostly loblolly pine and pecan trees.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 150
1860 319 112.7%
1870 538 68.7%
1880 599 11.3%
1890 1,445 141.2%
1900 2,612 80.8%
1910 3,947 51.1%
1920 3,061 −22.4%
1930 4,441 45.1%
1940 4,536 2.1%
1950 5,932 30.8%
1960 5,356 −9.7%
1970 6,616 23.5%
1980 7,405 11.9%
1990 7,024 −5.1%
2000 7,141 1.7%
2010 6,950 −2.7%
Est. 2015 6,554 −5.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,141 people, 2,672 households, and 1,747 families residing in the city. The population density was 805.6 people per square mile (311.2/km²). There were 3,081 housing units at an average density of 347.6 per square mile (134.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 48.54% White, 44.67% African-American, 0.36% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 4.78% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.50% of the population.

There were 2,672 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.5% were married couples living together, 23.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,455, and the median income for a family was $27,069. Males had a median income of $26,098 versus $18,674 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,708. About 26.6% of families and 33.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 44.6% of those under age 18 and 26.0% of those age 65 or over.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Crockett has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.


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