Crosby, Merseyside facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Crosby
Town
Crown Buildings, Crosby - geograph.org.uk - 72158.jpg
Crown Buildings, Crosby
Crosby shown within Merseyside
Population 51,789 (2001)
OS grid reference SJ320999
Metropolitan borough
  • Sefton
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LIVERPOOL
Postcode district L23
Dialling code 0151
Police Merseyside
Fire Merseyside
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
  • Bootle
  • Sefton Central
List of places
UK
England
MerseysideCoordinates: 53°29′14″N 3°02′03″W / 53.4872°N 3.0343°W / 53.4872; -3.0343

Crosby is a coastal town in the Metropolitan Borough of Sefton, in Merseyside, England. Historically in Lancashire, it is situated north of Bootle, south of Southport and Formby and west of Netherton.

History

The town has Viking roots in common with the other -by suffixed settlements of Formby to the north and Kirkby to the east. Crosby was known as Krossabyr in Old Norse, meaning "village with the cross". The settlement was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Crosebi, and by the year 1212 had become Crosseby.

The opening of the Liverpool, Crosby and Southport Railway in 1848 resulted in the growth of Crosby as suburb of Liverpool.

Twin towns, sister cities

Crosby, Merseyside is twinned with

Geography

Crosby as an area was composed of a string of settlements along the Irish Sea coast. These areas were part of the urban districts of Great Crosby and Waterloo with Seaforth and the Municipal Borough of Crosby before it to was abolished and became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Sefton. These areas are:

  • Great Crosby - The main area which gave the town and the old municipal borough its name, despite the confusion that exists, Great Crosby is not the actual town itself but is the largest area of it which was an urban district in its own right which merged with Waterloo with Seaforth urban district to form the Municipal Borough of Crosby and defined the town of Crosby in its present borders.
  • Little Crosby - A small village considered to be the oldest existent Roman Catholic village in England.
  • Blundellsands - An area to the north west of Great Crosby. It abuts the northern section of Crosby Beach, the location of Antony Gormley's Another Place.
  • Waterloo - An area situated southwest of Great Crosby, originally known as Crosby Seabank. It includes Crosby Civic Hall and Library, and the Plaza Community Cinema. It abuts the southern section of Crosby Beach, the location of Antony Gormley's Another Place.
  • Brighton-le-Sands - An area situated between Blundellsands to the north, Waterloo to the south and Great Crosby to the east.
  • Thornton - A village situated to the northeast of Great Crosby.

Demography

Crosby compared
2001 UK census Crosby Sefton (borough) England
Total population 51,789 282,958 49,138,831
White 98.4% 98.4% 91.0%
Asian 0.5% 0.4% 4.6%
Black 0.1% 0.2% 2.3%

At the 2001 UK census, Crosby had a population of 51,789. The 2001 population density was 12,502 inhabitants per square mile (4,827/km2), with a 100 to 89.2 female-to-male ratio. Of those over 16 years old, 31.2% were single (never married), 43.2% married and 8.2% divorced. The proportion of divorced people was above that of Sefton and England (both 6.6%), and the incidences of those who were single and married differed significantly from the national and Sefton averages (Sefton: 43.1% single, 35.5% married; England: 44.3% single, 34.7% married). Sefton's 21,250 households included 32.7% one-person, 35.7% married couples living together, 6.6% were co-habiting couples, and 11.3% single parents with their children. Of those aged 16–74, 28.1% had no academic qualifications, similar to 28.9% in all of England and slightly lower than the 31.0% for the Sefton borough.

Population growth in the town of Crosby since 1801
Year Population ±%
1801 1,391 —    
1811 1,504 +8.1%
1821 1,805 +20.0%
1831 2,462 +36.4%
Year Population ±%
1841 3,194 +29.7%
1851 3,669 +14.9%
1871 7,628 +107.9%
1881 10,717 +40.5%
Year Population ±%
1891 14,625 +36.5%
1901 31,877 +118.0%
1911 39,513 +24.0%
1931 50,569 +28.0%
Year Population ±%
1939 53,135 +5.1%
1951 58,414 +9.9%
1961 59,166 +1.3%
2001 51,789 −12.5%
Source: , Crosby Historical Population, Crosby mid-20th century population

Places of interest

CrosbyBeach
Antony Gormley's Another Place on Crosby Beach

Crosby Beach is home to Antony Gormley's art installation Another Place . The sea views were described in the 19th Century by a First Lord of the Admiralty as second only to the Bay of Naples. Crosby's environs include several miles of beach, a marina, a number of parks and a large area of woodland known as Ince Woods. Crosby is home to a Carnegie Library built with donations from the American steel magnate Andrew Carnegie. Distinctive buildings in Crosby Village include the art nouveau-inspired Crown Buildings and three pubs, The Crow's Nest, the George, and The Village.

In recent years Crosby has featured in The Sunday Times "Best Places to Live" list.

Transport

Crosby is served by the railway stations of Hall Road, Blundellsands and Crosby, and Waterloo, on the Northern Line of the region's commuter rail network, Merseyrail. Trains run between Southport and Hunts Cross via Liverpool Central.

Images for kids


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