kids encyclopedia robot

Cross County, Arkansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Cross County
Cross County Courthouse
Twin/Triple Falls
A railroad bridge crosses over a four-lane highway, with the bridge painted "Welcome to Wynne, The City with a Smile"
A green, grassy Native American mound at Parkin Archaeological State Park
Lake Austell at Village Creek State Park
Sorghum field and grain elevator
Clockwise from top: Cross County Courthouse, the railroad overpass in Wynne, Lake Austell at Village Creek State Park, a sorghum field with Wynne grain elevator in the background, a preserved Native American mound at Parkin Archaeological State Park, and streetside in the Wynne Commercial Historic District
Map of Arkansas highlighting Cross County
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Arkansas
Founded November 15, 1862
Named for David C. Cross
Seat Wynne
Largest city Wynne
 • Total 622.33 sq mi (1,611.8 km2)
 • Land 615.85 sq mi (1,595.0 km2)
 • Water 6.48 sq mi (16.8 km2)  1.0%%
 • Total 17,870
 • Estimate 
 • Density 28.715/sq mi (11.087/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 1st

Cross County is a rural Northeast Arkansas county in the Arkansas Delta. Created as Arkansas's 53rd county on November 15, 1862, Cross County contains four incorporated municipalities, including Wynne, the county seat and most populous city. It is named for Confederate Colonel David C. Cross, a political leader in the area.

The county is largely flat and fertile, mostly used for row agriculture typical of the rich alluvial soils of the Arkansas Delta. Crowley's Ridge, a forested deposit of loess hills rising from the flat Delta bisects the county from north to south, including part of Wynne and most of Village Creek State Park, the county's primary protected area of ecological value. Historical and cultural features range from Parkin Archeological State Park, which preserves a prehistoric Native American mound building settlement, to the Johnston Cotton Gin marking mechanization of the cotton farm, and the Northern Ohio School, a segregated school built by a lumber company for African-American children of employees.

Cross County occupies 622.33 square miles (1,612 ha) and contained a population of 17,870 people in 6,653 households as of the 2010 census, ranking it 49th in size and 43rd in population among the state's 75 counties. The economy is largely based on agriculture. Poverty and unemployment rates are above national averages, household incomes are below state and national averages. Politically, Cross County has transitioned from reliably Democratic to steadily Republican since the mid-20th century.

Cross County is mostly served by two school districts: Cross County School District and Wynne Public Schools. Higher education is provided at the Wynne campus of East Arkansas Community College, a public community college. Crossridge Community Hospital in Wynne is a community hospital providing primary care in the county. Although no Interstate highways serve Cross County, the county has access to two United States highways (US Highway 49 [US 49] and US 64) and thirteen Arkansas state highways. Cross County is also served by one public owned/public use general aviation airport, Wynne Municipal Airport, and seven community water systems provide potable water to customers in the county.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 622 square miles (1,610 km2), of which 616 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 5.9 square miles (15 km2) (1.0%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 49.svg U.S. Highway 49
  • US 64.svg U.S. Highway 64
  • Arkansas 1.svg Highway 1
  • Arkansas 42.svg Highway 42
  • Arkansas 75.svg Highway 75

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 3,915
1880 5,050 29.0%
1890 7,693 52.3%
1900 11,051 43.7%
1910 14,042 27.1%
1920 18,579 32.3%
1930 25,723 38.5%
1940 26,046 1.3%
1950 24,757 −4.9%
1960 19,551 −21.0%
1970 19,783 1.2%
1980 20,434 3.3%
1990 19,225 −5.9%
2000 19,526 1.6%
2010 17,870 −8.5%
2019 (est.) 16,419 −8.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2016
USA Cross County, Arkansas age pyramid
Age pyramid Cross County

2020 census

Cross County Racial Composition
Race Num. Perc.
White 12,067 71.69%
Black or African American 3,651 21.69%
Native American 38 0.23%
Asian 102 0.61%
Pacific Islander 5 0.03%
Other/Mixed 618 3.67%
Hispanic or Latino 352 2.09%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 16,833 people, 6,653 households, and 4,652 families residing in the county.



Unincorporated communities


Cross County Arkansas 2010 Township Map large
Townships in Cross County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Cross County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township.


Major highways

Cross County is not served by any Interstate highways; the nearest access to the Interstate system is Interstate 40 (I-40) in St. Francis County to the south. Two United States highways serve Cross County: U.S. Highway 49 (US 49) runs north–south in western Cross County; and US 64 runs east–west across the length of Cross County.

Highway 1 northbound in Vanndale, Arkansas
Highway 1B runs north as a rural highway in Vanndale

Eleven state highways serve the traveling public in the county, varying from short connector routes to long highways traversing the entire county. Highway 1, which runs north–south the length of the Arkansas Delta, essentially bisects the county, serving as a principal arterial through Wynne and connecting Cherry Valley and Vanndale to the state highway system. Highway 42 runs east–west across the northern part of Cross County through Hickory Ridge, Cherry Valley, Birdeye, Coldwater, and Twist. Highway 75 runs north–south though east Cross County, connecting Parkin and Coldwater to I-40 to the south and I-555 to the north.

Highway 163 begins at Wittsburg and runs north along Crowley's Ridge to Birdeye and toward Jonesboro. It is designated as the Crowley's Ridge Parkway, a National Scenic Byway and Arkansas Scenic Byway.


Parkin AR 2012-03 022
Parkin Water Company water treatment plant in Parkin

Entergy Arkansas is the sole provider of electricity in most of Cross County, with exception of an area northeast of Wynne roughly between Highway 1 and the St. Francis River, which is served by Woodruff Electric Cooperative. Telephone communication service is provided by AT&T, cable television is provided by East Arkansas Video. Centerpoint Energy is the natural gas utility in Cross County.

The Arkansas Department of Health (ADH) is responsible for the regulation and oversight of public water systems throughout the state. Cross County contains seven community water systems. Cross County Rural Water System is the largest by customer count (9276), though it extends into portions of five other counties. Wynne Water Utilities is largest by customers in Cross County (8837), followed by the Vanndale-Birdeye Water Association (2389). Cherry Valley Waterworks, Hickory Ridge Waterworks, Parkin Rural Water Association, and Parkin Water Company are all smaller water systems with under 1000 customers. All use groundwater from various aquifers as source water.

Images for kids

See also

kids search engine
Cross County, Arkansas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.