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Denville Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Denville
Nickname(s): "Hub of Morris County"
Location in Morris County and the state of New Jersey.
Location in Morris County and the state of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Denville, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Denville, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Morris
Incorporated April 14, 1913
Named for Daniel Denton
Area
 • Total 12.641 sq mi (32.741 km2)
 • Land 11.867 sq mi (30.736 km2)
 • Water 0.774 sq mi (2.005 km2)  6.12%
Area rank 185th of 566 in state
14th of 39 in county
Elevation 505 ft (154 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 16,635
 • Estimate (2015) 16,818
 • Rank 152nd of 566 in state
12th of 39 in county
 • Density 1,401.8/sq mi (541.2/km2)
 • Density rank 346th of 566 in state
21st of 39 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07834
Area code(s) 973
FIPS code 3402717650
GNIS feature ID 0882204
Website denvillenj.org

Denville Township is a township in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 16,635, reflecting an increase of 811 (+5.1%) from the 15,824 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 2,012 (+14.6%) from the 13,812 counted in the 1990 Census.

Denville is known as the "Hub of Morris County" for its location along major transportation routes at the center of the county. In 1988, as part of the town's 75th anniversary celebration, a time capsule was buried that contained "artifacts" from that era.

Denville was formed as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 14, 1913, from portions of Rockaway Township.

History

Native Lenape Native Americans were known to travel the Minisink Trail for centuries before Europeans arrived in New Jersey. Part of that trail cut across what is now southern Denville, roughly following the course of Route 10 and Mount Pleasant Turnpike. Some research has indicated that there was a Lenape campsite along the trail in Denville, on or near the Ayres / Knuth Farm Historic Site along Route 10.

When Dutch and English settlers began to arrive in the new world in the early 17th century, the Minisink Trail was the likely route they traveled to explore the interior. Daniel Denton, one of the purchasers of what is known as the Elizabethtown Tract in 1664, led an expedition into the interior of northern New Jersey. In 1670, he wrote the first English language description of the area. Some researchers conclude that the name "Denville" derives from Denton.

Some researchers have suggested that European settlers began to come to the Denville area as early as 1690. These early settlers were primarily Dutch and English from Long Island, Quakers from Philadelphia, and Germans. William Penn and several other proprietors began to survey and stake out lands in the Denville area around 1715. These surveys are the first documentation of Denville. Between 1730 and 1760, several forges and mills were erected in Denville along the Rockaway River and the Denbrook. A number of communities associated with the forges and mills began to emerge. Ninkey and Franklin in southern Denville developed around the forges there of the same names. Denville village developed around the Job Allen Iron Works. Early developers of Denville, such as the Hussa family and A.B Crane & Co., were intrinsic in shaping the residential and lake communities.

A letter from early Denville settler John Hinchman in the year 1800, recounts some of the oral history of Denville from 50 years earlier, as stated to him by some of the elders of the time. Hinchman explains in his letter that the naming of Denville can be traced to a "den" of wild animals located in the swampy regions along the Denbrook and Rockaway River. The animals would bask on a knoll that juts out into the meadows where they were hunted by the native Lenape. This "den", Hinchman states, was the basis for the name of Denville and the Denbrook.

Geography

Main street, Denville, New Jersey
Broadway, Denville's main street

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 12.641 square miles (32.741 km2), including 11.867 square miles (30.736 km2) of land and 0.774 square miles (2.005 km2) of water (6.12%).

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Cedar Lake, Cooks Pond, Cooper Lake, Franklin, Indian Lake, Lake Arrowhead, Lake Estling, Lake Openaka, Openaka Lake, Rock Ridge, Snake Hill and Union Hill.

Neighboring towns include Morris County communities Mountain Lakes and Parsippany-Troy Hills to the east, Randolph to the south and west, Rockaway Borough to the west and Rockaway Township to the north and west as well as Boonton Township to the north.

The Tourne county park is in portions of Denville, Boonton Township and Mountain Lakes. The park covers more than 540 acres (220 ha) of undeveloped land and offers a view of the New York City skyline from its peak standing 897 feet (273 m) high.

Denville has 11 named bodies of water within township limits. The four major residential lake communities are Cedar Lake, Indian Lake, Rock Ridge and Lake Arrowhead (including Great Bay and Bay of Deep Waters). Estling Lake is a private summer community, which has some full year residents. The three minor lakes are Cooper Lake, Hollstein Lake, and Openaki Lake. The town also has Cooks Pond, a recreational lake available for public use by membership.

Most residents of Denville live in the non-lake communities in the township, including Bald Hill, Union Hill, and Beacon Hill, communities among others.

The game of American flag rugby was first played in Denville, introduced to the town by resident Tom Feury.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 1,205
1930 2,162 79.4%
1940 3,117 44.2%
1950 6,055 94.3%
1960 10,632 75.6%
1970 14,045 32.1%
1980 14,380 2.4%
1990 13,812 −3.9%
2000 15,824 14.6%
2010 16,635 5.1%
Est. 2015 16,818 1.1%
Population sources:
1920 1920-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 16,635 people, 6,432 households, and 4,509 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,401.8 per square mile (541.2/km2). There were 6,734 housing units at an average density of 567.4 per square mile (219.1/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 89.49% (14,887) White, 1.42% (236) Black or African American, 0.12% (20) Native American, 6.52% (1,084) Asian, 0.01% (1) Pacific Islander, 0.78% (129) from other races, and 1.67% (278) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.31% (883) of the population.

There were 6,432 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the township, the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 31.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.4 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 87.9 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $103,435 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,379) and the median family income was $122,600 (+/- $7,473). Males had a median income of $85,571 (+/- $9,730) versus $61,382 (+/- $2,135) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $49,990 (+/- $3,235). About 0.0% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.8% of those under age 18 and 1.7% of those age 65 or over.

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 15,824 people, 5,990 households, and 4,312 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,307.1 people per square mile (504.5/km²). (in the 2010 Census there are 16,635 people). There were 6,178 housing units at an average density of 510.3 per square mile (197.0/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 92.64% White, 1.14% African American, 0.08% Native American, 4.64% Asian, (in the 2010 Census it was 1,084 or 6.5%), 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.64% of the population; In 2010, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity were 5.3% of the population.

There were 5,990 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the township, the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.1 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $76,778, and the median income for a family was $90,651. Males had a median income of $63,413 versus $42,392 for females. The per capita income for the township was $38,607. About 1.7% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 94.01 miles (151.29 km) of roadways, of which 83.83 miles (134.91 km) were maintained by the municipality, 2.60 miles (4.18 km) by Morris County and 7.58 miles (12.20 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Route 10, Route 53, U.S. Route 46 and Interstate 80 pass through the Township.

Public transportation

The Denville station offers train service to Hoboken Terminal or to Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan via Midtown Direct on NJ Transit's Morristown Line and Montclair-Boonton Line. Denville is actually two stations located within the same property. The Morristown Line station is two platforms located on a curve while the Montclair-Boonton Line station is a single platform next to the closed Denville Tower.

NJ Transit offers local bus service on the 875 and 880 routes, which replaced service that had been offered on the MCM2 and MCM10 routes until June 2010, when NJ Transit pulled the subsidy.

Denville is served by Lakeland Bus Lines with frequent service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan.

Newark Liberty International Airport, is located 27.5 miles (44.3 km) southeast of Denville in Newark, New Jersey. Other nearby airports include LaGuardia Airport (43 miles from Denville) and John F. Kennedy International Airport (54 miles from Denville), both of which are in Queens, New York City.

Popular culture

  • The farm scene from the film version of Torch Song Trilogy was filmed at the Knuth Farm.
  • Saint Clare's Hospital was where Tony and Christopher were taken after their accident in episode 83 of The Sopranos, "Kennedy and Heidi".
  • Married to Jonas, starring Kevin Jonas and wife Danielle, is filmed at their house in the township.

Community

  • Our Hometown: Celebrating Denville's Centennial, a feature-length documentary about the history of the township was released in June 2013, in conjunction with Denville's centennial celebration. It features audio interviews with local historians, business leaders, and politicians. The piece was directed by local filmmaker Patrick Flynn.

Images for kids


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