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Eudora, Kansas
Statue of Paschal Fish and his daughter Eudora (2011)
Statue of Paschal Fish and his daughter Eudora (2011)
Official seal of Eudora, Kansas
Location within Douglas County and Kansas
Location within Douglas County and Kansas
KDOT map of Douglas County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Douglas
Incorporated 1859
 • Total 2.98 sq mi (7.73 km2)
 • Land 2.94 sq mi (7.61 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.12 km2)
833 ft (254 m)
 • Total 6,408
 • Density 2,150/sq mi (829.0/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code 785
FIPS code 20-21675
GNIS ID 479162

Eudora is a city in Douglas County, Kansas, United States. The city is located along the Kansas and Wakarusa Rivers. As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 6,408.


The history of Eudora predates American settlement. The Eudora area was home to various Indian tribes for thousands of years. The most notable tribe was the Kansa. The Kansa lived along the rivers of this region in villages until they were forcibly removed in the 1820s by the American government to make room for the Shawnee. The Oregon Trail and Santa Fe Trail passed through the region, just a few miles south of modern Eudora.

In 1854 the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed, creating the Kansas Territory and opening the region to settlement by Americans. As a result of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Americans settlers started to encroach upon Indian lands. In 1856, three members of a German Immigrant Settlement Company (called Deutsche-Neusiedlungsverein) from Chicago, sent out a location committee to choose a town site in the new Kansas Territory. Favoring the Eudora area, they drew up contracts with Shawnee Chief Paschal Fish, the original owner of the town site. The new town was named Eudora in honor of Chief Fish's daughter. The first post office in Eudora was established in September, 1857. Eudora was incorporated in 1859.

Eudora was the site of conflict during the Bleeding Kansas Era and the American Civil War. Eudora strongly supported the Union during the Civil War, many of its men enlisted to defeat the Confederacy. William Quantrill passed through the Eudora area in 1863 on his way to Lawrence, Kansas to commit his infamous and deadly raid on the unsuspecting town. Several Eudora residents attempted to warn Lawrence of Quantrill's proximity, but two men were thrown from their horses, one of them dying as a result of his injuries. After the raid, Eudorans were quick to aid the citizens of Lawrence as they started their recovery.

After the Civil War, relative stability finally arrived to the region. Eudora grew rapidly in the late 19th century, with growth leveling in the early 20th century. In the recent decades, Eudora has again grown tremendously as a result of its proximity to Lawrence and Kansas City and its location along Kansas Highway 10.


Eudora is located at 38°56′18″N 95°5′51″W / 38.93833°N 95.09750°W / 38.93833; -95.09750 (38.938213, -95.097417). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.94 square miles (7.61 km2), of which, 2.89 square miles (7.49 km2) is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 572
1890 618 8.0%
1900 640 3.6%
1910 640 0.0%
1920 627 −2.0%
1930 599 −4.5%
1940 713 19.0%
1950 1,488 108.7%
1960 1,532 3.0%
1970 2,091 36.5%
1980 3,112 48.8%
1990 3,006 −3.4%
2000 4,307 43.3%
2010 6,136 42.5%
2020 6,408 4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

Eudora is part of the Lawrence, Kansas Metropolitan Statistical Area.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 6,136 people, 2,210 households, and 1,600 families living in the city. The population density was 2,123.2 inhabitants per square mile (819.8/km2). There were 2,306 housing units at an average density of 797.9 per square mile (308.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.3% White, 0.8% African American, 1.6% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.8% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.5% of the population.

There were 2,210 households, of which 44.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.6% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.25.

The median age in the city was 31.8 years. 31% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 32.1% were from 25 to 44; 20.9% were from 45 to 64; and 8.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.5% male and 50.5% female.


Eudora is directly served by three state highways, three county highways and a direct route to one national highway and to one interstate highway:

  • K-10
  • K-32
  • K-33
  • CR-442
  • CR-1061
  • CR-458
  • US-56
  • I-70


The community is served by Eudora USD 491 public school district.

Notable people

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Eudora (Kansas) para niños

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