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Frimley
FrimleyHighStreetLookingEast.jpg
High Street looking east
Population 6,178 (2011 census)
OS grid reference SU875578
District
  • Surrey Heath
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Camberley
Postcode district GU16
Dialling code 01276, 01252
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
  • Surrey Heath
List of places
UK
England
SurreyCoordinates: 51°18′51″N 0°44′19″W / 51.3143°N 0.7387°W / 51.3143; -0.7387

Frimley is a small English town situated 2 miles (3 km) south of Camberley, in the extreme west of Surrey, adjacent to the border with Hampshire in the Borough of Surrey Heath. It is about 31 miles (50 km) south-west of Central London. The town is connected to the M3 motorway by the A331 Blackwater Valley Road. The village can be considered a slightly more developed twin of Frimley Green. Frimley became an urban district in 1894, and was renamed Frimley and Camberley in 1929.

History

The name Frimley is derived from the Saxon name Fremma's Lea, which means "Fremma's clearing". The land was owned by Chertsey Abbey from 673 to 1537 and was a farming village. More recently it was a coach stop on a Portsmouth and popular Southampton road for about four hundred years.

Frimley on Ogilby's Hampshire 1675
Frimley shown on the map The Road from London to Southampton by John Ogilby dated 1675

Frimley was not listed in Domesday Book of 1086, but is shown on the map as Fremely, its spelling in 933 AD.

Frimley Lunatic Asylum was opened in 1799; it catered for both male and female patients, and received four patients from Great Fosters, Egham. Magistrates visited in 1807 and ordered the proprietors to stop chaining the patients.

An 1811 inventory from Frimley, a Workhouse, can be seen on the Surrey County Council website.

The present St. Peter's Church was built in 1826 replacing earlier buildings. The building has a balcony running around three sides of the interior. Dame Ethel Smyth once preached from the pulpit.

In 1904, the Brompton Hospital Sanatorium was established in Frimley to treat tuberculosis patients; it closed in 1985. Dr Marcus Sinclair Paterson (1870–1932) was the first medical superintendent, and he developed a system of treatment called 'graduated labour' which generated a lot of interest from other health professionals. The treatment used controlled levels of physical activity.

In 1959 the Cadet Training Centre at Frimley Park was formed following the 1957 publication of the Amery Report.

Facilities

WhiteHartPublicHouseFrimley
The White Hart now refurbished

The main shopping street includes a branch of Waitrose and some smaller shops, several restaurants, banks, charity shops, a post office, a number of estate agents, solicitors, opticians, betting shops, an insurance broker and two public houses, the Railway Arms and the White Hart. Frimley Park Hospital is situated in the town. One of the major employers in the town is BAE Systems, which occupies a building off Lyon Way. Siemens opened its main UK headquarters in Frimley in 2007.

FrimleyParkHospitalMainEntrance
Frimley Park Hospital main entrance

Frimley Business Park is situated just to the west of the town on the A331 Blackwater Valley Relief Road. Frimley Business Park houses offices of the Environment Agency, Genesys Telecommunications, AMD and Novartis Pharmaceuticals.

Demography

The usual number of residents in the ward, 6,178, belies the observation that this is the largest and most commercial settlement of the GU16 postcode which also covers the southernmost, Heatherside/Parkside, neighbourhoods Camberley of (its post town) and the distinct villages of Frimley Green, Mytchett and Deepcut.

Industries of Work

The working population worked as set out below in the official industry categorisations in 2011:

Sector % in Frimley South East UK
A Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing 0.1 0.7 0.8
B Mining and Quarrying 0.1 0.1 0.2
C Manufacturing 7.0 7.2 8.8
D Electricity, Gas Steam and Air Conditioning Supply 0.2 0.6 0.6
E Water Supply; Sewerage, Waste Management and Remediation Activities 0.4 0.7 0.7
F Construction 7.2 8.0 7.7
G Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motor Cycles 14.8 15.6 15.9
H Transport and Storage 5.3 5.2 5.0
I Accommodation and Food Service Activities 4.2 5.0 5.6
J Information and Communication 6.6 5.5 4.1
K Financial and Insurance Activities 4.2 4.5 4.4
L Real Estate Activities 1.2 1.4 1.5
M Professional Scientific and Technical Activities 7.2 7.5 6.7
N Administrative and Support Service Activities 4.9 5.2 4.9
O Public Administration and Defence; Compulsory Social Security 5.1 6.0 5.9
P Education 8.1 10.1 9.9
Q Human Health and Social Work Activities 18.6 11.6 12.4
R to U (Other) 4.8 5.1 5.0

Nationality

The ward is relatively representative of the nation as a whole in terms of national identity:

% of Usual Residents who stated in 2011 they had a non-British identity only Surrey Heath South East England
8.2 6.6 7.1 8.3

Economic Status

The proportions of those retired, unemployed and who were students in 2011 were extremely close to the regional average whereas those in the economically inactive (other) category were fewer:

Category Frimley Surrey Heath South East England
Retired 13.6 13.5 13.7 13.7
Unemployed 3.4 2.8 3.4 4.4
Full-time Student 3.3 2.9 3.3 3.4
Economically inactive: other 1.3 1.8 1.8 2.2
Economically inactive: looking after home or family 4.0 4.4 4.4 4.4

Those who replied that there were no people in the household with English as their main language formed a proportion of the population 0.1% less than the national average.

Religion

Category Frimley South East England
Christian 63.1 59.8 49.4
None 23.3 27.7 24.7
Not Stated 8.0 7.4 7.2
Muslim 2.0 2.3 5.0
Hindu 1.8 1.1 1.5
Buddhist 1.2 0.5 0.5
Sikh 0.2 0.6 0.8
Jewish 0.05 0.2 0.5
Other 0.4 0.5 0.4

Transport

Frimley railway station provides access to Guildford, Ascot and London Waterloo. Frimley Lodge Park Railway (a tourist attraction) is also nearby.

FrimleyRailwayStation
Frimley railway station

The town is situated close to the junction of the A325 Farnborough Road and A331 Blackwater Valley Relief Road, which provides a link to the M3 Motorway junction 4.

Famous people

Births

John Singer Sargent Dame Ethel Smyth
John Singer Sargent: Ethel Smyth lived in the town
  • James Cobbett, famous cricketer and considered by many as the finest all-rounder of his day, was born in Frimley on 12 January 1804.
  • Frimley Park Hospital was the birthplace in 1979 of Jonny Wilkinson, a fly-half for England Rugby Union and one of the most famous players in international professional rugby and Lady Louise Windsor in 2003.
  • Jonny Wilkinson's England team-mate Toby Flood was born in Frimley in 1985.
  • Chris Benham (cricketer) was born in Frimley on 24 March 1983. He has played county cricket for Hampshire.
  • John McFall, British Paralympic sprinter, was born on 25 April 1981 in Frimley.
  • Other sportsmen born in Frimley include cricketers James Lawrell (born 1780) and Richard Ingleby Jefferson (born 1941); and footballers Vic Niblett (born 1924) and Martin Kuhl (born 1965).
  • Jacqueline Cass MBE, founder and head coach of the Thames Valley Kings Junior Wheelchair Basketball team was born in Frimley on 22 July 1985
  • Garth Walford, recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • Sir Harry Broadhurst, Air Chief Marshal of the Royal Air Force
  • Lucy Rose, folk-musician

Residents

Dame Ethel Smyth, English composer and suffragette grew up in nearby Frimley Green and later purchased One Oak Cottage in Frimley. Her family moved to Frimley Green in 1867 when her father was given command of the Royal Artillery at Aldershot. Daphne du Maurier wrote most of her fourth novel, Jamaica Inn, in 1935 in Frimley where her soldier husband Frederick (Boy) Browning was based.

Deaths

Notable people buried in the churchyard of St. Peter's Church, Frimley include:

  • John Frederick Lewis (d. 1876), a 19th-century painter
  • (Francis) Bret Harte (d. 1902), the American author
  • William George Cubitt (d. 1903), who won the Victoria Cross in the Indian Mutiny for saving three men's lives at the risk of his own during the retreat from Chinhut
  • Charles Wellington Furse (d. 1904) a 19th-century painter
  • Sir Doveton Sturdee (d. 1925) a British admiral who decisively defeated the German squadron under Graf Maximilian von Spee at the Battle of the Falkland Islands in 1914, for which he was made a baronet
  • George Edward Lodge, an illustrator of birds and an authority on falconry, died in Frimley on 5 February 1954.

Literary mentions

In one of the Just William books by Richmal Crompton, William visits an aunt in Frimley for a few days.

Charles Kingsley refers to "a series of letters on the Frimley murder" in his Alton Locke, Tailor and Poet.

There is a brief mention of Frimley in Stephen King's Nightmares & Dreamscapes in the short story Crouch End. It reads: 'He did indeed move into council housing, a two-above-the-shops in Frimley'.

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