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Gaborone
City
Rail transportation.jpg
Nicknames: 
Gabs, GC, Gabz, G-City, Magheba, Moshate
District Gaborone
Sub-district Gaborone
Founded 1964
Named for Kgosi Gaborone
Government
 • Type City commission government
 • Body Gaborone City Council
Area
 • City 169 km2 (65 sq mi)
Elevation
1,014 m (3,327 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • City 231,626
 • Density 1,371/km2 (3,550/sq mi)
 • Metro
421,907
Time zone UTC+2 (Central Africa Time)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (not observed)
Geographical area code 3XX
ISO 3166 code BW-SE
Climate BSh
Website Gaborone City Council Website

Gaborone is the capital city of Botswana. It has a population of 231,626 people. Gaborone is one of the fastest-growing cities in Africa. Gaborone is on the Notwane River in the southeastern corner of Botswana. It is 15 km (9.3 mi) from the South African border.

The main campus of the University of Botswana is in the city. Gaborone's airport, Sir Seretse Khama International Airport, is Botswana's main international airport.

History

Before 1969, the city was known as Gaberones. Gaberones replaced Mafeking as the capital of the Bechuanaland Protectorate in 1965. Mafeking was outside the Bechuanaland Protectorate. It was in an area of South Africa. When the Protectorate became independent, Botswana needed a capital city that was inside the country. It had been thought that Lobatse would be the capital. It was later decided that they would create a new capital next to Gaberones, a small colonial administrative settlement.

The original name, Gaberones, is from Gaborone's Village. It was named after Chief Kgosi Gaborone of the BaTlokwa tribe. His village, now called Tlokweng, was just across a river from the "Government Camp" (colonial government headquarters). "Gabs" is still a common nickname for Gaborone. A newer nickname for Gaborone is G-City.

The centre of the city was constructed in three years. It includes Assembly buildings, government offices, a power station, a hospital, schools, a radio station, a telephone exchange, police stations, a post office, and more than 1,000 houses. Much of the city was in place for Independence Day on September 30 1966, when the county became independent of the United Kingdom. The first mayor of Gaborone was Rev J. D. Jones. The old Gaberones became a suburb of the new Gaborone, and is now known as "the Village".

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