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Georgetown, Maine
Five Islands, Georgetown, ME; from a c. 1906 postcard published by G. W. Morris
Five Islands, Georgetown, ME; from a c. 1906 postcard published by G. W. Morris
Georgetown, Maine is located in Maine
Georgetown, Maine
Georgetown, Maine
Location in Maine
Country United States
State Maine
County Sagadahoc
Incorporated 1716
Area
 • Total 64.56 sq mi (167.21 km2)
 • Land 18.58 sq mi (48.12 km2)
 • Water 45.98 sq mi (119.09 km2)
Elevation
33 ft (10 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 1,058
 • Density 57/sq mi (22.0/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
04548
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-27295
GNIS feature ID 0582489

Georgetown is a town in Sagadahoc County, Maine, United States. The population was 1,058 at the 2020 census. Home to Reid State Park, the town is part of the PortlandSouth PortlandBiddeford, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area. Located on an island accessible by car from the mainland, Georgetown includes the villages of Five Islands, Georgetown, Bay Point, Marrtown, West Georgetown and Robinhood. It is a popular tourist destination.

History

Abenaki Indians called the island Erascohegan, meaning "good spear-fishing." John Parker, a fisherman from Bedfordshire, England, purchased it in 1649 from Chief Mowhotiwormet, commonly known as Chief Robinhood, for a hogshead of rum and some pumpkins. Parker built the first permanent homestead on what eventually became known as Parker's Island.

Benjamin Riggs House
Front of the Benjamin Riggs House, located along Robinhood Road in Georgetown, a town in Sagadahoc County, Maine, United States. Built in 1790, it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places

The Kennebec River valley was attacked and burned in 1676 during King Philip's War, then again in 1689 at the outset of King William's War, and was not resettled until after the 1713 Treaty of Portsmouth. The town of Newtown-on-Arrowsic was rebuilt in 1714 on the southern end of Arrowsic Island, which was incorporated in 1716 by the Massachusetts General Court as Georgetown-on-Arrowsic, named for Fort St. George. The town's boundaries were extended to encompass Parker's Island, Woolwich, Phippsburg and Bath (which included West Bath). Abandoned during Dummer's War and beleaguered during the French and Indian Wars, the region resettled slowly in the 1750s until peace was assured with the 1759 Fall of Quebec.

About half of Parker's Island provided grazing land, and some residents raised livestock and produced butter and cheese. In 1858, there were two sawmills, two shingle mills, a pailmaker and a shipbuilder. But the merchant marine and fishing were the town's principal occupations. By 1841, all the other parts of Georgetown had been set off and incorporated as towns, leaving Parker's Island with sole claim to the ancient name. Situated between the mouths of the Sheepscot and Kennebec rivers on the Gulf of Maine, Georgetown developed into a summer resort, attracting a number of prominent artists. The island is a noted site for bird watching.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 64.56 square miles (167.21 km2), of which, 18.58 square miles (48.12 km2) of it is land and 45.98 square miles (119.09 km2) is water. Georgetown is located on an island near the mouth of the Kennebec River and Gulf of Maine, part of the Atlantic Ocean.

It is crossed by Maine State Route 127. The island is separated by water from Westport to the northeast, Southport to the east, Phippsburg to the west, Arrowsic to the northwest, and Woolwich to the north.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 1,333
1800 1,534 15.1%
1810 1,998 30.2%
1820 1,165 −41.7%
1830 1,258 8.0%
1840 1,356 7.8%
1850 1,121 −17.3%
1860 1,254 11.9%
1870 1,135 −9.5%
1880 1,080 −4.8%
1890 849 −21.4%
1900 799 −5.9%
1910 742 −7.1%
1920 429 −42.2%
1930 361 −15.9%
1940 420 16.3%
1950 510 21.4%
1960 490 −3.9%
1970 464 −5.3%
1980 735 58.4%
1990 914 24.4%
2000 1,020 11.6%
2010 1,042 2.2%
2020 1,058 1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,042 people, 469 households, and 298 families residing in the town. The population density was 56.1 inhabitants per square mile (21.7/km2). There were 1,044 housing units at an average density of 56.2 per square mile (21.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.1% White, 0.4% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.

There were 469 households, of which 22.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.5% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.77.

The median age in the town was 49.6 years. 18.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.6% were from 25 to 44; 37% were from 45 to 64; and 20.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.1% male and 49.9% female.

Sites of interest

  • Ledgemere Nature Preserve


Education

Georgetown Central School

Notable people

  • James Morton Carpenter, Ph.D., painter, art historian, founder of Colby College Art Museum, and founder of Colby's art history department
  • Marsden Hartley, artist
  • Dahlov Ipcar, artist and children's author, daughter of Marguerite and William Zorach
  • Gaston Lachaise, sculptor
  • William Lithgow (judge), colonial military officer
  • Arthur Noble, colonial military officer
  • Laura E. Richards, children's author
  • Marguerite Zorach, artist
  • William Zorach, artist

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