Giles County, Virginia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Giles County, Virginia
Seal of Giles County, Virginia
Map
Map of Virginia highlighting Giles County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the USA highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1806
Seat Pearisburg
Largest town Pearisburg
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

360 sq mi (932 km²)
356 sq mi (922 km²)
4.6 sq mi (12 km²), 1.3%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

16,708
46/sq mi (18/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.gilescounty.org
Named for: William Branch Giles

Giles County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,286. Its county seat is Pearisburg.

Giles County is included in the Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Giles County is the location of Mountain Lake, one of only two natural fresh water lakes in Virginia. The Lake drains into Little Stony Creek, which passes over "The Cascades", a spectacular waterfall, before reaching the New River.

History

William Branch Giles
William Branch Giles, for whom the county was named

Giles County was established in 1806 from Montgomery, Monroe, Wythe, and Tazewell counties. The county is named for William Branch Giles who was born in Amelia County in 1762. Giles became a lawyer and from there was elected to the United States House of Representatives where he served from 1790 to 1815. He also served in the Virginia General Assembly from 1816 to 1822. In 1827, he was elected Governor. In all, he served his nation and state around a total of forty years.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 360 square miles (930 km2), of which 356 square miles (920 km2) is land and 4.6 square miles (12 km2) (1.3%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Jefferson National Forest (part)

Major highways

  • I-73 (future)
  • US 219 (US Highway 219 in Virginia)
  • US 460 (US Highway 460 in Virginia)
  • SR 42 (Virginia State Route 42)
  • SR 61 (Virginia State Route 61)
  • SR 100 (Virginia State Route 100)

Railroads

  • Norfolk Southern (Virginia Division)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 3,745
1820 4,521 20.7%
1830 5,274 16.7%
1840 5,307 0.6%
1850 6,570 23.8%
1860 6,883 4.8%
1870 5,875 −14.6%
1880 8,794 49.7%
1890 9,090 3.4%
1900 10,793 18.7%
1910 11,623 7.7%
1920 11,901 2.4%
1930 12,804 7.6%
1940 14,635 14.3%
1950 18,956 29.5%
1960 17,219 −9.2%
1970 16,741 −2.8%
1980 17,810 6.4%
1990 16,366 −8.1%
2000 16,657 1.8%
2010 17,286 3.8%
Est. 2015 16,708 −3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2013

As of the census of 2010, there were 17,286 people, 7,215 households, and 4,899 families residing in the county. The population density was 48 people per square mile (18/km²). There were 8,319 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.74% White, 1.51% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.36% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 1.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,215 households out of which 29.27% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.46% were married couples living together, 10.49% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.10% were non-families. 27.86% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.56% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 4.89% from 20 to 24, 23.85% from 25 to 44, 29.43% from 45 to 64, and 18.03% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 96.14 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.55 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,231, and the median income for a family was $53,750. Males had a median income of $41,521 versus $36,886 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,766. About 6.60% of families (2000 census) and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line(2012), including 17.70% of those under age 18 (2012)and 10.50% of those age 65 or over (2000 census).

Communities

Towns

Giles County has five incorporated towns. Only nine other counties have more towns than Giles. Of the 191 towns in Virginia, Glen Lyn is the fifth smallest in population. Thirty-nine percent of Giles residents live in one of the five towns.

Town Population
in 2014
Glen Lyn 117
Narrows 1,964
Pearisburg 2,699
Pembroke 1,087
Rich Creek 752

Unincorporated communities


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